The fraction of activating and inhibiting connections controls the dynamics of biological networks
Download
1 / 6

The fraction of activating and inhibiting connections controls the dynamics of biological networks - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 96 Views
  • Uploaded on

The fraction of activating and inhibiting connections controls the dynamics of biological networks. Daniel McDonald Rob Knight Meredith Betterton Laura Waterbury. Background. Theory of complex networks has been applied in many seemingly unrelated fields Sociology Neuroscience The Internet

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' The fraction of activating and inhibiting connections controls the dynamics of biological networks' - zizi


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
The fraction of activating and inhibiting connections controls the dynamics of biological networks

The fraction of activating and inhibiting connections controls the dynamics of biological networks

Daniel McDonald

Rob Knight

Meredith Betterton

Laura Waterbury


Background
Background controls the dynamics of biological networks

  • Theory of complex networks has been applied in many seemingly unrelated fields

    • Sociology

    • Neuroscience

    • The Internet

    • Biology

  • Networks are patterns of molecular interactions within cells, which can be analyzed in the same manner as other complex networks

    • For instance, the model we use is nearly identical to a neuroscience model that has been extensively studied

    • Data collected from other fields of study has direct potential to be relevant

    • Analysis techniques from other fields of study are also potentially relevant

M. E. J. Newman & S. H. Strogatz & D. J. Watts,. Working Papers 00-07-042, Santa Fe Institute. (2000)

Watts DJ, Strogatz SH. Nature. 393(6684):440-2 (1998)


Model
Model controls the dynamics of biological networks

  • Mathematical realization of our model:

    • W is a n x n matrix

      • Element ij is the strength of the effect

        of gene j on gene I

    • S is a vector

      • Element i is the expression level of gene i

    • F is a nonlinear function (i.e. hyperbolic tangent)

  • We define two types of dynamics:

    • Steady-state

      • The state vectors become equal after some number of iterations.

    • Oscillatory

      • The network oscillates between two states with the number of iterations between cycles as the period length.

M. Siegal and A. Bergman, Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 99(16): 10528–10532 (2002)

Wagner, G. P. Am. Zool. 36: 36-43(1996)


Random networks
Random Networks controls the dynamics of biological networks

  • Generated using Erdos-Renyi random graph model

    • Constant probability c of a connection between any two nodes

  • Activating fraction controls the dynamics of the network

    • Small activating fraction:

      oscillatory dynamics

    • Large activating fraction:

      steady-state dynamics

  • Random graphs evolved using the Great Deluge Algorithm

  • Graphs converge faster with an activating fraction near 0.5


Biological topologies
Biological Topologies controls the dynamics of biological networks

  • Five topologies studied:

    • WNT signaling pathway

    • Notch signaling pathway

    • Nerve Growth Factor network signaling pathway

    • Arabidopsis circadian oscillator (see figure)

    • Drosophila circadian oscillator

  • Supports our model

  • Oscillatory and steady state networks function as expected.

*Figure from…


Discussion
Discussion controls the dynamics of biological networks

  • Activating fraction plays a major role in the overall dynamics of networks

    • Randomly generated networks

      • Large a: networks tend to reach steady state

      • Small a: networks tend to oscillate with period 2

      • Intermediate a: networks tend to oscillate with a longer period

    • Network optimization

      • Most rapid convergence to steady-state seen with large a

      • Most rapid convergence to long-period oscillations seen with a=0.5

    • Biological network topologies

      • Signalign networks tend to reach steady-state

      • Circadian oscillators tend to oscillate


ad