issues in child protection and out of home care peaks forum
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
ISSUES in CHILD PROTECTION and OUT-OF-HOME CARE Peaks Forum

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 24

ISSUES in CHILD PROTECTION and OUT-OF-HOME CARE Peaks Forum - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 107 Views
  • Uploaded on

ISSUES in CHILD PROTECTION and OUT-OF-HOME CARE Peaks Forum. January 2008. Judy Cashmore. Terms of Reference. To examine, report on and make recommendations in relation to:

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' ISSUES in CHILD PROTECTION and OUT-OF-HOME CARE Peaks Forum ' - zita


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
terms of reference
Terms of Reference
  • To examine, report on and make recommendations in relation to:
  • The system for reporting of child abuse and neglect, including mandatory reporting, reporting thresholds and feedback to reporters;
  • Management of reports, including the adequacy and efficiency of systems and processes for intake, assessment, prioritisation, investigation and decision-making;
  • Management of cases requiring ongoing work, including referrals for services and monitoring and supervision of families;
  • Recording of essential information and capacity to collate and utilise data about the child protection system to target resources efficiently;
  • Professional capacity and professional supervision of the casework and allied staff;
  • The adequacy of the current statutory framework for child protection including roles and responsibilities of mandatory reporters, DoCS, the courts and oversight agencies;
  • The adequacy of arrangements for inter-agency cooperation in child protection cases;
  • The adequacy of arrangements for children in out of home care;
  • The adequacy of resources in the child protection system..
issues in child protection
Issues in child protection
  • Increasing reports / notifications – inadequate response
  • Concern that definitions of abuse and neglect are too broad – ‘risk of harm’ vs ‘significant harm’
  • Under-reporting and over-reporting
  • Concern about forensic investigative response rather than holistic response to child’s needs – 2002 inquiry
  • Poor risk assessment ? Unrealistic expectations
  • Need for proactive preventive approach, not just reactive response
main issues in out of home care
Main issues in out-of-home care
  • Multi-problem families esp parental violence, drug and alcohol abuse, mental illness
  • Particular concern re infants and neglect esp Indigenous families
  • Managing reunification – longer term support needed
  • Increasing concern about failures of system
  • Shortage of appropriate foster carersesp Indigenous families
    • Increasing expectations
    • Increasingly difficult care-giving
  • Lack of specialist workers – low priority work, relationship with children?
response to maltreatment allegations
Response to maltreatment allegations
  • Duty to investigate all reports?
    • Ability to prioritise?
    • Over-burdened services -> labeling but no service
  • Mandatory reporting
    • Who should report what? (s.29)
    • Rgularising reporters – previously by law, regulation, direction etc
  • Inter-agency responsibility
  • Partnership with parents and families?
  • Need for proper assessment re immediate safety, risk of harm, needs of child and family

 Focus on outcomes for children rather than actions of parents/carers

legislative changes 1998 act
Legislative changes 1998 Act
  • Purpose of definition – reports vs requests for assistance (esp ‘inadequate provision’ vs poverty)
  • Different levels of severity for:
    • Reporting abuse – mandatory reporting
    • Responding to abuse
    • Taking court action
  • Clearer focus on current concerns based on severity and chronicity and harm or risk of harm
  • Inclusion of exposure to domestic violence and homelessness but ‘serious psychological harm’
understanding the figures
Understanding the figures
  • NSW DoCS cf AIHW figures
  • Changes over time
  • Children vs reports
  • Interpreting the figures
    • Increased awareness and reporting ?
    • Increased abuse and neglect?
nsw docs cf aihw figures
NSW DoCS cf AIHW figures
  • Very similar trends for number of reports but AIHW lower in number of reports
    • Not include ‘child protection concerns’
    • Both DoCS and AIHW count each child in the family - include one report per child if more than one child per family
    • AIHW counts more than one report about the same ‘event’ as one report
    • DoCS figures suggest that on average DoCS receives two reports per child
nsw docs cf aihw figures1
NSW DoCS cf AIHW figures
  • Very similar trends and numbers for number of children:
    • 2005-6: no of children reported / notified
      • NSW DoCS: 109,568
      • AIHW: 85,302 [99,949 in 2006-7] *
    • 2005-6: no of children in substantiated reports
      • NSW DoCS: 12,956 (3,771 at risk; 9,185 actual harm)
      • AIHW: 12,627 [13,769 in 2006-7] *
nsw cf victoria
NSW cf Victoria
  • Quite similar numbers of reports till 2000-01 ie 30-40,000 [AIHW figures]
  • Victoria consistently around 36-37,000 this decade
  • NSW increased from 30,398 in 2000-01
          • to .... 55,208 in 2001-02
          • and .... 109,498 in 2002-03
          • and ... 189,928 in 2006-07
source of reports 2005 06
SOURCE OF REPORTS2005-06

* Finalised, not substantiated

reasons for increased reports substantiations
Reasons for increased reports, substantiations ?
  • Broadened definitions of abuse and neglect
    • eg physical abuse/punishment; exposure to violence
  • Lowered threshold – ‘risk of harm’ / “serious psychological harm”
  • Expansion of mandatory reporting ...
  • Defensive reporting - $22,000 fine ?
  • Frustrated reporting – renotifications – lack of services?
  • Increased recording – centralised call centres cf local CSCs
  • Gateway to early intervention services via child protection system in NSW?
  • Increased ‘investigations  [more substantations]
  • Increasing societal ‘risk aversiveness’ – decreasing tolerance
  • Increasing incidence /awareness of parental substance abuse, family violence, mental health – Vic report; NSW DoCS data
slide16

Source: KiDS Annual Statistical Extracts and Corporate Information Warehouse annual data. Produced by, DoCS Information and Reporting.

Source: KiDS Annual Statistical Extracts and Corporate Information Warehouse annual data.

slide17

Source: CIS & KiDS annual statistical extracts, Corporate Information Warehouse annual data.

Produced by, DoCS Information and Reporting.

Child protection reports by primary reported issue,

2004-05 & 2005-06

slide18

Source: KiDS Annual Statistical Extract, Corporate Information Warehouse annual data. Produced by: Information and Reporting.

forensic vs holistic approach approach
Forensic vsHolistic approach approach
  • Focus on early intervention
  • Less adversarial
  • What is needed to ensure child’s safety, welfare and well-being?
    • Family support
    • Comprehensive assessment
    • Context and cumulative harm
    • Range of options
  • Search for evidence
  • What happened to whom?
  • Who is responsible?
  • Focus on substantiating allegations
  • Focus on individual incidents of reported abuse / neglect
slide20
Table 4.3: Number of children aged 0–17 years in out-of-home care, states and territories, 30 June 1997 to 30 June 2007

* 7,892 Indigenous (27.7%)

slide21
Table 4.7: Rates of children in out-of-home care, states and territories, 30 June 1997 to 30 June 2007 (per 1,000 children)

* Indigenous rate: 36.1

cf non-Indigenous: 4.4

slide22

Table 5.1: Number of children aged 0–17 years commencing intensive family support services, by age at commencement of service, states and territories, 2006–07

slide23
Table 3.6: Children on care and protection orders, by type of order, states and territories, at 30 June 2007
implications
Implications
  • Sustainability
  • Dealing with increased ‘reporting’
  • Dealing with increased abuse, neglect, inadequate parenting
  • Resources for children in out-of-home care
  • Indigenous children
  • Coherence of legislation, policy and practice
ad