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Building Condition Assessment and Documentation Part I – Introduction. Randy Warbington, PE Facilities Program Manager Southern Region USDA Forest Service. 3 Day Course Prepared for Presentation at ESRU, March 10-12, 2008

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Building Condition Assessment and DocumentationPart I – Introduction

Randy Warbington, PE

Facilities Program Manager

Southern Region

USDA Forest Service

3 Day Course Prepared for Presentation at ESRU, March 10-12, 2008

Edited for Presentation at National Facilities Meeting, April 30-May 2, 2008

Mark McDonough, PE

Assistant Station Engineer

Southern Research Station

USDA Forest Service


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Welcome and Introductions

National Facilities Engineering Meeting

USDA Forest Service

  • Who we are

  • Who you are, where you are from

  • Why you are here

  • What you hope to learn this week

the first convention center in the nation to receive the U.S. Green Building Council’s LEED-EB certification

Portland, Oregon


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Safety Minute

One tool regularly used in building condition assessment work is a ladder; therefore we will do a safety minute today on “Ladder Safety.”

  • Each year about 50 workers are killed by falls from ladders.

  • Twice as many falls occur stepping down compared to going up ladders.

  • The main cause of falls from straight and extension ladders is sliding of the ladder base.

  • Proper angle for a leaning ladder should be such that the distance from the support to the base is ¼ of the height.

  • For self-supported ladders or stepladders, the main cause is tipping sideways.

  • A lot of workers carrying ladders hurt their backs. If possible use two people to carry if the ladder is long.


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Quiz on Proper Use of Ladders

Are there any problems here?


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Course Training Objectives

  • Learn how to properly conduct condition assessments on Forest Service buildings using new agency protocols

  • Learn how to properly document building condition assessments by correctly recording the applicable header information, standard and custom work items and quantities

  • Learn how to properly input building condition assessment data into I-Web for further processing, including automated costing of needs, leading to a determination of building value that is adjusted based upon its condition

  • Gain some insight in operating, maintaining and managing public facilities


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Target Audience

  • Forest Service engineers, engineering technicians, recreation technicians and other forest, district and lab and station employees designated to conduct building condition assessments and input data into I-Web

  • Contractors employed to conduct condition assessments on Forest Service buildings

  • Line Officers who desire an overview of the building condition assessment process may also find this course of interest


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When and How

  • Training on the new agency-standard protocols is desired prior to conducting condition assessments on buildings beginning in FY 2008

  • Two types of training: (differences will be discussed later)

    • AGLEARN short course for “basic” buildings

      • no pre-requisites; completion of it is adequate for “basic” inspectors

    • Full 3-day classroom and field trip course for “complex” buildings

      • 3 day course plus construction certification in the “Buildings” category

  • Courses shall be included in the training plan for all employees who will be conducting “basic” or “complex” building condition assessments

  • Certificate of completion will be provided for both levels


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Forest Service Buildings


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Summary of Forest Service Building Inventory

  • There are 40,000+ buildings owned by the Forest Service, most of which are located on a National Forest, an Experimental Forest or at a Research Station

  • They range in size from less than 25 to over 100,000 square feet of floor space

  • Over 30,000 of these Forest Service buildings fall in the smaller end of the spectrum, and are classified in I-Web as “sheds”, “shelters”, “barns” or “pit and vault toilets”


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Definition of a “Building”

  • From FSH 7509.11, section 05, a building is defined as “a structure to support, shelter, or enclose persons, animals, or property of any kind.”

  • For the purposes of input into the I-Web database the following additional clarification is offered:

    “A building is at least 8’ in total height and has a foundation and a permanent roof”

  • Bird houses and dog houses are not buildings

  • A tent is not a building


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Buildings (FS-Owned)

31,3340,000 SF

CRV > $5.4 Billion

$464,000,000 of DM

8.6% of Total Value


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Most are Old; Many are Historic

*Data from 2000


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Forest Service Building Value and Condition by Unit

https://iweb.fs.usda.gov/cdwreports/Buildings_subcategory_fci_fy04.xls

Note: this is a secure link, therefore you must be logged into eAuthentication for it to work. Also note that the +’s on the left side indicate that you can drill down to the unit of interest.


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More Being Added Every Day


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Basic and Complex Buildings


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Buildings classified as “Basic”

  • These buildings generally coincide the ones classified in I-Web as “sheds”, “shelters”, “barns” and “pit and vault toilets”, although certainly some barns and shelters especially would be classified as “Complex” due to the presence of heating, plumbing and/or electrical systems in them.

  • For the purposes of conducting condition assessments “Basic” buildings are defined as those buildings having no HVAC (heating, ventilation and air conditioning), no plumbing and no electrical.


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Pictorial Examples of “Basic” Forest Service Buildings

Storage Shed

Barn

Storage Shed

Vault Toilet

Vault Toilet

Moldering Privy

Moldering Privy

Trail Shelter


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We really have a lot of these!


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Complex Buildings

  • For the purposes of conducting condition assessments “complex” buildings are defined as those buildings having one, two or all of the following components: electrical, heating, ventilation air conditioning, or plumbing.

