Empirical Validation of Music Excerpts for Investigations of Emotion and Emotion Elicitation. Chad L. Stephens, Michael M. Knepp, & Bruce H. Friedman. Introduction.
Chad L. Stephens,Michael M. Knepp, & Bruce H. Friedman
Figure 3. Group centroids of emotion condition using dimensional ASR variables. The horizontal axis (discriminant function 2) is interpreted as valence and the vertical axis (discriminant function 1) as arousal.
Figure 4. An empirically validated set of music excerpts for the discrete emotions of amusement, anger, contentment, fear, sadness, surprise, neutral, and washout.
Figure 1. The scores on all of the self-report variables differed significantly between the discrete emotion categories: Hotelling’s F (df = 7,55) ranging from 11.08 for indifferent to 52.3 for amusement (all Ps <.001).
Figure 2. The scores on all of the self-report variables differed significantly between the dimensional emotion categories: Hotelling’s F (df = 7,55) ranging from 21.32 for bad to 59.82 for excited (all Ps <.001).
Correspondence to: [email protected]
Presented at the 19th Annual Meeting of the Association for Psychological Science, Washington, DC, May 2007