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The European Union And Why It Matters To Indiana. Teachers’ Training Workshop, 5/11/2007 Presentation by Prof. Beate Sissenich Indiana University Bloomington. Part 1: General Introduction to the EU. Please refer to The European Union: A Guide for Americans and

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the european union and why it matters to indiana

The European UnionAnd Why It Matters To Indiana

Teachers’ Training Workshop, 5/11/2007

Presentation by Prof. Beate Sissenich

Indiana University

Bloomington

part 1 general introduction to the eu
Part 1: General Introduction to the EU

Please refer to

The European Union: A Guide for Americans

and

How the European Union Works

please reflect in writing on the following question
Please reflect in writing on the following question:

How does the European Union affect Indiana?

what is the eu see map and table on p 4 in the european union a guide for americans
What is the EU?See map and table on p. 4 in The European Union: A Guide for Americans
  • The world’s most deeply integrated system of regional inter-state cooperation
  • 27 European member states
  • Ca. 490 million people (US: 300 million)
  • Independent countries pooling their sovereignty in shared institutions to create common policies
what the eu is not
What the EU is NOT:
  • A “superstate”
  • A “United States of Europe”
  • A welfare state
  • A federation
  • An international organization such as the United Nations

 the EU is unique in structure and composition

goals and purposes
Goals and Purposes
  • Peace and stability
  • Democracy
  • Economic growth
  • Social solidarity
  • “Unity in diversity”
history
History

1951: European Coal and Steel Community (F, D, I, BeNeLux)

1957: Treaties of Rome: European Economic Community (EEC), European Atomic Energy Community (EURATOM)

1986: Single European Act to facilitate Single Market

1992: Treaty on European Union (Maastricht Treaty)

1997 Treaty of Amsterdam

2001 Treaty of Nice

gradual enlargement from 6 to 27 members
Gradual Enlargement: from 6 to 27 members

1957: BeNeLux, D, F, I

1973: Denmark, UK and Ireland

1981: Greece

1986: Spain and Portugal

1995: Sweden, Finland, Austria

2004: “jumbo” enlargement: Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, Slovenia

2007: Bulgaria, Romania

Candidates: Croatia, Turkey, FYR Macedonia

how is the eu run see ch 2 in the european union a guide for americans
How is the EU run?See ch. 2 in The European Union: A Guide for Americans

Unique system of governance—some key institutions:

  • European Commission
  • Council of the European Union and European Council
  • European Parliament
  • European Court of Justice and Court of Auditors
  • Interest representation: Economic and Social Committee and Committee of the Regions
european commission p 6 in the european union a guide for americans pp 20 24 in how the eu works
European Commissionp. 6 in The European Union: A Guide for Americans; pp. 20-24 in How the EU Works
  • Represents European perspective
  • 27 Commissioners, appointed for 5-year terms
  • Executive branch w/seat in Brussels (also Luxembourg)
  • Sole initiator of legislation
  • Implements EU policies and budget
  • Enforces EU law
  • Represents the EU internationally
council of the eu p 6 7 in the european union a guide for americans pp 14 19 in how the eu works
Council of the EUp. 6-7 in The European Union: A Guide for Americans; pp. 14-19 in How the EU Works
  • Main decision-making body
  • Voice of the member states
  • Made up of one member from each member state government
  • Meets in 9 issue-specific configurations: general affairs and external relations, economics & finance, agriculture, etc.
  • Rotating presidency (6 months)
  • Responsibilities: adopting laws; coordinating economic policies; concluding international agreements; approving the budget (w/ Parliament); developing Common Foreign and Security Policy; coordinating cooperation in police and judicial affairs
voting in the council p 19 in how the eu works
Voting in the Councilp. 19 in How the EU Works
  • By unanimity in Common Foreign and Security Policy, taxation, and asylum and immigration
  • By qualified majority in most policy areas: majority of member states and minimum of 72.3 % of votes
  • Weighted voting: larger countries have more votes, but smaller countries are disproportionately represented
european parliament p 7 in the european union a guide for americans pp 10 13 in how the eu works
European Parliamentp. 7 in The European Union: A Guide for Americanspp. 10-13 in How the EU Works
  • Directly elected since 1979
  • 785 members from 27 member states, elected for 5-year terms
  • Organized in 8 political groups, each of which is based on national parties
  • Seats in Strasbourg and Brussels
  • Passes legislation (together with the Council)
  • Democratic supervision of other EU institutions
  • Approves/rejects the budget
what does the eu do see pp 24 33 in the european union a guide for americans
What does the EU do?See pp. 24-33 in The European Union: A Guide for Americans
  • Single market: freedom of movement for goods, services, capital and people
  • Common currency (13 out of 27 member states currently use the euro)
  • Common foreign and security policy
  • Police and judicial cooperation in criminal matters
slide16
Activity: Please consult Key Facts and Figures about Europe and the Europeans to answer the following questions:
  • How wealthy are Europeans?
  • How much does the EU spend on research?
  • How much does the EU produce?
  • How much do EU countries trade inside the EU? How much do they trade with other countries?
spending and government in the eu
Spending and Government in the EU
  • EU budget is capped at 1.27 % of EU GNP
  • 2003: 1.02% of EU GDP

↔ US: 36.7 % of GDP

↔ D: 48.3 % of GDP

↔ SW: 57.3 % of GDP

↔ EI: 33.5 % of GDP

  • EU administration is smaller than national administrations:

EU permanent staff = 30,000, of which 73 % are Commission staff

↔ US federal civilian employment = 2.73 million

trade
Trade

Source: http://www.eurunion.org/profile/EUUSStats.pdf

foreign direct investment
Foreign Direct Investment

Source: http://www.eurunion.org/profile/EUUSStats.pdf

slide21

EU-Indiana Trade Indiana’s goods exports to EU25 were USD 3.96 billion representing 24.1% of total exports in 2003.http://www.eurunion.org/partner/usstates/Indiana%20-%20IN%202003.ppt

slide22

Foreign Investment in IndianaEU15 Investment in Indiana supported an estimated 84,200 jobs in 2002. EU15 was #1 foreign investor in Indiana in 2002. EU15 Investment amounted to an estimated USD 18,454 millions or 65.6% of total foreign direct Investment in Indiana in 2002.http://www.eurunion.org/partner/usstates/Indiana%20-%20IN%202003.ppt

please revisit your earlier notes on the question
Please revisit your earlier notes on the question:

How does the European Union affect Indiana?

How has your assessment changed?

What would you add to your earlier observations?

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