PRIVATE - PUBLIC PARTNERSHIPS IN INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT IN ASIA by Edwin Khew Chairman Singapore Association for Environmental, Occupational Health & Safety Companies (SAFEco) & Executive Director Vivendi Universal Asia Pacific. Contents. Infrastructure Development Sources of Funding
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Singapore Association for Environmental, Occupational Health & Safety Companies (SAFEco)
Vivendi Universal Asia Pacific
OECD classifies Infrastructure into two
broad categories :-
(b) “Social” Infrastructure
Infrastructure facilities – general characteristics :-
(risk borne by Public Authority)
Award to Private Sector via a concession
arrangement. Revenue collected by
concessionaire based on pre-defined tariff
formula (running cost or ROI or both)
Win-Win formula where convergence and coherence
achieved between social motivation (government)
and business motivation (private).
Municipalities do not have the budget
A. Service and Management contracts
The municipality controls the Water
Distribution but outsource Treatment
Management which will be done more
efficiently by the Private Sector.
Investments and tariff collection are by
B. Concessions or lease contracts
The municipality keeps the ownership of the
assets, but delegates the operations,
maintenance and responsibilities to the
Private Sector under a contractual scheme.
The tariff, under the agreement, is collected
by the private sector. Investments are paid
by the concessionaire.
C. Assets sales
The municipality sells the water
company and all its assets to a private
partner subject to a regulatory regime. The
Private Sector operates under a license that
sets certain service levels and tariff rates.
To bear the cost without major sacrifices
Current international funding
available : US$2.5 billion
Funds needed : US$400 billion
In Malaysia in Water
Selangor State :
Perak State :
Vivendi Water Australia, through Wyuna Water and United Water, provides water services to almost two million people e.g.
Vivendi Water also operates Privatised Water and Waste Water Plants in Vietnam, Thailand and
Serves more than 20 million people in Asia Pacific
and US Filter in October 1999
drinking water supplied
Successful PPP Progress FDI in Water
Thank You in Water