anatomical directional terms
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Anatomical Directional Terms. Anterior (ventral) : In front of, toward the front, toward the belly Posterior (dorsal) : Behind, toward the back. Distal : Away from, farther from the origin (either the trunk of the body or a specified location) Proximal : Near, closer to the origin

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Anterior (ventral): In front of, toward the front, toward the belly

  • Posterior (dorsal): Behind, toward the back
slide3

Distal: Away from, farther from the origin (either the trunk of the body or a specified location)

  • Proximal: Near, closer to the origin
  • Superior: Aboveanother part of the body
  • Inferior: Belowanother part of the body
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Lateral: Toward the side, away from the mid-line

  • Medial: Toward the mid-line (middle)away from the side
  • Superficial: near the surface (also, peripheral)
  • Deep: more internal parts
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Bilateral: paired organs, one on each side of the midline

  • Ipsilateral: structure on the same side of the midline
  • Contralateral: unpaired structure on the opposite side of the midline
planes
Planes
  • Lateral Plane / Sagittal Plane: divides the body into right and left regions.
    • Median or Midsagittal Plane: Sagittal plane that divides the body into equal right and left regions.
    • Parasagittal Plane: Sagittal plane that divides the body into unequal right and left regions.
  • Frontal Plane / Coronal Plane: divides the body into front (anterior) and back (posterior) regions.
  • Transverse/Axial Plane: divides the body into upper (superior) and lower (inferior) regions.
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