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Aim: What challenges were leaders of the Allied countries forced to deal with as the war came to a close?. Title: A flawed peace and its dire consequences Do Now: 1. Discuss this question with the person next to you and be prepared to share with the class

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Title a flawed peace and its dire consequences do now

Aim: What challenges were leaders of the Allied countries forced to deal with as the war came to a close?

  • Title: A flawed peace and its dire consequences

  • Do Now:

  • 1. Discuss this question with the person next to you and be prepared to share with the class

    • a. Think of an argument or conflict you have had with someone. How did you end

    • it? Was it completely squashed, or does it

    • still come up?


Title a flawed peace and its dire consequences do now

  • OBJECTIVE I

  • Upon the conclusion of a war, major fight, what happens/occurs

  • afterwards?

  • - Students are asked to list and then examine at least two (2)

  • things that often occur/happens once a war has concluded

  • its course.

  • - If any, what problems might the differing “parties” face right

  • after the war?

  • - Can a post war era lead to another war? Why, or why not?


A flawed peace

A Flawed Peace?

Now, based on the Do Now, how likely will excess punishment lead to more misbehavior? Think carefully prior to responding.

- Always? Sometimes? Or never?


A flawed peace world war i ends

A Flawed Peace :World War I Ends

(Ch. 27. 4 – 27.5)


The allies meet at versailles

The Allies meet at Versailles

  • Delegates represented 32 different countries.

  • Russia, Germany, and Germany’s allies were not represented.

  • Most decisions were made by the big four:

    • Woodrow Wilson – U.S.

    • Georges Clemenceau – France

    • David Lloyd George – Great Britain

    • Vittorio Orlando – Italy


Title a flawed peace and its dire consequences do now

German Republic

Austria-Hungary

Ottoman Empire

  • Some countries not invited to Paris: LOSER were not welcomed to this party.. wink! wink!

Why? need to blame Germans

Why? Country to be broken up

Why? Will also be broken up – British want Mid East

Lenin & Russia

Colonies seeking Independence

Why? Traitor & don’t like communists!

Nationalist leaders not invited or asked to leave


Paris peace conference

Paris Peace Conference

1) Woodrow Wilson - USA

2) Lloyd George – Great Britain

Wants lasting peace!

Punish Germany!

  • The PPC begins in January of 1919

  • The big four goals:

1)Fourteen Points

1)German reparations

a)Self determination

2)Weaken German Army

b)League of Nations

3) Central Powers should lose territory

4) Vittorio Orlando - Italy

3) Georges Clemenceau - France

Get Anything!

1)Want land from

Austria-Hungary

Get Revenge!

1)Blame Germany for war

2)Take back territory

3) German reparations


Objective ii

OBJECTIVE II

  • Compare & contrast the Treaty of Versailles with that of Pres. Thomas Woodrow Wilson’s 14 Points.

    - Students are asked to reference their notes, HW, & textbook carefully while conducting this assignment.


Title a flawed peace and its dire consequences do now

A just and lasting peace;

An end to secret treaties

Freedom of the seas

Free Trade

Reduction of EVERYONE’S armies and navies

Self-Determination for colonies

The creation of a WORLD PEACE ORGANIZATION

Concerned with National Security

Concerned with cost of rebuilding nations’ lands

Desire to strip Germany of its war-making power

Make Germany pay!

Chapter 27 – Section 4 & 5 A FLAWED PEACEWILSON’S goal of achieving a JUST peace differed from the peace objective of FRANCE and BRITAIN

Concerns of Britain & France

Wilson's 14 Points!


Treaty of versailles

Treaty of Versailles


Treaty of versailles1

Treaty of Versailles

  • 1918: Treaty signed by Great Britain, France, United States, Italy, Germany, and Austria

  • Treaty officially ends World War I

  • Treaty decided the direction of the World After World War I


What was the treaty supposed to do

What was the Treaty Supposed To Do?

A fair peace achieved by ending secret treaties

freedom of the seas

free trade between nations

smaller militaries


What was the treaty supposed to do1

What was the Treaty Supposed To Do?

fairness towards colonized peoples

self-determination: letting colonized peoples rule themselves

League of Nations: an international world wide peace keeping organization


What did great britain and france want the treaty to do

TO PUNISH GERMANY!

