Governance as stakeholder responsibility l.jpg
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 30

Governance as Stakeholder Responsibility PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Governance as Stakeholder Responsibility . James E. Post Prepared for the “Advancing CSR Theory: An Intercontinental Dialogue” Montreal, CANADA 12-15 October 2006. Introduction . Perspective: 30 years of CSR teaching, research, and practical experience.

Download Presentation

Governance as Stakeholder Responsibility

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

Governance as stakeholder responsibility l.jpg

Governance as Stakeholder Responsibility

James E. Post

Prepared for the “Advancing CSR Theory: An Intercontinental Dialogue”

Montreal, CANADA

12-15 October 2006

Introduction l.jpg


  • Perspective: 30 years of CSR teaching, research, and practical experience.

  • Our field is a mixture of theory and practice – we need both to build.

  • We need realism … as well as idealism

  • Hewlett-Packard as a case example

  • How do we know we are not being fooled?

J. Post -2006

Challenge we face l.jpg

Challenge we face

  • Governance is about authority

  • Who has authority to make decisions?

  • What is the source of that authority?

  • How is authority legitimately exercised?

  • This intercontinental dialogue will explore the implications of these issues.

J. Post -2006

A sobering story l.jpg

A Sobering Story

  • Hewlett-Packard “leaking” scandal

  • Ethics standards … “H-P Way”

    • “Every member of the H-P community (including directors, executives, managers, employees, business partners) must adhere to the highest standards of business ethics and comply with all applicable laws.”

  • What went wrong?

  • Do the ends justify the means?

J. Post -2006

From halos to horns l.jpg

From Halos to Horns

H-P Board Chair, P. Dunn

  • “I do not accept responsibility for what happened .…” (Testimony)

  • “I am not an investigator or a lawyer ….” (Testimony)

  • H-P’s lawyers and counsel said “pretexting” was legal (or not illegal).

J. Post -2006

H p mark hurd l.jpg

H-P Mark Hurd

H-P CEO, Mark Hurd

  • “I accept personal responsibility to get to the bottom of this and fix it…”

  • “This was not the CEOs No. 1 priority.”

  • “The CEO cannot be the backstop for every process in the company.” (Testimony)

  • “Processes break in two ways. They break because they don’t have the right checks and balances and because they don’t have the right execution. This one broke down on both fronts. … Like anything else we need to go fix it.” (CNN Money/Fortune interview)

J. Post -2006

Just because you are paranoid doesn t mean hewlett packard is not spying on you l.jpg

Just Because You Are Paranoid Doesn’t Mean Hewlett-Packard Is Not Spying On You

J. Post -2006

Roots of csr theory research l.jpg

Roots of CSR Theory & Research

  • Disasters/crises (such as H-P case)

  • Externalities – ecological, consumers, etc.

  • Growth of giant business enterprise

  • Labor-management relations, unions, and social conflict

  • Competition policy – market abuses

J. Post -2006

Development of csr field l.jpg

Development of CSR Field

  • All research begins with a good question

  • CSR questions

    • To whom is the corporation responsible?

    • For what?

    • How can we evaluate progress and performance?

J. Post -2006

Canadian social performance l.jpg

Canadian Social Performance

  • Royal Commission on Corporate Concentration - 1976

  • “The concept of corporate social responsibility is still a relatively new and therefore an evolving determinant of corporate behaviour in Canada.”

    R. T. Mactaggart, et. al., Corporate social performance in Canada, Study 21, RCCC, 1978.

  • Focus on how the “social contract” was evolving between MNCs and Canadian society.

J. Post -2006

Normative theory csr 1 l.jpg

Normative theory - CSR 1

  • CSR – 1 is the theory of how the modern corporation should exist and interact with people, institutions, and all segments of society.

  • CSR -1 is normative – how the corporation “ought” to act

  • Normative state – Define ideal or proper “state” of relations between the corporation and society

J. Post -2006

Grounded theory csr 2 l.jpg

Grounded theory - CSR 2

  • CSR – 2 is the theory of how the modern corporation formulates and implements policies, programs, and practices that accomplish the normative goals.

  • CSR -2 is process-oriented (responsiveness). How does the corporation translate policy ideas into practice?

  • CSR 2 is a grounded theory …actual practice.

