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By: Elizabeth Albert. MELANOMA . What is Melanoma?. “ Definition of melanoma : A form of cancer that begins in melanocytes (cells that make the pigment melanin). It may begin in a mole (skin melanoma), but can also begin in other pigmented tissues, such as in the eye or in the intestines. “

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What is melanoma
What is Melanoma?

  • “Definition of melanoma: A form of cancer that begins in melanocytes (cells that make the pigment melanin). It may begin in a mole (skin melanoma), but can also begin in other pigmented tissues, such as in the eye or in the intestines. “

    Info provided by: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/types/melanoma on September 4, 2011


Who discovered melanoma
Who discovered melanoma?

  • In 1787, John Hunter was the first, reported, surgeon to operate on what is now assumed to have been Melanoma. Hunter described it as “cancerous fungous excrescence.”

  • Frenchman Rene Laennac was the first person to describe Melanoma. He first reported it in 1804 as part of a lecture in France.


The abc s of melanoma identification
The “ABC’s” of Melanoma identification

  • Asymmetry - one half does not match the other

  • Border- “the edges are often ragged, notched, blurred, or irregular.”

  • Color- uneven color; shades of brown, black, and areas of pink, red, blue, or grey might also occur

  • Diameter- The size has changed (usually grows larger). Melanoma are usually larger than ¼ inch or 5 cm.


Symptoms of melanoma
Symptoms of Melanoma

  • First symptoms include the change in an existing mole or the appearance of an abnormal growth.

  • Scaling

  • Itching

  • Spread of pigments

  • Oozing or bleeding

  • A cancerous mole may show a combination of some or all of the listed symptoms.


Prevention
Prevention

  • Limit sun exposure

  • Stay out of the sun during midday hours (10 a.m. and 4 p.m.)

  • Use sunscreen everyday (an SPF of at least 15)

  • Avoid artificial tanning (increases risk of Melanoma by 75%)


Treatment
Treatment

  • Surgery- remove cancerous mole or tumor and also some surrounding tissue or lymph nodes.

  • Chemotherapy

  • Biological therapy

  • Radiation therapy

    (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and biological therapy are to relieve symptoms.)



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