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The French Revolution in a Nutshell. STAGES:. The Ancien Régime in Crisis (up to 1789) The Moderate Phase (1789-1791) The Reign of Terror (Radical Phase) (1791-1794) The Thermidorian Reaction (End Phase) (1794-1799). The Ancien Régime in Crisis.

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stages
STAGES:
  • The Ancien Régime in Crisis (up to 1789)
  • The Moderate Phase (1789-1791)
  • The Reign of Terror (Radical Phase) (1791-1794)
  • The Thermidorian Reaction (End Phase)(1794-1799)
the ancien r gime in crisis
The Ancien Régime in Crisis

18th century France was made up of three estates:

  • First Estate-Clergy
    • Owned 10% of land, paid no taxes (by made annual gifts)
  • Second Estate-Nobility
    • Owned ¼ to 1/3 of land in France, exempt from taxation
  • Third Estate- “Everyone Else”
    • Bourgeoisie, Peasants, Urban Laborers
    • Carried the burden of taxation
    • 96% of the population of France
the moderate phase 1789 1791
The Moderate Phase (1789-1791)
  • By 1787, French government was in financial crisis. France was a “rich country with a poor government.”
  • Louis XVI calls the Estates General for the first time since 1614.
  • June 1789—3rd Estate creates the National Assembly and makes the “Tennis Court Oath”
  • July 14, 1789—Parisians storm the Bastille, followed by Bread Riots and the Great Fear in rural France.
  • Aug. 1789- “Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen”
the radical phase 1791 1794
The Radical Phase (1791-1794)
  • 1789-1791—France is governed by the Assembly.
  • New constitution is signed in 1791, creating a constitutional monarchy.
  • 1792-political power of Paris’s Sans-Culottes creates the National Convention, abolishes the monarchy and executes Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. France is now a republic.
  • 1793-1794-Reign of Terror, led my Maximilien Robespierre (Committee of Public Safety) and the Jacobins (radical lower bourgeoisie).
  • During the Reign of Terror, many Girondins(wealthier bourgeoisie) are arrested and executed.
the thermidorian reaction 1794 1799
The Thermidorian Reaction (1794-1799)
  • July 1794-Robespierre is executed.
  • Thermidorian Reaction-Girondins take control of government and execute many Jacobins.
  • French government is now led by the Directory.
  • Coup against the Directory occurs on Nov. 9, 1799.
  • Leads to the rise of Napoleon.
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