The journalist the germ the test tube and the public
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The journalist, the germ, the test tube and the public. Julia Royall Chief, International Programs U.S. National Library of Medicine Fulbright Scholar to Uganda Presented to: Uganda Health Communication Alliance May 21, 2008. National Library of Medicine (NLM).

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The journalist, the germ, the test tube and the public

Julia Royall

Chief, International Programs

U.S. National Library of Medicine

Fulbright Scholar to Uganda

Presented to:

Uganda Health Communication Alliance

May 21, 2008


National Library of Medicine (NLM)

Largest biomedical library in the world.

Premiere database in medicine: MEDLINE

Peer reviewed, no advertising, no passwords, free to the world


Collaboration with Albert Cook Library and Faculty of Medicine

History here

Training undergraduate medical students

Training graduate students to assist with thesis writing

Training clinical officers, nurses, and faculty at local research sites and clinical trials

Training students, faculty, and researchers at Gulu Medical School

Access to fulltext through various programs


Some challenges and basics before we begin…….


Types of Disease

Infectious Disease

Chronic Disease

Diseases of Ageing – life span increases, so does chronic disease

20-80: 20% of the people in the world who die, die of nfectious disease; the other 80% die of other things

10-90: funding and research publication


Epidemics vs Prevention

Something out there to get us vs things we can do to help ourselves and take charge of our own health

75% “epidemics” in Uganda related to sanitation and hygiene


Follow the money…..

MU 10 years ago – small focus on malaria

Now everyone is there on HIV/AIDS, malaria, TB:

Has the disease gotten worse – probably not, but money has increased

Question to ask: What difference has money made


Uganda

What are top 10 disease burdens according to Ministry of Health?

How about chronic diseases?

(check out private clinics)


Approach


News

Outbreaks

Drugs

Health system

Scandals


What might interest the public?

What you can do to help yourself

Basics

Clearing up a misconception

New research that can help you

What research going on in Uganda is of interest to country, world

Local/national issues surrounding health care – comparison with other countries in EA


Criticize

Praise

Investigate


Information you can trust

Problem with Google and Wikipedia

What to look for:

Is the article/info peer reviewed?

Is there advertising in the journal/website?

Does the info/article come from a reputable source

Info from NLM:

Vetted and updated daily

No password required

Free to all


NLM Home Page – www.nlm.nih.gov

List of NLM

databases


NLM Home Page

List of NLM Databases – click on NLM Gateway


NLM Gateway


NLM Gateway

Uganda and ebola


NLM Gateway

Uganda and ebola


NLM Gateway

ebola


NLM Gateway

ebola


NLM Gateway to Bookshelf

ebola


NLM Gateway

ebola


NLM Gateway to ClinicalTrials.gov

ebola


MedlinePlus – www.medlineplus.gov


MedlinePlus


MedlinePlus – Health Topics


MedlinePlus


MedlinePlus - Encyclopedia


MedlinePlus - Encyclopedia

Malaria


MedlinePlus - Encyclopedia

Malaria


MedlinePlus


MedlinePlus - Drugs

Search for coartem - combination drug therapy for malaria


MedlinePlus - Drugs

Coartem not found - not approved by FDA


Drugs


Drugs


Drugs


Drugs


MedlinePlus - Surgeries


MedlinePlus - Surgeries


MedlinePlus - Surgeries


Clinical Trials


MedlinePlus – ClinicalTrials.gov


Clinical Trials


Clinical Trials - search prostitution AND Uganda


Clinical Trials – search STIs AND Uganda


Clinical Trials – p. 1


Clinical Trials


Clinical Trials


Clinical Trials


Clinical Trials


Clinical Trials – Link to Fulltext


Clinical Trials


Clinical Trials


Interactive Tutorials


MedlinePlus African Tutorial on Malariawww.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/africa


MedlinePlus African Tutorial on Malaria


Genetics Home Reference


NLM Home Page – www.nlm.nih.gov

List of NLM

databases


Genetics Home Reference – go to Genetic Conditions


Genetics Home Reference – Select Sickle Cell


Genetics Home Reference – p. 1


Genetics Home Reference


Genetics Home Reference


Genetics Home Reference


Genetics Home Reference


Genetics Home Reference – go to Genes


Genetics Home Reference


Genetics Home Reference


Bookshelf


Bookshelf – go back to database list on NLM home page


Bookshelf


Bookshelf

Cancer in Uganda


Bookshelf

Cervical cancer


Bookshelf

Cervical cancer


Medline


Medline

Click on

PubMed

on right


Medline


Medline

75% of epidemics are result of poor sanitation and hygiene

Search for personal hygiene and Uganda


Medline


Medline

Search for traffic accidents and Uganda


Medline

Look at icons on left for full text


Medline

Look at icons on left for full text

Free full text:click icon for

Full text


Medline

Look at icons on left for full text

Has abstract:

Click to see if

it might be of

interest


Medline

Look at icons on left for full text

Have no abstract BUTAlbert Cook Library may

have them in their collection

or be able to get them for you

through one of their services


Free Full Texts


PubMed Central


PubMed Central


PubMed Central


PubMed Central – search HPV AND Uganda


PubMed Central


PubMed Central


HINARI – need password from Albert Cook

www.healthinternetwork.org


Free Full Texts

Click on

Full-text

journals


Free Full Texts


More Free Full Texts – don’t require password

See bottom right:

Free collections


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