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12/19/13 Day 4. Reform Movement If you have yet to present please have all of your materials ready. Agenda: Finish Presentations Introduction Notes Reading on the reform movement and questions . Objectives:

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Reform movement if you have yet to present please have all of your materials ready

12/19/13 Day 4

Reform MovementIf you have yet to present please have all of your materials ready.

  • Agenda:

  • Finish Presentations

  • Introduction Notes

  • Reading on the reform movement and questions

  • Objectives:

  • Explain how the Second Great Awakening and its ideas lead to a time of reform for many different groups


Second great awakening

Second Great Awakening

brought a religious revival and an era of social reform.


Reform movement if you have yet to present please have all of your materials ready

  • Americans became concerned about the state of society

  • People uses churches as a base for reform

  • Belief that person’s salvation depended on his or her own efforts


Reform movement if you have yet to present please have all of your materials ready

  • Rejected the ideas of Calvinism – predestination

  • Promoted ideas of individualism and responsibility

  • “democratic god”

  • Revivalism – large gathering, an emotional meeting designed to awaken religious faith through preaching and prayer.


Transcendentalism

Transcendentalism:

Ralph Waldo Emerson

  • a philosophical and literary movement that emphasized living a simple life and celebrating the truth found in nature

    • Ralph Waldo Emerson

    • Henry David Thoreau

      • Civil Disobedience- Peacefully refusing to obey laws in order to protest an issue

Henry David Thoreau


Reforming asylums prisons

Reforming Asylums/Prisons :

  • People treated like animals and often abused

  • Dorothea Dix worked to fix prisons

    • Emphasized the idea of rehabilitation – treatment that might reform the sick person to a useful position in society


Reforming education

Reforming Education:

  • Education became required by law

  • P.A. had first tax-supported public education system

  • Horace Mann reformed education in M.A.


Do now slavery and abolition what is the second great awakening look back at your notes

1/6/14 Day 4

Do Now: Slavery and AbolitionWhat is the Second Great Awakening? LOOK BACK AT YOUR NOTES!

  • Agenda:

  • Do Now and Discussion

  • Slave life Reading

  • Notes on the Abolitionist Movement

  • Objectives:

  • Analyze the characteristics of the reform movements in the antebellum period– the abolition movement


Do now slavery and abolition what is the second great awakening look back at your notes1

1/6/14 Day 4

Do Now: Slavery and AbolitionWhat is the Second Great Awakening? LOOK BACK AT YOUR NOTES!

  • Agenda:

  • Refresher on Slave Life

  • Notes on the Abolitionist Movement

  • Uncle Tom’s Cabin

  • Objectives:

  • Analyze the characteristics of the reform movements in the antebellum period– the abolition movement


Back to africa

Back to Africa

  • The American Colonization Society

  • U.S. organization founded in 1816 by Robert Finley to return freed American slaves to Africa.


By the 1820s there were 0ver a 100 antislavery societies

By the 1820s there were 0ver a 100 antislavery societies

Abolition movement – the call to outlaw slavery

Emancipation – the freeing of slaves, with no payment to slaveholders


William lloyd garrison

William Lloyd Garrison

  • The Liberator: editor

  • Immediate emancipation

  • Founded the New England Anti-Slavery Society

  • Attacked Churches and Government for not condemning slavery


David walker

David Walker

  • Free Black Abolitionist

  • Wrote: Appeal to the Colored Citizens of the World

  • Called for Blacks to fight for freedom

“The man who would not fight…ought to be kept with all of his children or family, in slavery, or in chains, to be butchered by his cruel enemies.”


Frederick douglas

Frederick Douglas

  • Born into slavery

  • Learned to read & write

  • Escaped from the South

  • Began speaking to the public in hopes that abolition could be achieved through political action.

Anti-slavery Newspaper:

The North Star


Nat turners rebellion

Nat Turners Rebellion

  • Nat Turner: Slave in VA

  • Led a revolt of 80 followers

  • attacked 4 plantations

  • Killed 60 whites

  • Turner was captured, tried & hanged

  • EFFECT: Strengthen Whites views on Slavery


Effects of rebellion

Effects of Rebellion

  • Virginia Debate

    • Should we abolish slavery??

    • motion for abolition in the state legislature

    • Motion Lost

  • Slave Codes: laws that tighten control over African Americans.

    • Bible study, own guns, assemble in public, testify in court.


Abolitionist fight back

Abolitionist Fight Back!!!

  • Swamp Congress with petitions to end slavery

  • Gag Rule: Limiting or preventing debate on an issue


Reform movement if you have yet to present please have all of your materials ready

1/7/14 Day 1

Do Now: Frederick DouglasList things that have helped convince you to try something, buy something, or believe something.

  • Agenda:

  • Check HW/Discuss

  • Frederick Douglas first-hand account.

  • Class Discussion

  • Objectives:

  • Analyze the characteristics of the reform movements in the antebellum period– the abolition movement


While we read

While we read…

  • Listen and concentrate not only on Douglass's voice, but also on what aspects of slave life he is trying to convey.

  • Create a chart such as the one below…


Reform movement if you have yet to present please have all of your materials ready

1/9/14 Day 3

Do Now: Women’s ReformWould you consider yourself to be a feminist? What, if any differences do you think women face in today’s society?

  • Agenda:

  • Do Now/Discussion

  • Quick Notes

  • Reading/Chart

  • Objectives:

  • Analyze the characteristics of the reform movements in the antebellum period– the women’s movement


Women s reform

Women’s Reform

  • Cult of domesticity:the belief that married women should restrict their activities to their 
home and family.

