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Dealing with Differences Personality Types for Team Building One Day Training Tara Vandana HR and Organisational Development Directorate. Overview. Introductions Purpose of the Day Expectations, Hopes and Fears Ground Rules Housekeeping Structure of the Day. Objectives.

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Dealing with Differences Personality Types for Team Building One Day Training Tara Vandana

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Dealing with differences personality types for team building one day training tara vandana

Dealing with Differences

Personality Types

for Team Building

One Day Training

Tara Vandana

HR and Organisational Development Directorate


Overview

Overview

  • Introductions

  • Purpose of the Day

  • Expectations, Hopes and Fears

  • Ground Rules

  • Housekeeping

  • Structure of the Day


Objectives

Objectives

By the end of the day you will ..

  • know about the MBTI instrument and how it can assist us in gaining a greater understanding of ourselves and others

  • discover that people communicate and make decisions about things in different ways

  • know your own MBTI profile

  • have an appreciation of the difference between your MBTI and your colleagues’ preferences

  • have the knowledge to work more effectively together as a group


What are your expectations hopes and fears

What are your Expectations, Hopes and Fears?


Ground rules

Ground Rules

  • Confidentiality

  • Openness within group

  • Being open to new ideas and concepts

  • Everyone’s input is equally valued

  • Speak up if you don’t understand anything

  • Respect difference

  • Be supportive of each other


Housekeeping

Housekeeping


Structure of day

Structure of Day

  • History/Background of MBTI

  • You self-assess your personality type

  • You work out your reported type from the completed questionnaire

  • You decide your best-fit MBTI type

  • Group Type Exercises to understand each other


Mbti history

MBTI History

Isabel Myers

1897 -1980

Katherine Briggs

1875 - 1968

Carl Jung

Theory of Pyschological Types 1923’

Personality Inventory 1942

60 Years of Research!


What is the mbti

What is the MBTI?

  • Practical application of Jung’s theories

  • Deals with natural preferences

  • Tool to sort our preferences within 4 sets of psychological opposites

  • It looks at how we prefer to deal with outside world, trust information, make decisions & structure our lives

  • It is not about skills, ability or behaviour

  • No personality type is better or worse – each has its own gifts


What is it used for

What is it used for?

  • Personal and spiritual development

  • Team awareness and development

  • Communication

  • Conflict

  • Managing Stress

  • Counselling

  • Careers

  • Management of Change


Mbti preferences

MBTI: Preferences

  • Natural instinct to select one over another

  • More comfortable / natural

  • More developed

  • Causes least stress

  • People have different

    preferences but all are

    valuable & normal


Quick exercise preferences

Quick Exercise: Preferences


8 dichotomies explained

8 Dichotomies explained

How we channel Energy

ExtraversionIntroversion

How we take in Information

SensingIntuition

How we make decisions

ThinkingFeeling

Our lifestyle (orientation to external world)

JudgingPerceiving


Dealing with differences personality types for team building one day training tara vandana

Each of us is capable of using all parts of our personality.

Good development is not about achieving balance…

… but developing excellence in our preferences


Dealing with differences personality types for team building one day training tara vandana

The questionnaire is used to sort your preferences into “type” or categories .

Each of us is capable of using all parts of our personality but the questionnaire forces us to make a choice. . .


E extroversion i introversion

E (Extroversion) & I (Introversion)

  • This describes the two opposite preferences for the way we get our energy/focus our attention.

    E: A preference for focusing on the outer world of people and surroundings

    I:A preference to focus on the inner world


E i key words

E – IKey Words


Dealing with differences personality types for team building one day training tara vandana

E - I

What is your ideal weekend break?


Dealing with differences personality types for team building one day training tara vandana

E - I

Trainer A reported that when there was silence

in groups he was teaching he became

uncomfortable because he saw it as dead time

– this came as a great surprise to trainer B

who saw silent time as very much alive

Which trainer would you say has a preference

for introversion and which trainer has a

preference for extroversion?


Dealing with differences personality types for team building one day training tara vandana

E - I

If you are low on energy how do you recharge

your batteries?


E i recap

People who prefer Extraversion…

Focus their energy and attention outwardly

Are interested in the world of people and things

Receive energy from interacting with people and from taking action

People who prefer introversion…

Focus their energy and attention inwardly

Are interested in the world of thoughts and reflections

Receive energy from within themselves

E & I Recap

We all live in both worlds (use both preferences) but not equally well or easily


Dealing with differences personality types for team building one day training tara vandana

Given the choice which do you prefer?

