The french revolution in a nutshell
Download
1 / 6

The French Revolution in a Nutshell - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 130 Views
  • Uploaded on

The French Revolution in a Nutshell. STAGES:. The Ancien Régime in Crisis (up to 1789) The Moderate Phase (1789-1791) The Reign of Terror (Radical Phase) (1791-1794) The Thermidorian Reaction (End Phase) (1794-1799). The Ancien Régime in Crisis.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' The French Revolution in a Nutshell' - zita


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Stages
STAGES:

  • The Ancien Régime in Crisis (up to 1789)

  • The Moderate Phase (1789-1791)

  • The Reign of Terror (Radical Phase) (1791-1794)

  • The Thermidorian Reaction (End Phase)(1794-1799)


The ancien r gime in crisis
The Ancien Régime in Crisis

18th century France was made up of three estates:

  • First Estate-Clergy

    • Owned 10% of land, paid no taxes (by made annual gifts)

  • Second Estate-Nobility

    • Owned ¼ to 1/3 of land in France, exempt from taxation

  • Third Estate- “Everyone Else”

    • Bourgeoisie, Peasants, Urban Laborers

    • Carried the burden of taxation

    • 96% of the population of France


The moderate phase 1789 1791
The Moderate Phase (1789-1791)

  • By 1787, French government was in financial crisis. France was a “rich country with a poor government.”

  • Louis XVI calls the Estates General for the first time since 1614.

  • June 1789—3rd Estate creates the National Assembly and makes the “Tennis Court Oath”

  • July 14, 1789—Parisians storm the Bastille, followed by Bread Riots and the Great Fear in rural France.

  • Aug. 1789- “Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen”


The radical phase 1791 1794
The Radical Phase (1791-1794)

  • 1789-1791—France is governed by the Assembly.

  • New constitution is signed in 1791, creating a constitutional monarchy.

  • 1792-political power of Paris’s Sans-Culottes creates the National Convention, abolishes the monarchy and executes Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette. France is now a republic.

  • 1793-1794-Reign of Terror, led my Maximilien Robespierre (Committee of Public Safety) and the Jacobins (radical lower bourgeoisie).

  • During the Reign of Terror, many Girondins(wealthier bourgeoisie) are arrested and executed.


The thermidorian reaction 1794 1799
The Thermidorian Reaction (1794-1799)

  • July 1794-Robespierre is executed.

  • Thermidorian Reaction-Girondins take control of government and execute many Jacobins.

  • French government is now led by the Directory.

  • Coup against the Directory occurs on Nov. 9, 1799.

  • Leads to the rise of Napoleon.


ad