    • Uncommon to have a job outside of the home

    • Could not vote

    • Be a jury member

    • Once married property & money became husbands

    • Lack guardianship rights over children


Abolitionism

Abolitionism

  • Sarah and Angelina Grimke:

  • Daughters of a Southern Slave Owner

  • Became educators/writers – advocating abolitionism and women's rights.


Temperance movement

Temperance Movement

  • The organized effort to prohibit the consumption of Alcohol.

    • Rallies

    • Pamphlets

    • Refused to buy


Other reforms

Other Reforms

  • Education Early 1800s

    • Very few options available

    • institutions for higher learning for women begin to open.

  • Health Early 1800s

    • 3 sick women for every healthy women

    • Rarely bathed or exercised

    • Fashion: corsets

    • Amelia Bloomer: wore lose fitting clothing


Assignment

Assignment

Read Chapter 2 “Women’s Rights”

  • Create a chart

    • Significance Who, what, when and why??

    • Objective

    • Leaders

    • Legacy

YOU WILL NEED THIS FOR YOUR ASSIGNMENT NEXT CLASS


Women s reform have your notes on the seneca falls convention out on your desk

1/10/14 Day 4

Women’s ReformHave your notes on the Seneca Falls Convention out on your desk.

  • Agenda:

  • Check HW

  • Instructions for writing assignment

  • Key Terms

  • Objectives:

  • Analyze the characteristics of the reform movements in the antebellum period– the women’s movement


Seneca falls convention

Seneca Falls Convention

  • 1848 - Seneca Falls, NY

  • First Women’s Rights Convention

  • Organized by Elizabeth Cady Stanton

  • Declaration of Sentiments: Document asserting that men and women are equal

  • Focus on women’s right to vote

    • narrow approval

  • Begin of the first Women’s Rights Movement- lasts until 1920 when women receive the right to vote with the 19th Amendment


Today s assignment

Today’s Assignment

Imagine you are a reporter for the Seneca Falls (New York) Journal at the time the women’s convention assembled. On lined paper write a short article that would go along with the headline. Be sure to include answers to the five “W” questions: Who? What? When? Where? And why?

______________________________________________________________________________________

*JULY 12, 1848*

WOMEN’S CONVENTION OPENS TODAY

LARGE GATHERING EXPECTED

When finished please hand in your entry.

- Next, identify the KEY TERMS on page 364 in your textbook using Chapter 12.


Reform movement if you have yet to present please have all of your materials ready

1/13/14 Day 1

Do Now: Worker’s ReformWhen you think of factories what comes to mind? Conditions? Jobs?*Have out your HW*

  • Agenda:

  • Collection of HW

  • Intro Notes

  • Primary Source Reading “Lowell Mill”

  • Writing Response

  • Discussion

  • Objectives:

  • Analyze the characteristics of the reform movements in the antebellum period– the worker’s movement


Changing the workplace

Changing the Workplace

  • A growing industrial force faces problems:

    • changes in manufacturing

    • creation of the industrial system

  • Most immigrants worked in factories

    • North

  • Dangerous and repetitive

  • Conditions

    • fires and accidents were common

    • pay was low

    • Long hours


Lowell mill girls

Lowell Mill Girls

  • Workers were young, unmarried women

    • “mill girls”- lived in dormitories in the mill towns

  • Poor working conditions often led to strikes - or a refusal to work until demands are meet

  • Strikes in 1834 and 1836 in Lowell, MA


Do now worker s reform what is a labor union

1/15/14 Day 3

Do Now: Worker’s ReformWhat is a LABOR UNION?

  • Agenda:

  • Do Now/Discussion

  • Quick Notes

  • A Brief History of Unions in the USand questions

  • Objectives:

  • Analyze the characteristics of the reform movements in the antebellum period– the worker’s movement


Seeking better conditions

Seeking Better Conditions

  • Strikes

    • Early strikes won by employers

  • Irish and German immigrates

    • North (more opportunity)

    • Suffer abuse (Roman Catholic/Poor)

    • Willing to work for low wages


National trades union

National Trades’ Union

  • First trades unions were specific to a trade

    • Shoemakers

    • Textile mills

  • In 1824, The National Trades’ Union

    • Multiple industries unite


Labor unions

LABOR UNIONS

  • Legally recognized as representatives of workers

  • Bargaining

    • wages, benefits, and working conditions

    • Representing members in disputes with management over violations of contract provisions.


Assignment1

Assignment

Read “A Brief History of Labor Unions in the U.S”

Complete the following questions

  • As you read create a timeline

  • How have unions changed our lives today?

  • Economically, what changes have come about to help employees? Do you think these changes hurt the employer?

  • From what you know and what you have read, what is your opinion of labor unions?

WHEN COMPLETE HAND-IN AN START WORKING ON YOUR STUDY GUIDE


Reform movement have out your completed study guides

1/16/14 Day 4

Reform MovementHave out your completed study guides.

  • Agenda:

  • Homework Check

  • Review answers to reform study guide

  • Review Game?

  • Objectives:

  • Study the characteristics of the reform movements in the antebellum period

Test on Reform Movement – Friday 1/17


Reform movement have out your completed study guides and take a few minutes to review

1/17/14 Day 1

Reform MovementHave out your completed study guidesand take a few minutes to review.

  • Agenda:

  • Review

  • Test

  • Maps

  •  WEEKEND!

  • Objectives:

  • Assessment of the characteristics of the reform movements in the antebellum period


  • Login