  • Only about 1/3 of the Forest Service’s 40,000+ buildings recorded in I-Web would be classified as “complex” for this purpose; the rest are “basic”

  • The AGLEARN course is the only required training for performing condition assessments on “basic buildings” required of all building inspectors

  • To conduct condition assessments on “complex” buildings completion of this 3-day course is required, as well as certification as a “Buildings” construction inspector


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Pictorial Examples of “Complex” Forest Service Buildings

Office

Barn

Office

Bath House

Vault Toilet

Office

Kiosk or Shed

Lab

Shelter

Bunk House


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Portable Buildings

  • There has been some confusion and miscommunication over how to classify portable buildings – real or personal property?

  • Generally real property is defined as “Any interest in land, together with the improvements, structures, and fixtures, including prefabricated movable structures such as Butler-type storage warehouses and quonset huts, and house trailers with or without undercarriages, and appurtenances thereto, under the control of any Federal agency”

  • When designated by the agency for disposition separate from the land which underlies them,portable buildings convert from real to personal property

  • Portable buildings may require condition assessments to inform their value whether they are considered to be real or personal property

  • Portable buildings which are real property must be input into I-web and be maintained with appropriate maintenance funds

  • Once they become identified for disposition and become personal property they should no longer be assessed maintenance fees.


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Pictorial Examples of Portable Forest Service Buildings

Real Property

Real Property

Barn

Vault Toilet

Kiosk or Shed

Shelter

Portable Toilets

Not yet considered “Real”

Not Real Property


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Temporary Buildings

  • May be simple, complex, or portable

  • Portable storage buildings and tents are examples

  • No indication that the FSM addresses temporary buildings or promulgates different construction or maintenance standards for them

  • The assumption is that a temporary building would not be stored in the I-Web Inventory System, be assessed CP09 or other maintenance fees – How long is temporary?

  • Temporary buildings might require condition inspections, but as the buildings would not be inventoried in I-Web, would not need condition assessments


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Pictorial Examples of Temporary Forest Service Buildings

“Plastic” Storage Building

Mobile Tanker Base

Tent

Temporary Office


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How would you classify this one?


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Buildings (Leased)


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Buildings (Leased)


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Laws, Standards, and Direction Applicable to Facility Management

Architectural Barriers Act

Accessibility Guidelines

July 23, 2004


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Deals with both existing and new occupancies.

Deals with Safety issues, especially as relates to fire protection, safe egress, etc.

Updated on a 3 year cycle.

An Occupancy Code, not a Building Code

Building Codes are primarily construction standards - they are not really very useful or applicable as condition assessment standards.

Life Safety Code – NFPA 101


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International Property Maintenance Code

  • Provides standards for maintenance

  • An International Code Council (ICC)

    product

  • Once again, condition assessments are not primarily looking for building code violations, instead they are more targeted to upkeep and condition, so this code is very applicable


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OSHA Standards for Workplace Safety

  • Although not the major focus, this certainly is a standard you should have some familiarity with.

  • Covers almost any type of workplace situation you are likely to encounter.

  • http://www.osha.gov/pls/oshaweb/owastand. display_standard_group?p_toc_level=1&p_ part_number=1910


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Others Related to Employee H&S

  • Forest Service Health and Safety Code Handbook http://fsweb.wo.fs.fed.us/directives/fsh/6709.11/

  • Quarters Rental Handbook http://fsweb.wo.fs.fed.us/directives/fsh/6409.11/


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Accessibility Standards – ADA/ABA

  • ADA/ABA is concerned with adequate clearances, slopes, heights, etc. to allow a wide diversity of users to be able to manipulate controls and devices and negotiate routes

  • Correcting deficiencies related to accessibility may or may not be a component of DM

  • If it should have been accomplished post-1968 through construction or acquisition then it is DM

  • If it has been identified as needed to correct pre-1968 construction, purchase or alteration then it is considered to be Capital Investment

  • Available on-line at http://www.access-board.gov/


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Example of Parking Space and Entrance not meeting Accessibility Standards

Nice new accessible sidewalk, but no curb cut.


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Historic Preservation Requirements

  • Executive Orders, such as “Preserve America” require the agency to protect significant cultural resources that it owns and manages.

  • Secretary of Interior’s Rehabilitation Standards may apply – Visit the following web site:

  • http://www.nps.gov/history/hps/tps/tax/rhb/stand.htm

  • Coordination with SHPO is usually required.

  • Conflicts with ADA and other standards must be addressed.


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Retrofit of Historic Structure

Often requires coordination with State Historic Preservation Officer.


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Lead-Based Paint

  • MTDC provides a good review of lead based paint legislation

  • Visit:

    http://www.fs.fed.us/eng/pubs/htmlpubs/htm96712354/index.htm

A typical lead paint situation might be peeling paint on windows, doors and trim on an older building such as this one. This is especially a concern if the building is to be occupied by a family having small children.


