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Ancient Greece PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Ancient Greece. Chapter 5 Human Legacy. The richest source of information about the Minoan way of life. frescoes. Considered to be the first Greeks. Mycenaeans. Tells the story of the last year of the Trojan War. the Iliad. Foot soldiers. hoplites .

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Ancient Greece

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Ancient Greece

Chapter 5

Human Legacy


The richest source of information about the Minoan way of life

frescoes


Considered to be the first Greeks

Mycenaeans


Tells the story of the last year of the Trojan War

the Iliad


Foot soldiers

hoplites


Public marketplace where people did business, gossiped, and discussed politics

agora


Rule by a few individuals

oligarchy


Tight rectangle formation used by Greek armies

phalanx


Battle that left the Persian army stranded in Greece without naval support

Salamis


The battle in which the Athenians defeated the Persians after the first invasion

Marathon


Developed a harsh law code

Draco


The art of playwriting

drama


Spartan slaves

helots


Led the second Persian invasion of Greece

Xerxes


Macedonian King who Conquered every major city-state in Greece except Sparta

Philip II


Became king of Macedonia and Greece after Philip II was assassinated.

Alexander the Great


Became king of Macedonia and Greece after Alexander’s death

Antigonus


Clear and ordered thinking

logic


Egyptian who developed many geometry concepts

Euclid


Philosophy that rejected pleasure, wealth, and social responsibility

Cynicism


Method of learning through questions

Socratic method


Calculated the circumference of the globe

Eratosthenes


Argued that people should use reason to help them learn about the world

Aristotle


Philosophers who equated pleasure with good

Epicureans


Made tribes, not families or social groups, the basis for elections

Cleisthenes


Emphasize reason, self-discipline, emotional control, and personal morality

Stoics


An alliance of several Greek city-states led by Athens

Delian League


Basic political unit in Greece

polis


Greek poet

Sappho or Pindar


City-state that put an emphasis on warfare

Sparta


God or goddesses that was the deity of war

Ares


Sea battle that stranded the Persian army in Greece without naval support

Salamis


Wrote the Republic

Plato


Historians who examined his sources critically and excluded those that were unreliable

Thucydides


Playwright who wrote the tragedy about Oedipus

Sophocles


“What is truth?” is a question associated with

Socrates


gods or goddesses who was the deity of wisdom

Athena


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