Crimes are classified as felonies, misdemeanors, or infractions.  An
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Illinois Speeding Laws PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Crimes are classified as felonies, misdemeanors, or infractions. An infraction is less serious than a misdemeanor and is usually punishable by a small fine. Examples of infractions would include parking tickets and jaywalking.

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Illinois Speeding Laws

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Illinois speeding laws

Crimes are classified as felonies, misdemeanors, or infractions. An infraction is less serious than a misdemeanor and is usually punishable by a small fine. Examples of infractions would include parking tickets and jaywalking.

A misdemeanor is a less serious crime than a felony and is usually punishable by a fine of not more than $2,500 or by imprisonment of not more than one year. Examples of misdemeanors include trespassing and reckless driving.

A felony is a more serious crime than a misdemeanor. It is punishable by imprisonment of more than one year. In 38 states, the most serious felonies are punishable by death. Examples of felonies include murder, arson, aggravated assault, and driving under the influence.

Donnell is stopped by police in Delaware for driving 65 miles per hour in a 30 mile per hour zone. Under Delaware law, reckless driving is defined to include exceeding the speed limit by more than 20 miles per hour. Has Donnell committed an infraction, a misdemeanor, or a felony? What punishment might he receive? Write 2-3 sentences for your answer.


Illinois speeding laws

Illinois Speeding Laws

  • <31 mph over speed limit: Infraction

  • >30 mph over speed limit: Class B Misdemeanor

    • Punishable by up to 6 months in jail & $1,500 fine

  • >40 mph over speed limit: Class A Misdemeanor

    • Punishable by up to 1 year in jail & $2,500 fine

    • No longer supervision for aggravated speeding

  • No such thing as “felony speeding” in any state… until you add other circumstances

    • Reckless endangerment, reckless driving, driving under the influence, etc.


Criminal law

Criminal Law

Nature of Crimes


The nature of crimes

The Nature of Crimes

  • A crime is something one does or fails to do that is in violation of a law

  • Criminal Law makes certain conduct “criminal” and other conduct “noncriminal”


Illinois speeding laws

TOTAL CRIMES REPORTED: 11,401,313 PERCENTAGE ARRESTED: 19%

Source: FBI 2006


Trends

Trends

  • Since mid-1980s, general decrease in reported property and violent crimes

    • Very large increase in drug arrests, however

  • ~80% of drug prosecutions for possession

    • ~20% for sale and manufacture

  • More arrests for drug law violations than any other crime


Possible causes of crimes

Possible causes of crimes?


Possible causes of crimes1

Possible Causes of Crimes

  • Poverty

  • Permissive Courts

  • Unemployment

  • Lack of education

  • Abuse of alcohol and drugs

  • Inadequate police protection

  • Rising population

  • Lack of parental guidance

  • Breakdown in morals

  • Ineffective correctional system

  • Influence of internet


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