J. Post -2006

Policy and action csr 3 l.jpg

Policy and Action – CSR 3

  • CSR-3 Critical ethical and management issues of our time – human rights, environment, labor rights

  • Corporate policy rooted in moral correctness

  • “Corporate social rectitude”

  • Legitimacy of governance as the key issue for corporate and governmental institutions

  • Age of Accountability

J. Post -2006

Traditional view of governance l.jpg

Traditional view of governance

  • Traditional property rights view emphasizes that the owner of property has dominion over it.

  • Three rights

    • To use as the owner wishes.

    • To transfer as the owner wishes.

    • To set conditions for others to use it.

  • New realities affect those rights however.

J. Post -2006

Pac newsletter headline l.jpg

PAC Newsletter - headline

  • “Corporate social responsibility is undergoing a huge transformation” because of new realities.

    • Public Affairs Council, Sept. 2006

  • Point: The community is no longer geographically defined …. “Even for small companies, the community is now the globe.”

  • Recommendation: Corporate community activity should be based on your organization’s key competency.

  • Example -- UPS - transport & logistics – during Katrina, UPS was among the most effective responders.

J. Post -2006

New realities l.jpg

New realities

  • The nature of assets has changed (intangibles).

  • The modern firm is not factories & railroad cars.

    • It is composed of networks of voluntary relationships.

  • Culture and history support more “open” approaches to authority and power.

    • Governance requires “legitimate” processes of leadership and accountability

J. Post -2006

Csr at a crossroads l.jpg

CSR at a Crossroads

  • Old-style corporate social responsibility seems to be morphing into new models.

  • PR model – good works at the margin of the business/ philanthropy (Buffet, Gates, Branson)

  • Integrate the concerns – supply chain, subcontractors, transparency, reputation

  • Corporate re-design for the 21st century

    • Corporation 2020 project

J. Post -2006

Integration respected companies l.jpg

Integration: Respected Companies

  • Barron’s financial journal, September 11, 2006

  • 85 institutional investors evaluated 100 largest companies in terms of “respect”.

  • “… respect is intangible, which may be why it’s so important.” – Barron’s

  • Top ranked:

    • Johnson & Johnson, General Electric, Procter & Gamble, Toyota, Berkshire-Hathaway, Pepsico, Exxon Mobil, Goldman Sachs, Honda, Amgen

J. Post -2006

5 factors considered l.jpg

5 Factors considered

Factor Most important 2d most important

  • Strong mgt 31%24% (55)

  • Sound bus. strgy 27% 25% (52)

  • Consistent sales &

    profit growth 22% 6% (28)

  • Ethical bus. practice 15%25% (40)

  • Competitive edge 4%12% (16)

J. Post -2006

Re design model 21 st c principles l.jpg

Re-design model: 21st c. Principles

1. The purpose of the corporation is to harness private interests to serve the public interest.

2. Corporations shall accrue fair profits for shareholders, but not at the expense of the legitimate interests of other stakeholders.

J. Post -2006

Redesign principles l.jpg

Redesign principles …

3. Corporations shall operate sustainably to meet the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs.

4. Corporations shall distribute their wealth equitably among those who contribute to its creation.

J. Post -2006

Redesign principles22 l.jpg

Redesign principles …

5. Corporations shall be governed in a way that is participatory, transparent, ethical, and accountable.

6. Corporate rights shall not supersede or weaken rights of natural persons to govern themselves.

  • Source: <>

J. Post -2006

The business school research project l.jpg

The Business School Research Project

  • To learn how leading business schools are addressing social and ethical issues in curriculum, research, and community.

  • To assess faculty resources and related support for these areas.

J. Post -2006

Key findings l.jpg

Key findings

  • Social and ethical issues are now taught in five distinct sub-areas … ethics, social enterprise (CSR), social entrepreneurship, corporate governance, and sustainability.

  • Leading schools use one or more of these areas as key focal points for MBA program activity.

  • Dominant focus on ethics and social entrepreneurship as organizing themes for teaching.

  • Leading schools are innovating and using these areas as springboard to public awareness and recognition.

J. Post -2006

Conclusion l.jpg


  • Governance is about stakeholders

    • Who matters? Why? What is the proper way to deal with stakeholders?

  • Responsibility is understood through answers we develop to these fundamental questions:

    • To whom is the corporation responsible?

    • For what?

    • How do we measure performance and progress?

J. Post -2006

E thics l.jpg


J. Post -2006

Social enterprise l.jpg

Social Enterprise

J. Post -2006

S ocial e ntrepreneurship l.jpg

Social Entrepreneurship

J. Post -2006

C orporate g overnance l.jpg

Corporate Governance

J. Post -2006

S ustainability l.jpg


J. Post -2006

  • Login