culture issues in global it management
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Culture Issues in Global IT Management

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 23

Culture Issues in Global IT Management - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 269 Views
  • Uploaded on

Culture Issues in Global IT Management. What is Culture

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Culture Issues in Global IT Management' - zoie


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
culture issues in global it management
Culture Issues in Global IT Management
  • What is Culture
    • “culture provides members with images of their basic concerns, principles, ethics, and bodies of manners, rituals, ideologies, strategies, and tactics of self-survival including certain notions of good deeds and bad, various form of folklore and legends… The way we give logic to world begins at birth with gestures, words, tone of voice, noises, color, smells, and body contact we experience… Our culture is what is familiar, recognizable, habitual, It is ‘what goes without saying’”.
        • Van maanen, J. and Laurent, A. The flow of cultures: some notes on globalization and the multinational corporations, New York, NY, St. martin’s Press 1993.
cultural issues in global it management
Cultural Issues in Global IT Management
  • Global Village
    • Is there a universal Business Culture that is independent of surrounding culture?

Cultural differences explain everything

Business is business all over the world

The computer subculture is the same all over the world

Cultural differences explain everything

The continuum of “does culture matter”

cultural issues in global it management3
Cultural Issues in Global IT Management
  • Stereotype
    • Normal distribution cluster around a hypothesis.
      • American stereotypes
      • Indian stereotypes
      • British stereotypes
      • Finnish stereotypes
      • German
      • African
    • Cultural experts claim that most successful managers are those that use these cultural mental files as starting points and continuously update them with new information
    • Less successful managers are those who deny having any stereotypes and those who rely strictly on stereotypes.
culture
Culture
  • Some notions about culture
    • The idea that culture can be managed is “itself cultural”
    • American managers understand culture as something an organization has
    • Europeans understand culture as something as organization is
    • Americans believe in controlling their destiny and their ability to change corporate cultures, even in relatively short time spans.
    • Corporate cultural change is something not highly stressed in Europe compare to America
cultural issues in global it management5
Cultural Issues in Global IT Management
  • Do Cultural Differences Affect Global Software Development and Management
cultural issues in global it management6
Cultural Issues in Global IT Management
  • Different Types of Culture
    • Within a national boundary (Canada or India or even US)
    • Across boundaries (Arab or Arabic)
    • Organizational culture (corporate culture)
      • IBM, Microsoft, Toyota, Ford, etc
    • Professional culture
      • Lawyers, military, academic, programmers etc.
    • Team Culture
      • emerges from bonding through common work experiences, disaster and success, from cliquish jokes, team symbols or icon.
    • Individual
      • Multiple caps
      • “I’m more American now than Indian”
  • Which of these cultural norms is the strongest?
  • What is the future of a true corporate culture?
cultural issues in global it management7
Cultural Issues in Global IT Management
  • Managing Cultural Differences
    • Awareness
    • Knowledgeable
    • Understand fundamental differences
  • There is no general theory of cultural difference so what can we do?
slide8

People who speak:

3 languages: trilingual

2 languages: bilingual

1 language: American

slide9

In Heaven,

The Police are British,

The Cooks are French,

The Lovers are Italian, and

It’s all Organized by the Germans

In Hell,

The Police are French,

The Cooks are British,

The Lovers are German, and

It’s all Organized by the Italians.

