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Allies turn the Tide -Pacific. Section 24.1 and 24.3. Objectives. Evaluate the importance of the Battle of Midway Understand why the Americans took a two pronged attack towards Japan Relate the battles of Iwo Jima and Okinawa in relation to our decision to drop the Atomic Bomb.

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Allies turn the tide pacific

Allies turn the Tide -Pacific

Section 24.1 and 24.3


Objectives
Objectives

Evaluate the importance of the Battle of Midway

Understand why the Americans took a two pronged attack towards Japan

Relate the battles of Iwo Jima and Okinawa in relation to our decision to drop the Atomic Bomb


Following pearl harbor
Following Pearl Harbor

  • Japanese take

    • Philippines

    • Malaya

    • Dutch East Indies

    • Hong Kong

    • Wake Island

    • Guam

    • Burma


America fights back
America Fights Back

Doolittle Raid

Battle of Coral Sea



Japan sets sights on midway1
Japan sets sights on Midway

Commander of Japanese forces in the Pacific – Admiral Yamamoto

Sought to destroy American Aircraft Carriers stationed at Midway

Chester Nimitz – Commander of US Navy in the Pacific intercepted the Japanese battle plans for Midway


Battle of midway island
Battle of Midway Island

  • June 4th, 1942

  • Most important Naval battle of WWII

  • Japanese lost 4 aircraft carriers

    • US only lost 1

  • The Battle of Midway Island was a major turning point in the war

    • Japanese forced on the defensive


Approach to japan
Approach to Japan

  • Island Hopping

    • Capturing each island along the way to Japan

    • Initial strategy in the Pacific

  • Leap-Frogging

    • Only capturing important strategic islands

    • Became dominant strategy as the war went on


Approach to japan1
Approach to Japan

  • Opposing ideas

    • Douglas MacArthur

    • Chester Nimitz

  • MacArthur wanted to retake the Philippines

  • Nimitz wanted to take Taiwan

  • Roosevelt agreed with MacArthur


Japanese resistance
Japanese Resistance

  • Incredibly fierce fighters

    • Surrender was not an option

    • Japanese casualties were very high due to unwillingness to surrender

  • Kamikaze Pilots

    • Deliberately crashing planes into enemy personnel


Iwo jima
Iwo Jima

February-March 1945

5 mile long island, 650 miles from Tokyo

7,000 American deaths

19,000 Japanese deaths


Okinawa
Okinawa

  • April 1945

  • Island only 340 miles from Japanese mainland

  • Contained a vital airbase, necessary for an invasion of Japan

  • Bloodiest battle in the Pacific

  • 12,000 American deaths

  • 95,000 Japanese deaths

  • 40,000-100,000 civilians killed


Fire bombing of tokyo
Fire Bombing of Tokyo

  • Following Okinawa, Japan was easily reachable by American bombers

  • In March 1945, Tokyo was firebombed

    • 16 square miles of Tokyo was destroyed

    • 83,000 Japanese died, over 100,000 were injured


For monday
For Monday

  • Interpret whether or not you think the Japanese were trying to end the war

  • Considering the casualty rates from previous battles in the Pacific, how good is Japanese morale at this point?

  • In August of 1945, American bombers dropped two Atomic Bombs on Japan, ending the war.

    • Write down at least two arguments why or why not we should have dropped the bombs


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