Allies turn the tide pacific
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Allies turn the Tide -Pacific. Section 24.1 and 24.3. Objectives. Evaluate the importance of the Battle of Midway Understand why the Americans took a two pronged attack towards Japan Relate the battles of Iwo Jima and Okinawa in relation to our decision to drop the Atomic Bomb.

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Allies turn the Tide -Pacific

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Allies turn the tide pacific

Allies turn the Tide -Pacific

Section 24.1 and 24.3


Objectives

Objectives

Evaluate the importance of the Battle of Midway

Understand why the Americans took a two pronged attack towards Japan

Relate the battles of Iwo Jima and Okinawa in relation to our decision to drop the Atomic Bomb


Following pearl harbor

Following Pearl Harbor

  • Japanese take

    • Philippines

    • Malaya

    • Dutch East Indies

    • Hong Kong

    • Wake Island

    • Guam

    • Burma


America fights back

America Fights Back

Doolittle Raid

Battle of Coral Sea


Japan sets sights on midway

Japan sets sights on Midway


Japan sets sights on midway1

Japan sets sights on Midway

Commander of Japanese forces in the Pacific – Admiral Yamamoto

Sought to destroy American Aircraft Carriers stationed at Midway

Chester Nimitz – Commander of US Navy in the Pacific intercepted the Japanese battle plans for Midway


Battle of midway island

Battle of Midway Island

  • June 4th, 1942

  • Most important Naval battle of WWII

  • Japanese lost 4 aircraft carriers

    • US only lost 1

  • The Battle of Midway Island was a major turning point in the war

    • Japanese forced on the defensive


Approach to japan

Approach to Japan

  • Island Hopping

    • Capturing each island along the way to Japan

    • Initial strategy in the Pacific

  • Leap-Frogging

    • Only capturing important strategic islands

    • Became dominant strategy as the war went on


Approach to japan1

Approach to Japan

  • Opposing ideas

    • Douglas MacArthur

    • Chester Nimitz

  • MacArthur wanted to retake the Philippines

  • Nimitz wanted to take Taiwan

  • Roosevelt agreed with MacArthur


Japanese resistance

Japanese Resistance

  • Incredibly fierce fighters

    • Surrender was not an option

    • Japanese casualties were very high due to unwillingness to surrender

  • Kamikaze Pilots

    • Deliberately crashing planes into enemy personnel


Iwo jima

Iwo Jima

February-March 1945

5 mile long island, 650 miles from Tokyo

7,000 American deaths

19,000 Japanese deaths


Okinawa

Okinawa

  • April 1945

  • Island only 340 miles from Japanese mainland

  • Contained a vital airbase, necessary for an invasion of Japan

  • Bloodiest battle in the Pacific

  • 12,000 American deaths

  • 95,000 Japanese deaths

  • 40,000-100,000 civilians killed


Fire bombing of tokyo

Fire Bombing of Tokyo

  • Following Okinawa, Japan was easily reachable by American bombers

  • In March 1945, Tokyo was firebombed

    • 16 square miles of Tokyo was destroyed

    • 83,000 Japanese died, over 100,000 were injured


For monday

For Monday

  • Interpret whether or not you think the Japanese were trying to end the war

  • Considering the casualty rates from previous battles in the Pacific, how good is Japanese morale at this point?

  • In August of 1945, American bombers dropped two Atomic Bombs on Japan, ending the war.

    • Write down at least two arguments why or why not we should have dropped the bombs


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