Chapter 12 Republic of Texas. Section 1: Sam Houston’s Government. D. Houston’s foreign policy goals. Foreign policies are a government’s plan to deal with issues with other countries .
Chapter 12Republic of Texas
Section 1: Sam Houston’s Government
1. Lamar persuaded Congress to move the capital to a small frontier settlement called Waterloo.
2. As Waterloo grew, Congress renamed it Austin, in honor of Stephen F. Austin.
1. Lamar offered Mexico $5 million to:
Mexico rejected the offer and would not negotiate.
2. Lamar tried to convince Santa Fe and eastern New Mexico to join Texas. His Santa Fe expedition angered Mexico.
Expedition - a journey made for some special purpose
1. Lamar wanted the Republic of Texas to become a great nation like the United States.
2. While he was president, France, then Great Britain, the Netherlands and Belgium all recognized Texas as a nation and agreed to trade with Texas.
A. Eduation: His belief: people need education to make good decisions.
1. Set aside land for public schools and 2 public universities.
2. Started the state’s endowment fund: money set aside for a specific purpose.
B. Military - Lamar strengthened the army and built a new navy. Believed strong military would force Mexico to recognize Texas.
C. Relations with Indians – Felt Indians had not place in Texas. He used the army and Texas Rangers to drive the Indians from the frontier. He removed the Cherokee from Texas in a battle fought by Van, Texas. They were sent to Indian Territory, now Oklahoma.
D. Economic policies - Lamar ordered millions of paper dollars printed which had no value. His spending put Texas deeper in debt.
increased the Texas debt.
Value of Texas money:
Why did Houston order Texas Rangers to move the archives?
(A) He wanted to show the city of Austin how much power he had.
(B) He feared they would fall into the hands of the Mexicans.
(C) He wanted them kept in his namesake town.
(D) He did not like the city of Austin.
What did the lottery in the Black Bean Episode determine?
(A) Whether or not Texans would attack Mexico
(B) Who would get to name the capital of the Republic
(C) Which parcels of land in Texas would be given away
(D) Which Texans would be executed by Santa Anna’s troops
Arguments For Annexation
Arguments Against Annexation
The Treaty of 1844
U.S. Senate did not approve the Treaty.
The Joint Resolution of 1845
Mexico offered to recognize Texas independence—if Texas rejected annexation by the United States.
Joint resolution- an act of both houses of Congress that has the power of law
Veteran- a person who served in the armed forces