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Collaborative Spaces. Scott Klemmer 18 October 2005. Paul Badger, Information Superhighway Anagrams. intimate. personal. social. public. Proxemics: Edward T. Hall. The study of spatial distances between individuals in different cultures and situations The Hidden Dimension, 1966.

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Collaborative Spaces

Scott Klemmer

18 October 2005

Paul Badger, Information Superhighway Anagrams


intimate

personal

social

public

Proxemics: Edward T. Hall

  • The study of spatial distances between individuals in different cultures and situations

  • The Hidden Dimension, 1966


intimate

personal

social

public

Proxemics: Edward T. Hall

  • The boundaries between these areas is highly culturally dependent

  • e.g., Southern Europe has closer boundaries for personal space than America


Proxemics: Intimate (<18")

  • Embracing and whispering

Collaborative Spaces


Proxemics: Personal (18“ – 4')

  • Friends and family, waiting in line

Collaborative Spaces


Proxemics: Social (4' – 12')

  • Communication among business associates

  • Separates strangers using public areas

Collaborative Spaces


Proxemics: Public (12' – 25')

  • Distance between audience and speaker

Collaborative Spaces


Angle of Orientation

  • Sommers 1959

Conversation

Cooperation

Competition

Collaborative Spaces


William H. Whyte (1917 - 1999)

  • The Social Life of Small Urban Spaces(book 1980, video 1984)

  • Results of the Street Life project

  • In addition to captivating results, an excellent case study in social science research methods

Collaborative Spaces


Recording Spatial Information

Collaborative Spaces


Closer to reality

  • Meyer TeamSpace

  • TideWave

  • Smart Ideas + CamFire

Collaborative Spaces


Design Issues, Principles, Research

  • Even today, building collaborative spaces is hard. Recent developments help:

    • DiamondTouch table & DiamondSpin toolkit (tables)

    • The Papier-Mâché toolkit (vision, rfid, barcode)

    • iROS and the PatchPanel (interactive rooms)

  • These tools all support simultaneous input by multiple people, and the latter two address heterogeneous devices

Collaborative Spaces


History

  • Weiser’s ubicomp era: LiveBoards

    • Fundamental contribution: computing at the wall scale

    • Commercial spinouts by LiveWorks, SMART

    • SMART now a $100m/yr business

  • Early/Mid 90s: Richer interactions

    • Digital Desk, Clearboard

  • More recently: Interacting across devices

    • iRoom!

Collaborative Spaces


Design Principles

  • Always on scanning

  • Geo-referenced I/O

  • Capture & Access

Collaborative Spaces


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