Complete Streets: Guide to Answering the Costs Question. Companion Presentation, Part 2. 1. Complete Streets can be achieved within existing budgets. Use with: concerned or receptive transportation professionals, engaged officials.
Companion Presentation, Part 2
Use with: concerned or receptive transportation professionals, engaged officials
Complete Streets can be achieved withinexisting budgets.
In almost all improved areas, fatalities and pedestrian crashes decreased in by 9 - 60%.
New York City traffic fatalities fell to an all-time record low.
35 pedestrian refuge islands
55 new left turn lanes
12 curb extensions
8 median tip extensions
4 pedestrian fences
600 re-timed intersectionsLow-Cost, High-Impact: New York City
Flickr.com user bicyclesonly
In 2011, the city DOT spent $2 million dollars to fill additional potholes.
That’s more than it spent out of its own budget over THREE years for its bicycle program.Low-Cost, High-Impact: New York City
New York City DOT
$4,500 enhances safety and calms traffic at an intersection.Low-Cost, High-Impact: San Diego
Recent reconstruction project: only park.
6 curb extensions +
2 median islands =
Friendlier and safer street, only 13% of total budgetLost-Cost, High-Impact: Redding, California
"When we talk about only park.‘Complete Streets,’ we aren’t necessarily talking about expensive widening projects or major redesigns of our roadways. These concepts can often be applied to existing streets by simply re-thinking how we approach traffic flow and how we accommodate all modes of transportation.”– Phil Broyles, Director of Public Works, Springfield, Missouri
City of Milwaukee
Complete streets can save money. only park.
Narrower travel lanes require less land, less pavement
Provide more options = reduce need for widening some intersections
Do it right the first time, not when forced to later—at a higher priceThink Ahead, Think Smart
City of Colorado Springs
Maintenance and operations activities:
Repave 3% of road network each year
Convert 4 auto lanes to 2 bike lanes + 3 auto lanes
Re-examined 5 road-widening projects only park.
Found widenings unnecessary
$58.5 million savingsSaving Money: Lee County, Florida
Priced at $6 million to replace road as is
Mn/DOT re-evaluated transportation needs and found no need for wide roadway
Reallocated road space for all users, saved $2 millionSaving Money: Richfield, Minnesota
Changing roadway striping during restriping ≈ just 15% of total project.
Safely narrowing width of travel lanes saves about 2% of project costs.Saving Money: Charlotte, North Carolina
Over ten years, 47% of projects on these streets had scope, schedule, or budget changes resulting in delay.Saving Money: Washington State
Complete Streets planning could have saved an average of $9 million per Main Street project – about 30% – in reduced scope, schedule, and budget changes over the last 10 years.Saving Money: Washington State
Re-evaluated needs on four-lane road streets.’
Instead created three-lane street with two bike lanes
Replaced traffic signals with roundabouts
Savings: $347,515, 16.5% below the original project estimate.Saving Money: Brown County, Wisconsin
“Implementation of Complete Streets goals can actually keep costs at acceptable levels and save money, while adding more public benefits and return on investment.”
– Scott Bradley, Director of Context Sensitive Solutions, Minnesota Department of Transportation
"The [Complete Streets] processes that we are going through now in project development should lead to fewer changes in construction by addressing the issues upfront. If you are properly going through the project development process, you should have lower costs, fewer change orders, and fewer delays because people are not coming out during the construction phase to demand changes.”
– Thomas DiPaolo, assistant chief engineer for MassDOT
“This [Complete Streets policy] puts the framework in place that allows the city to start with a project in the design phase and include these multi-modal recommendations. It will be at a much lower cost than tearing up something that’s already in place.”
– Michael Leaf, Transportation Commission, Highland Park, Illinois
Flickr.com user Zol87
Road diets place that allows the city to start with a project in the design phase and include these multi-modal recommendations. It will be at a much lower cost than tearing up something that’s already in place.”
Combining projects to lower costs
Incremental approach: make it better each time you touch it
Simply thinking about small improvementsIncremental Changes, Big Impact
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
12 -> 11’ Lanes
2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Sidewalks, bike lanes, etc. are small %age of total cost
“[Protected bike lanes] are dirt cheap to build compared to road projects.”
– Gabe Klein, Commissioner, Chicago DOT
“The advantage of inserting a dialogue about all users at the earliest stages of project development is that it provides the designers and engineers the best opportunity to create solutions at the best price.”
- James Simpson, Commissioner, NJDOT