Reward themselves

strip Germany of its ability to wage war,

What Did Great Britain and France Want the Treaty to Do?


Punishment for germany

Punishment for Germany

Germany lost a lot of territory!!

Germany had severe restrictions placed on its military

Germany had to pay $33 Billion in reparations to GB/Fr.

“War-Guilt Clause:”accept total blame for the war


U s president woodrow wilson

U.S. President Woodrow Wilson


Wilson s 14 points

Wilson’s 14 Points

  • President Wilson’s Plan to maintain world peace after World War I


Wilson s 14 points1

Wilson’s 14 Points

  • Included League of Nations: an international peace keeping organization


League of nations

League of Nations

  • America did not join: they didn’t want to be dragged into future European wars because of treaties or alliances

  • Without U.S. support the League of Nations was unable to take action in various problems and disputes around the world


Title a flawed peace and its dire consequences do now

  • What does this political cartoon suggest about the League of Nations?


Title a flawed peace and its dire consequences do now

  • What does this political cartoon suggest about the League of Nations?

The cartoon shows U.S. Pres. Thomas

Woodrow Wilson blowing bubbles


Countries feel cheated

Countries Feel Cheated

  • a legacy of resentment and rage amongst

    Germans

  • Africans/Asians were angry they weren’t granted independence

  • Japan and Italy angry they weren’t given as much land as GB and France


Legacy of the treaty of versailles

Legacy of the Treaty of Versailles

  • Problems, greed, shortcomings of the Treaty of Versailles caused more anger, frustration, and resentment that before World War I

  • The Shortcomings of the Treaty eventually allowed _____________to rise to power……………


Let s discuss

Let’s Discuss…

Why did so many people believe this was the “War to end all Wars”?

Do you believe it is possible to prevent WAR? Why or why not?

Knowing what you know about World War One, what are some ways World War Two could have been prevented?


Legacy of the treaty of versailles bitterness and loss

LEGACY OF THE TREATY OF VERSAILLESBitterness and Loss!!!

Why did the USA Reject the Treaty?

How did this rejection affect the

League of Nations?

Why did many countries feel bitter and

cheated as a result of the treaty?

GERMANY …

AFRICANS & ASIANS …

JAPANESE & ITALIANS…


Legacy of the treaty of versailles bitterness and loss1

LEGACY OF THE TREATY OF VERSAILLESBitterness and Loss!!!

Why did the USA Reject the Treaty?

  • Senate and citizens object to the League of Nations… Did not want to align with European “WARMONGERS”

  • Believed the USA should Stay out of Europe’s Affairs… Isolationists/Neutrality attitude.

    ISOLATIONISM!!!

How did this rejection affect the

League of Nations?

Without American support, League is unable to Succeed…

NO MILITARY TO ENFORCE

ITS DECISIONS!!!

Why did many countries feel bitter and

cheated as a result of the treaty?

GERMANY …

War Guilt left Legacy of hatred! (Unfortunately, this “PUNISHMENT” of Germany, added to the Great Depression, led to the rise of the National Socialist German Workers Party aka NAZI Party & some guy named, Adolf Hitler (a decorated WWI veteran)… By any chance, have you heard of him? Hmmm!)

AFRICANS & ASIANS …

Angry that they were not granted independence!

JAPANESE & ITALIANS… This will later lead to future imperialism for both countries. As a result, like the Great War (WWI) it was one of the primary causes of WWII.

Gained less land than they wanted.


Germany

Germany

  • Peace seen as imposed & harsh both by

    • New regime (Socialists and Catholics)

    • Supporters of older order

  • Germany weakened, but

    • neither entirely

    • nor permanently

  • Reject war guilt clause

  • Reluctant to acknowledge defeat


Adolph hitler r 1933 1945

Adolph Hitler (r. 1933-1945)


Bottom line what say you

Bottom line: What say you?

  • Did the peace treaties

    • Provide security?

    • Make the world safe for democracy?

      Was it

  • The best possible solution at the time?

    or

  • A flawed peace?

    - Give your reasoning


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