cultural issues in global it management10
Cultural Issues in Global IT Management
  • Key Cultural Dimensions
    • Data for these research was collected between 1967-1978
    • By Geert Hofstede, a Dutch scholar, an industrial psychologist at IBM.
    • Survey of IBM personnel in 40 countries
    • Sample size was over 100,000
    • Good data resource for our purpose but not perfect for social scientist in general because of the data was from a control group (IT professionals).
cultural issues in global it management11
Cultural Issues in Global IT Management
  • Result
    • Revering Hierarchy (or Power distance)
    • Individual versus Collectivism
    • Taking Care of Business
    • Risk Avoidance
    • Long term orientation.
cultural issues in global it management12
Cultural Issues in Global IT Management
  • Revering Hierarchy (Power Distance)
    • How people think about equality and relationship with supervisors and subordinates
    • In some culture
      • Large gaps between levels of organizational hierarchy
      • Individuals are careful about expressing their opinion to superiors
      • Show proper respect to their boss
      • Superior issue directives and expect subordinates to speak only when allowed and unpleasantly surprised when subordinates freely air their opinions
      • Vice-versa
    • Implication
cultural issues in global it management13
Cultural Issues in Global IT Management

Revering Hierarch. How unequal between rank and class is normal? Low scores represent little reverence of hierarchy.

cultural issues in global it management14
Cultural Issues in Global IT Management
  • Individualism vs. Collectivism
    • The extent to which a person sees herself as an individual rather than part of a group
      • In individual culture people are:
        • Expected to have there own opinion
        • Concern with personal achievement
        • Individual right
        • Independence
      • In collectivism culture people are:
        • Opinions are determined by group members
        • People see themselves first as part of the group and are concern with the welfare of the group
      • Implication
cultural issues in global it management15
Cultural Issues in Global IT Management

Individual-Collectivism. The degree to which individuals prefer to act as individual rather than members of groups (I.e. collectivistic).

High score indicate high individualism and low scores imply high degree of collectivism.

cultural issues in global it management16
Cultural Issues in Global IT Management
  • Taking Care of Business (masculinity/femininity)
    • “Toughness” needed in taking care of business (“masculine”)
    • “Softer values” of taking care of people and being concerned with quality of life (“femininity”)
slide17

Cultural Issues in Global IT Management

Taking care of Business. To what degree are tough values such as assertiveness valued against paternalistic values such as relationships and quality of life.

cultural issues in global it management18
Cultural Issues in Global IT Management
  • Risk Avoidance
    • Attitude towards risky situations, ambiguous behaviors, predictability and control
      • High risk avoidance culture places greater emphasis on
        • Stability rather than innovation or change
        • Resistance to outsiders or starting a company
      • Low risk avoidance culture
        • Embrace change more easily
        • Tend to be more entrepreneurial
        • More likely to break rules and
        • Accepts new ideas faster
      • Implication
slide19

Cultural Issues in Global IT Management

Risk Avoidance. To what degree do people prefer structured, low risk situation versus ambiguous, higher risk.

cultural issues in global it management20
Cultural Issues in Global IT Management
  • Long Term Orientation (Confucianism dynamism)
    • Relative importance of here-and–now versus the future – long-term.
    • Confucian – is a type of the Chinese philosopher Confucius.
      • Persistence
      • Diligence
      • Patience
      • The Confucian tradition, also implies strong patriarchal authority, which is family centered, and it is also close to the “taking care of business” dimension
slide21

Cultural Issues in Global IT Management

Long-term orientation. Based on values of Confucianism. To what degree do people value the future (e.g., in persistence and thrift) versus the past or present

cultural issues in global it management22
Cultural Issues in Global IT Management
  • Do Cultural Differences Affect Global Software Development and Management
    • No, there are essentially no cultural differences amongst software professionals
        • Scientific culture dominates national culture
        • I.e. Programmers in Moscow is more similar to his American peers than to other Russians.
        • Engineering or Scientist stereotypes
          • Is there a computer professional sub-culture that overpowers national culture?
          • E.g Low social needs and high achievement
          • Software development tools internationally
          • Technical language and jargons
cultural issues in global it management23
Cultural Issues in Global IT Management
  • Do Cultural Differences Affect Global Software Development and Management
    • Yes, there certainly are cultural differences amongst software professionals
        • Different development method are used in different countries
          • French are better in OO
          • Japan are better in metrics
          • American code first and then design later
          • Contract and requirement interpretations
ad