Extraversion or IntroversionHow clear are you about your preference?E ? IClear Moderate Slight Slight Moderate Clear


S sensing n i n tuition

S (Sensing) & N (Intuition)

This scale shows the type of information we

prefer to pay attention to

S: is a preference for using information from the here and now and from experience

N: is a preference for meaning and associations of information and patterns


Dealing with differences personality types for team building one day training tara vandana

S - N

Sensing types trust their five senses

to discern what is actually there

Intuition looks at the big picture

through association, patterns

and meaning


S n key words

S – N Key Words


What do you see

What do you see?


Dealing with differences personality types for team building one day training tara vandana

S- N

Photographer A and B are both taking a photo outside a window. Photographer A wants to capture the detail of what’s outside the window, so zooms in to capture the specific detail of the trees and cars. Photographer B wants to capture the entire view outside the window so zooms out to capture the sky and ground

Which photographer would you say has a preference

for sensing and which has a

preference for intuition?


Dealing with differences personality types for team building one day training tara vandana

S - N

Now think about your favourite bar, coffee shop

or restaurant.

Turn to the person next to you and tell them about the place


Dealing with differences personality types for team building one day training tara vandana

S - N

Both methods of gathering information are very important:


Dealing with differences personality types for team building one day training tara vandana

S - N

  • Sensing types tend to notice detail and give concise and brief descriptions

  • Intuitive types tend to report myths and concepts associated with the picture, tell what the picture is like or means to them and their descriptions tend to be longer and broader – string of ideas

  • How much do you rely on facts and how far do you rely on hunches or intuitions?


S n summary

Sensing types sees the trees

Intuitive types see the forest

S – N Summary

We all use both preferences in taking in Information but not equally well or as easily


Dealing with differences personality types for team building one day training tara vandana

When taking in information are you more comfortable with?

Sensing or IntuitionHow clear are you about your preference?S ? N Moderate Slight Slight Moderate Clear


T thinking f feeling

T (thinking) & F (Feeling)

This scale shows how we prefer to make

decisions or form conclusions

T: thinking people tend to weigh up all the provable evidence and make decisions based on objective analysis. They seek truth/justice.

F: Feeling people make decisions based on personal feeling and values. They seek harmony from decision.

Both processes are based on reason. We use both of them, but not equally well or easily


T f key words

T – FKey Words


T f differences

T - FDifferences


Dealing with differences personality types for team building one day training tara vandana

T - F

A friend asks two colleagues the same question: ‘what’s going on at work at the moment?’. Colleague A started talking about the tasks involved in her work. Colleague B started talking about relationships at work.

Which colleague would you say has a preference for thinking and which colleague has a preference for feeling?


Dealing with differences personality types for team building one day training tara vandana

T - F

With your neighbour I would like you to discuss what you say if your friend rang you up to say her house had been burgled. You have 3 minutes.


Dealing with differences personality types for team building one day training tara vandana

T - F

Thinking types tend to try and solve the

problem or encourage their friend into problem

solving mode, try to establish facts, weight up

pros and cons, step out of the situation for

objectivity

Feeling types tend to listen and empathise, help the

person express their feelings, be supportive, step into

the situation with the friend


Dealing with differences personality types for team building one day training tara vandana

T - F

  • Are you most comfortable making decisions by stepping out of the situation to obtain a clear and objective view OR most comfortable making decisions stepping into the situation in order to weigh it in terms of person centred values?

  • Where would you put yourself on your self assessment T-F line?


Dealing with differences personality types for team building one day training tara vandana

When making decision are you more?

Thinking or FeelingHow clear are you about your preference?T ? FClear Moderate Slight Slight Moderate Clear


J judging and p perceiving

J (Judging) and P (Perceiving)

The J-P scale indicates our preference for how we like to orient ourselves to the outside world

J: . People with a judging preference like to make decisions, come to closure, then move ahead

P: Perceiving people like to leave things open to possibilities


J p key words

J - PKey Words


Dealing with differences personality types for team building one day training tara vandana

Like to make plans and follow them

Prefer to get things settled and finished

Prefer environments with structure

Enjoy being decisive and organising others

Handle deadlines and time limits well

Don’t like surprises - have a contingency

Plan ahead to avoid last minute rushes

Adapt well to changing situations and like to respond resourcefully

Prefer to leave things open and are flexible

May not like making decisions, even when pressed - leave options open for more info.

