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Hamlet by William Shakespeare. Written during the first part of the seventeenth century (probably in 1600 or 1601), Hamlet was probably first performed in July 1602. Set in Denmark. Hamlet by William Shakespeare.

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Hamlet by william shakespeare
Hamletby William Shakespeare


  • Set in Denmark.


Hamlet by william shakespeare1
Hamlet (probably in 1600 or 1601), by William Shakespeare

  • The raw material that Shakespeare appropriated in writing Hamlet is the story of a Danish prince whose uncle murders the prince’s father, marries his mother, and claims the throne.

  • There are three revenge plots in this play.


Hamlet: (probably in 1600 or 1601),

The Prince of Denmark and the protagonist. A reflective and thoughtful young man who has studied at the University of Wittenberg, Hamlet is often indecisive and hesitant, but at other times prone to rash and impulsive acts.


Ophelia: (probably in 1600 or 1601),

Polonius’s daughter, a beautiful young woman with whom Hamlet has been in love.


Polonius: (probably in 1600 or 1601),

The Lord Chamberlain of Claudius’s court, a pompous, conniving old man. Polonius is the father of Laertes and Ophelia.


Hamlet (Senior): (probably in 1600 or 1601),

The specter of Hamlet’s recently deceased father..


Gertrude: (probably in 1600 or 1601),

The Queen of Denmark, Hamlet’s mother, recently married to Claudius.


Claudius: (probably in 1600 or 1601),

The King of Denmark, Hamlet’s uncle, and the play’s antagonist.


Young Fortinbras: (probably in 1600 or 1601),

The young Prince of Norway, whose father the king (also named Fortinbras) was killed by Hamlet’s father (also named Hamlet). Now Fortinbras wishes to attack Denmark to avenge his father’s honor, making him another foil for Prince Hamlet.

In fiction, a foil is a character who contrasts with another character (usually the antagonist) in order to highlight particular qualities of another character.[1][2]



Laertes: (probably in 1600 or 1601),

Polonius’s son and Ophelia’s brother, a young man who spends much of the play in France. Passionate and quick to action, Laertes is clearly a foil for the reflective Hamlet.


Rosencrantz & Guildenstern: (probably in 1600 or 1601),

Two slightly bumbling courtiers, former friends of Hamlet from Wittenberg, who are summoned by Claudius and Gertrude to discover the cause of Hamlet’s strange behavior.


Horatio: (probably in 1600 or 1601),

Hamlet’s close friend, who studied with the prince at the university in Wittenberg. Horatio is loyal and helpful to Hamlet throughout the play.


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