Parts of Speech
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Parts of Speech. Noun. Sentence! Ooh…Aah!. Verb. Verb. Noun. MENU. Pronoun. Adverb. Adjective. Preposition. Interjection. Conjunction. Nouns!. There are 6 types of nouns: A noun is the subject of a sentence. A person, place ,thing or idea.

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Parts of Speech

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Parts of Speech

Noun

Sentence!

Ooh…Aah!

Verb


Verb

Noun

MENU

Pronoun

Adverb

Adjective

Preposition

Interjection

Conjunction


Nouns!

There are 6 types of nouns:

A noun is the subject of a sentence.

A person, place ,thing or idea.

Common- Names any noun - it is a regular noun and very general.

Examples: Student, book, mountain, company, city.

Proper- Names a specific noun. Capitalized.

Examples: Boise, Ms. C., Rocky Mountains, Sprint.


Nouns!

Collective- One word for a group.

Examples: Team, class, jury.

Compound- Two or more words.

Examples: Basketball, fire fighter, baseball.


Nouns!

Concrete- can be touched.

Examples: Pencil, sky, folder, tree.

Abstract- An idea or feeling that can not be touched.

Examples: Happy, love, freedom.


Identify these nouns:

grass

Texas

crowd

soccer

anger

teacher

fireworks

team

Superman

Practice


  • Give a proper noun for these common nouns:

  • School

  • Street

  • Book

  • City

  • Football team

  • Restaurant

  • T.V. show


  • Nouns page 31-32

  • A

  • Underline nouns:

  • Max helped Joe with his homework.

  • B

  • Common or Proper

  • C P

  • On Wednesday we drove to Boise to see a movie.

  • C =don’t do


  • Page 32

  • A

  • At Sawtooth Middle School the class that brings in the most box tops wins a prize.

  • Proper_____________

  • Collective__________

  • B

  • The girl traveled to the new town.

  • SWEET!


Pronouns

  • Pronoun- a word used in place of a noun. NEVER A NOUN!

  • Antecedent- the word the pronoun takes the place of.

    • Ex: Fred missed the bus so he was late.

    • Ex: Death Valley- it is mysterious.


Pronouns

  • *Personal pronouns- a regular pronoun.

    • Singular: I, you, he, she, it

    • Plural: We, they, them, us

      Pg. 59 Ex A write sentence.

      Underline pronouns


Pronouns

  • Possessive pronouns- used to show ownership.

    • Ex: Their clothes, Your coat, MINE, HIS, HERS.

      NOT…you’re= you are

      they’re=they are


Pronouns

  • Interrogative- used to start a question.

    • Ex: who, what, when, where, why, which.

    • Ex: Who knows the answer? What page?


Pronouns

  • Demonstrative- points out a person, place, thing, or idea.

    • Ex: This is our game. That book…

      Plural- these, those


Pronouns Review

  • Name what KIND of pronoun the following are:

  • You ~ Personal

  • This

  • Hers

  • They

  • I

  • It

  • We

  • Our


Pronoun Review

  • Their

  • He

  • She

  • What

  • Mine

  • You’re

  • Where

  • Who


Language Book

  • Page 59

  • A 1-10

  • Write sentence! Always! Underline pronouns.

  • Page 60

  • B

  • Write paragraph, change nouns to pronouns.

  • SWEET!


Pronouns Worksheet

  • Page 47-48

  • A

  • Underline pronouns:

  • Have you ever been to California?

  • B

  • Replace nouns with pronouns

  • The Pilgrims were grateful.


Pronouns Worksheet

  • Page 48

  • A

  • Write paragraph, replace nouns with pronouns.

  • B

  • Write a diary entry, use many pronouns.

  • AWESOME!


Verb Sub-Menu

Linking Verbs

Action Verbs

Helping Verbs


Identify these as mental or visible action verbs:

hop

typed

hope

lift

touched

laughed

think

worry

Practice


Verb Pre-Test

  • 1. Write the definition of an action verb.

  • 2. List all three kinds of verbs.

  • 3. The word “was” is what kind of verb?

  • 4. The word “sing’” is what kind of verb?


Verbs are Awesome

  • Action Verbs: show action. You can actually do it.

    Ex: Jumped, run, think, lift, laugh, walked, write, carry.


Verbs

  • *Mental action verbs: show action, but you can not see them.

    Ex: Wonder, remember, expect, think


Verbs

  • Visible Action Verbs: show action and you can see them.

    • Ex: run, jump, write


Auxillary Verbs can be linking or helpingMEMORIZE!

Basic 5- is, am, are, was, were

B’s- be, being, been

D’s- do, does, did

H’s- has, have, had


Auxillary Verbs

M’s- may, might, must

-ould’s- could, should, would

Misc.- can, shall, will


  • Linking Verbs

  • Connect a noun/ pronoun to a word that describes it (in the predicate). Always alone or with another linking verb. NEVER WITH ACTION VERBS!


HINT!

  • Find linking verb (s) look after them to see if there is an action verb.

  • No action verb = linking

  • Yes action verb = changes name to helping

  • They are buddies!


Linking Verbs

Ms. C. is happy.

We were joyful after we won our game.

Max was happy after the good news.


Linking Verbs

*Linking verbs are also called auxillary verbs because they can be linking or helping.

