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The European Union And Why It Matters To Indiana. Teachers’ Training Workshop, 5/11/2007 Presentation by Prof. Beate Sissenich Indiana University Bloomington. Part 1: General Introduction to the EU. Please refer to The European Union: A Guide for Americans and

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The european union and why it matters to indiana

The European UnionAnd Why It Matters To Indiana

Teachers’ Training Workshop, 5/11/2007

Presentation by Prof. Beate Sissenich

Indiana University

Bloomington


Part 1 general introduction to the eu

Part 1: General Introduction to the EU

Please refer to

The European Union: A Guide for Americans

and

How the European Union Works


Please reflect in writing on the following question

Please reflect in writing on the following question:

How does the European Union affect Indiana?


What is the eu see map and table on p 4 in the european union a guide for americans

What is the EU?See map and table on p. 4 in The European Union: A Guide for Americans

  • The world’s most deeply integrated system of regional inter-state cooperation

  • 27 European member states

  • Ca. 490 million people (US: 300 million)

  • Independent countries pooling their sovereignty in shared institutions to create common policies


What the eu is not

What the EU is NOT:

  • A “superstate”

  • A “United States of Europe”

  • A welfare state

  • A federation

  • An international organization such as the United Nations

     the EU is unique in structure and composition


Goals and purposes

Goals and Purposes

  • Peace and stability

  • Democracy

  • Economic growth

  • Social solidarity

  • “Unity in diversity”


History

History

1951: European Coal and Steel Community (F, D, I, BeNeLux)

1957: Treaties of Rome: European Economic Community (EEC), European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM)

1986: Single European Act to facilitate Single Market

1992: Treaty on European Union (Maastricht Treaty)

1997 Treaty of Amsterdam

2001 Treaty of Nice


Governance the 3 pillars of the eu

Governance:The 3 Pillars of the EU


Gradual enlargement from 6 to 27 members

Gradual Enlargement: from 6 to 27 members

1957: BeNeLux, D, F, I

1973: Denmark, UK and Ireland

1981: Greece

1986: Spain and Portugal

1995: Sweden, Finland, Austria

2004: “jumbo” enlargement: Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia

2007: Bulgaria, Romania

Candidates: Croatia, Turkey, FYR Macedonia


How is the eu run see ch 2 in the european union a guide for americans

How is the EU run?See ch. 2 in The European Union: A Guide for Americans

Unique system of governance—some key institutions:

  • European Commission

  • Council of the European Union and European Council

  • European Parliament

  • European Court of Justice and Court of Auditors

  • Interest representation: Economic and Social Committee and Committee of the Regions


European commission p 6 in the european union a guide for americans pp 20 24 in how the eu works

European Commissionp. 6 in The European Union: A Guide for Americans; pp. 20-24 in How the EU Works

  • Represents European perspective

  • 27 Commissioners, appointed for 5-year terms

  • Executive branch w/seat in Brussels (also Luxembourg)

  • Sole initiator of legislation

  • Implements EU policies and budget

  • Enforces EU law

  • Represents the EU internationally


Council of the eu p 6 7 in the european union a guide for americans pp 14 19 in how the eu works

Council of the EUp. 6-7 in The European Union: A Guide for Americans; pp. 14-19 in How the EU Works

  • Main decision-making body

  • Voice of the member states

  • Made up of one member from each member state government

  • Meets in 9 issue-specific configurations: general affairs and external relations, economics & finance, agriculture, etc.

  • Rotating presidency (6 months)

  • Responsibilities: adopting laws; coordinating economic policies; concluding international agreements; approving the budget (w/ Parliament); developing Common Foreign and Security Policy; coordinating cooperation in police and judicial affairs


Voting in the council p 19 in how the eu works

Voting in the Councilp. 19 in How the EU Works

  • By unanimity in Common Foreign and Security Policy, taxation, and asylum and immigration

  • By qualified majority in most policy areas: majority of member states and minimum of 72.3 % of votes

  • Weighted voting: larger countries have more votes, but smaller countries are disproportionately represented


European parliament p 7 in the european union a guide for americans pp 10 13 in how the eu works

European Parliamentp. 7 in The European Union: A Guide for Americanspp. 10-13 in How the EU Works

  • Directly elected since 1979

  • 785 members from 27 member states, elected for 5-year terms

  • Organized in 8 political groups, each of which is based on national parties

  • Seats in Strasbourg and Brussels

  • Passes legislation (together with the Council)

  • Democratic supervision of other EU institutions

  • Approves/rejects the budget


What does the eu do see pp 24 33 in the european union a guide for americans

What does the EU do?See pp. 24-33 in The European Union: A Guide for Americans

  • Single market: freedom of movement for goods, services, capital and people

  • Common currency (13 out of 27 member states currently use the euro)

  • Common foreign and security policy

  • Police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters


The european union and why it matters to indiana

Activity: Please consult Key Facts and Figures about Europe and the Europeans to answer the following questions:

  • How wealthy are Europeans?

  • How much does the EU spend on research?

  • How much does the EU produce?

  • How much do EU countries trade inside the EU? How much do they trade with other countries?


Spending and government in the eu

Spending and Government in the EU

  • EU budget is capped at 1.27 % of EU GNP

  • 2003: 1.02% of EU GDP

    ↔ US: 36.7 % of GDP

    ↔ D: 48.3 % of GDP

    ↔ SW: 57.3 % of GDP

    ↔ EI: 33.5 % of GDP

  • EU administration is smaller than national administrations:

    EU permanent staff = 30,000, of which 73 % are Commission staff

    ↔ US federal civilian employment = 2.73 million


Trade

Trade

Source: http://www.eurunion.org/profile/EUUSStats.pdf


Foreign direct investment

Foreign Direct Investment

Source: http://www.eurunion.org/profile/EUUSStats.pdf


The european union and why it matters to indiana

EU-Indiana Trade Indiana’s goods exports to EU25 were USD 3.96 billion representing 24.1% of total exports in 2003.http://www.eurunion.org/partner/usstates/Indiana%20-%20IN%202003.ppt


The european union and why it matters to indiana

Foreign Investment in IndianaEU15 Investment in Indiana supported an estimated 84,200 jobs in 2002. EU15 was #1 foreign investor in Indiana in 2002. EU15 Investment amounted to an estimated USD 18,454 millions or 65.6% of total foreign direct Investment in Indiana in 2002.http://www.eurunion.org/partner/usstates/Indiana%20-%20IN%202003.ppt


Please revisit your earlier notes on the question

Please revisit your earlier notes on the question:

How does the European Union affect Indiana?

How has your assessment changed?

What would you add to your earlier observations?


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