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Asbestos

  • Applicable OSHA standards can be found at the following web site: http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/asbestos/standards.html

  • Cleanup liability needs to be recorded for each facility


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Mold

  • Information available at the following sites

    http://fsweb.mtdc.wo.fs.fed.us/toolbox/haz/haz04.htm

    http://www.inspect-ny.com/sickhouse.htm


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Hazardous Materials Use and Storage

  • Everyday Hazmat User’s Training Guide http://fsweb.mtdc.wo.fs.fed.us/everyday_hazmat/users_guide.htm


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Funds Available for Bldg Maintenance

  • From Appropriations Handbook

    (FSH 6509.11g):

    • CP09 – for admin and research facilities

    • CMFC – for maintaining recreation facilities and constructing all facilities over $250,000

    • CMII – for addressing deferred maintenance

    • RSI – for DM on recreation fee sites, next 5 years

    • QMQM – for quarters


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Funds for Maintenance of Facilities

41.10e - Maintenance of Facilities – CMFC & CP09

  • Includes both annual and deferred maintenance on all facilities in the Forest Service inventory, such as:

    1. Administrative sites, offices, service and general purpose storage buildings, warehouses, recreation facilities, research facilities, nursery and tree improvement buildings, airports, heliports, lookout towers, fire management facilities, dams and fences;

    2. Associated sewer, water, electrical, and telephone systems; and other related facilities.

    3. Do not charge CMFC for maintenance of special purpose buildings and equipment, such as:

    a. Maintenance of radios and the radio system that are charged through the

    cost allocation process.

    b. Maintenance of general-purpose buildings when a significant portion of

    the building benefits other funds, such as Knutson-Vandenberg (K-V), brush

    disposal (BD), or salvage sales.


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Use of CP09 Funds (from PBA)

  • Funds are to be used for maintenance, repair and disposal of admin buildings, major visitor centers, water and wastewater, dams, fire facilities, etc. not associatedwith developed recreation sites.

  • Focus funds to maintain mission critical facilities (identified in FRPP) in good condition.

  • It is not expected that funds will be returned to where they are collected in the same proportion, CP09 is just an assessment system for maintaining non-recreation facilities in general.


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Use of NFRW Funds

31.13 – Recreation/Heritage/Wilderness (NFRW)

  • Use NFRW for the management and operation of developed and general forest recreation sites and activities; communication/education/interpretation of all Recreation, Heritage and Wilderness programs; administration of recreation special use permits; management of Congressionally designated areas, Wild and Scenic Rivers, and National Forest designated Scenic Byways; visual resources management; management of wilderness resources; and the management of heritage resources.


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Use of CMFC Funds

41.10 - Facilities Capital Improvement and Maintenance (CMFC)

  • This program is for any capital improvement project or the maintenance of facilities already in existence in the Forest Service’s inventory of assets or intended to be included in the inventory of assets.


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Additional Direction from PBA Primary Purpose Guide


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Funding Balance Sheet

  • Agency Facility Maintenance Need (annually):

    • Based on 2-4% of CRV =

    • 0.03 * 5.4 billion = $162 million (buildings only)

  • Agency Facility DM = $460 million

  • 2008 Funds Available for Maintenance work

    • CPO9 = $43.6 million assessed ($45 million ceiling)

    • CMFC Maintenance (FY08) = $59.8 million

    • QMQM (FY08) = $8.1 million

    • Totals ((08) = $111 million (buildings, water, wastewater, dams, air tanker bases, etc.)


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Comments

  • Our buildings are not typical, maybe 4-6% is more typical due to harsh exposures, remote environments, etc.

  • CP09 covers dams, water and wastewater systems, and other administrative facilities as well as buildings

  • CMFC covers all recreation facilities, not just buildings


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What does this mean in words?

From the 2005 Building Block Plan (agency’s portion of USDA’s asset management plan):


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Political Climate Related to Facility Management

OIG Audits, Agency Action Plans, Funding


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OIG Report of June 1998


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OIG Report of July 1998


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Forest Service Response

  • Protocols were developed to address the concerns highlighted by the OIG reports

  • Between 1998 and 2005 the agency conducted condition assessments and input the data into INFRA covering some 122,727 of the 145,132 assets it controlled in the categories which were audited by OIG


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OIG Audit of Forest Service’s Financial Performance of 2006

  • OIG audit 08601-02-HY

    http://www.usda.gov/oig/ webdocs/08601-02-HY.pdf


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Excerpt from the Audit’s Executive Summary:


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2007 OMB Assessment Report (PAR)

  • http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/expectmore/detail/10000450.2007.html

  • http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/expectmore/summary/10000450.2007.html


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PAR Scorecards

In 2007 USDA still has a red in financial performance

In 2001 almost every agency was “red”


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Specifically for the FS What did the PAR indicate? What does the Red mean?

The Forest Service is unable to accurately and completely determine the current condition of facilities, roads, and trails and the estimated cost to correct any deficiencies. The lack of accurate condition Assessments leads to instances where funds are not provided to best meet program needs and purposes.


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Agency Action Plan

  • http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/expectmore/summary/10000450.2007.html

  • Related to the task at hand (condition Assessments) the Forest Service agreed to the following:


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Break

15 Minutes


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