-Ex: New York is a city.

Fred was thrilled.

The food tasted good.


The Linking Verb Test

Tina felt weak.

Substitute is, am, are, for the underlined verb.


Linking Verb Test

  • Tina (is) weak?

  • If it makes sense then it is a linking verb.

  • Zelda felt the cloth.

  • Zelda (is) the cloth? Ha, ha.


FIND and IDENTIFY VERBS

  • I wrote that story.

  • I am hungry.

  • I was running away.

  • He was fast!

  • I can be strong!

  • Down the street he walked.

  • We are awesome!


Linking Verbs!

  • Linking Verbs link one word to a description.

  • The room was cold.

  • A movie is a difficult project.


  • The student was being respectful.

  • The food tasted good.

  • We are happy.


The office sends call slips for students.

We have been watching a great movie.


Zelda was joyful.

We could have been the winners.

The tree is beautiful.


Helping Verbs:

Added before or after an action verb to make a verb phrase ( a group of verbs ).

*a linking verb with an action verb changes it’s name to “helping.”


Helping Verbs

  • Is running

  • Was swimming

  • Could be skipping

  • Should have been writing

  • Vs. She is happy.


Identify these as linking or helping verbs:

Zelda has a cold.

Max was playing basketball.

We werebeing zany.

The students are writing their essays.

Practice


Helping or linking?

  • Ex: The plant is growing very fast.

  • The plant is green.

  • The dog is cute.

  • The dog is _________ after the car.

  • The boy was happy.

  • The boy was _________ because he was happy.


TIME TO PLAY…

  • Ms. C.’s awesome Verb GAME!


Class Copy

  • Judy sang a song for the talent show.

  • We should leave soon.

  • Zelda ran to the football field.

  • I am hungry by lunchtime.

  • Ms. C. was happy.

  • Ms. C. was teaching an awesome lesson.

  • We could have won the game!


VerbsAwesome Review:

  • 1. A word that expresses an action is called a/an

  • 2. We talked on the phone.

    Name the verb and what kind of verb it is.

  • 3. The teacher corrects all of the late assignments.

    What is the verb?:

    A: corrects all C: teachers

    B: of D: corrects


VerbsAwesome Review:

  • 4. Adverbs end in .

  • 5. Adverbs describe or “modify”, , or .

  • 6. We walked down the dark street quickly because it was spooky.

    Name the adverb.

  • 7. Adjectives describe .


VerbsAwesome Review!

  • 8. Ms. C. happily held up her bright, new pen.

    List the adjectives.

  • 9. List all of the auxillary verbs.

    GO!


VerbsAwesome Review:

  • Ms. C is happy.

  • The word ‘is’ links what two words?Choose the group of words that contains only the basic 5 auxillary verbs:

  • Is that was were she

  • Was were can shall will

  • Is am are was were


  • SURVIVOR REVIEW!

  • Dun, dun, duh!


Adjective and Adverb Pre- Test

1. Adjectives describe what part of speech?

2. Adverbs usually end in what two letters?

3. Adverbs describe what part of speech?


Adjective

  • An adjective is a word that modifies (describes) a noun or pronoun.

  • Examples: cold room, stormy weather, golden sun, bright light, soft sweater, wonderful job, happy dude.


Adjective

  • Questions to ask:

    • What kind? Fast riders.

    • Which one? First lap.

    • How many? Five teams.

    • How much? More applause.

  • Nouns can be adjectives: Examples: dirt road, glass window.


Identify these:

pink

this

soft

delicious

love

fantastic

spooky

mine

is

Practice


Adverbs

An adverb is a word that modifies (describes) a verb, adjective, or other adverb.

Ex:

Sang loudly

Quickly ran


Intensifiers:

Adverbs that modify adjectives and other adverbs.

We very quietly finished our awesome assignment.

The student wore an extremely bright shirt.


  • Examples:

  • I strongly believe that students shouldshow respect.

  • Ancient Chinese warriors fired very powerful rockets.

  • She almost always turns her work in on time.


  • Questions to ask:

  • How? Jimmy sings loudly.

  • When? Zelda sometimes walks.

  • Where? She spilled everywhere.

  • To what extent? We are extremely fortunate.


  • Write about two characters in rain:

  • Cold prickly

  • Soggy sharply

  • Hearty steadily

  • Soothing gently

  • Cool quietly

  • Clean briefly

  • Clear softly


Pre-test

  • Write a word that is a conjunction.

  • Write the definition of a preposition.

  • What do interjections show?


Prepositions

  • Shows position in time or place/space.

    • Ex: Under, after, in, during, through


Practice

  • We very quickly walked in the cafeteria.

  • Ms. C. gave directions before the awesome quiz.

  • During break amazing girls chat with their friends.


Interjections

  • Shows emotion

    • Ex- Hey! Wow! No, ugh, well,


Coordinating Conjunctions

  • Used to join words or sentences

    • And, but, for, nor, or, yet, so


Articles

  • Only the words

    • A, an, the

    • They name a thing

      • A ball

      • An idea


Practice

  • Denton was keeping score during class.

  • Ms. C. is happy.

  • Wow, Ms. C. very quickly ran to the store.


Practice

  • *


Parts of Speech Review

  • *


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