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Role of PDs/CEOs in rural sanitation – an overview. By J.S.MATHUR JOINT SECRETARY Department of Drinking Water & Sanitation Ministry of Rural Development Government of India CONFERENCE OF PDS/CEOS VIGYAN BHAWAN, NEW DELHI 22 nd June, 2011. Why is Total Sanitation a must ?.

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Role of PDs/CEOs in rural sanitation – an overview

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Role of PDs/CEOs in rural sanitation – an overview

By

J.S.MATHUR

JOINT SECRETARY

Department of Drinking Water & Sanitation

Ministry of Rural Development

Government of India

CONFERENCE OF PDS/CEOS

VIGYAN BHAWAN, NEW DELHI

22nd June, 2011


Why is Total Sanitation a must ?

  • Causes most deaths due to gastro-intestinal diseases, jaundice, worms etc.

  • Expenditure on medical aid cuts the poor man’s pocket

  • Education suffers because children cannot attend school

  • Adolescent girls & women do not have privacy & dignity

  • Sanitation affects all Millennium Development Goals


TSC- aims & targets

  • To achieve Universal Rural Sanitation Coverage

  • To cover all schools and anganwadis with toilets

  • Eradicate the practice of open defecation

  • Clean environment with solid & liquid waste management

  • Improve the general quality oflife in rural areas


Quantum of assistance


Rural Sanitation Coverage

1980-90 Int’l Drinking Water Supply & Sanitation Decade

1986-99 : Central Rural Sanitation Programme


% State-wise achievement in IHHLs(TSC)

>90% (5)

51-90% (15)

36-50% (5)

<35% (5)

All India (50.84%)


% State-wise achievement in School Toilets

100%(5)

83-99%(12)

66-82%(6)

<65%(5)


% State-wise achievement in Anganwadi Toilets

100 %(5)

81-99%(10)

60-80%(4)

<50%(10)


Sanitation coverage in rural areas over years (Independent Assessment)

103 million new users as per WHO-Unicef Data since the year 2000, against population growth of 88 million in rural India


Usage Lags Behind AccessAccess and use of household toilets in NGP Villages(As per TARU-Unicef Study-2008 conducted in six states and 162 GPs )


REASONS FOR DYSFUNCTIONAL TOILETS

(As per preliminary findings of CMS study 2010 conducted in 664 NGPs in 12 states)

Functionality


Effective IEC and HRD

  • Awareness creation is KEY .

  • Capacity Building & Training of stake- holders is TURNING POINT.

  • District level Program Manager : A CHAMPION.

  • Missionary zeal : MISSION MODE.

  • Dissemination of Message: EXPERIENCE SHARING.

  • Dedicated Team of MOTIVATORS and VOLUNTEERS.

  • Collective COMMUNITY Action: A Peoples’ Movement

  • CONVERGENCE : Officials / Non- Officials / Public

  • EXPOSURE VISITS.

12


Effective IEC

  • People should understand

  • Must hit people hard

  • Local solutions for local conditions

  • Campaign to generate felt need for Total Sanitation

  • Use of simple language, local idiom, social mores


Recent initiatives

  • Sanction of Consultants at State and district levels

  • Setting up of Block Resource Centres

  • Identification of Key Resource Centres

  • Strategic Action Plan 2012-22 finalised

  • Revision of incentives & unit costs

  • Conference of Hon’ State Ministers

  • Earmarked funds for SCs/STs


Gaps and issues

  • Local strategies(IEC) to deal with different terrains, environments and socio-cultural groups

  • Sustaining the habit and changed sanitary behaviour with proper monitoring including post-NGP

  • Planned approach through regular meetings of SWSMs, DWSM & Village Water & Sanitation Committees

  • Filling up of sanctioned posts

  • Capacity building of PRIs and Govt functionaries

  • Construction of Toilets in Indira Awas


No Toilet, No Bride


Kerala : Hand book- ‘Thelima’

  • A school sanitation and health work book for students from grade V to IX in association with SSA

  • A 31 page hand book in simple language with topical illustrations.


Thank you


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