High tolerance for surprises - adjust to arising situations

Feel energised by last-minute pressures

J P


Dealing with differences personality types for team building one day training tara vandana

J - P

Think about these two statements:

  • If you don’t know where you are going you will never get there

  • If you don’t know where you are going you might end up somewhere more interestingWhich statement would you say comes from someone with a preference for judging and which comes from someone with a preference for perceiving


Dealing with differences personality types for team building one day training tara vandana

Task set

Deadline

Task set

Deadline

J - P

  • Which resonates the most with you?

    • Seek to establish closure and order in external world, prefer to start in good time, plan ahead and stick to plan, dislike last minute rushes, enjoy finishing ahead of deadline

    • Seek to gather information, and explore the external world, prefer to allow action to emerge and enjoy following own line of interest, deadlines force disclosure, often very productive at last minute


Dealing with differences personality types for team building one day training tara vandana

When given a choice are you more ..

Judging or PerceivingHow clear are you about your preference?J ? PClear Moderate Slight Slight Moderate Clear


Self assessed type

Self Assessed Type

  • The preferences that you have chosen so far combine to give your ‘self assessed’ type.

    E or I

    S or N

    T or F

    J or P

    eg ESTP, INTJ, ENFP, INTJ etc

  • Please print your ‘self assessed type’ on your handout.


Reported type

Reported Type

  • Self Score Your Questionnaire


Best fit

Best Fit

  • Compare your reported preference with your self assessed preference

  • Remember preferences are not the same as skills – you may use one preference at work, but in an ideal world you would choose to use the other

  • The numbers indicate clarity not strength

  • Between 70 – 75% agree with their reported type

  • If your reported type and self-assessed type are the same read about your type .. Does it feel like you?


Best fit continued

Best fit continued

  • Possible reasons why the two don’t fit include: circumstances in which you completed your inventory; nature of your job; pressure from family or childhood

  • Do feel that you ‘should’ prefer one side to the other? What does this tell you?


Dealing with differences personality types for team building one day training tara vandana

The MBTI information is to create new insight

Not to fit you in a box or pigeon hole


Group exercises e i

Group Exercises E - I


Dealing with differences personality types for team building one day training tara vandana

E - I

  • In groups of extraverts and introverts discuss your ideal work environment.


Dealing with differences personality types for team building one day training tara vandana

E - I

  • For the E’s what frustrates you about the introverts on your team

  • For the I’s what frustrates you about the extroverts on the team


Group exercise s n

Group Exercise S - N


What do you see1

What do you see?


T f exercise

T – F Exercise


Dealing with differences personality types for team building one day training tara vandana

T - F

You are driving along a country road and a dear runs out in front of you and you hit it. What do you do?


Dealing with differences personality types for team building one day training tara vandana

J - P


Dealing with differences personality types for team building one day training tara vandana

J - P

Go and stand at the flipchart next to the

statement that you feel you are drawn to

  • I have to get my work done before I can play

  • I can play anytime

    Discuss in a group why you placed yourself where you did


Applying the mbti to the real world usefulness of opposite types for teams

N’s can benefit from the natural inclination of S’s to…

Bring up pertinent facts

Face realities of current situation

Apply experience to solving problems

Focus on what needs attention now

S’s can benefit from the natural inclination of N’s to…

Bring up new possibilities

Anticipate future trends

Apply insight to solving problems

Focus on Long-term goals

Applying the MBTI to the real world... Usefulness of opposite types for teams


Applying the mbti to the real world usefulness of opposite types for teams1

F’s can benefit from the natural inclination of T’s to…

Analyse situations and their implications

Hold consistently to a policy

Create rational systems

Be fair

T’s can benefit from the natural inclination of F’s to…

Forecast how others will react and feel

Make needed individual exceptions

Organise people and tasks harmoniously

Be just

Applying the MBTI to the real world. Usefulness of opposite types for teams


Nobody is crazy they are just not like you

Nobody is crazy.. They are just not like you!!


Notes

Notes

Paulette Liptrot delivered this training with Tara Vandana


The end

The End

Any Questions

Thank you


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