From the factory model to futureminds
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From the Factory Model to FutureMinds. Charles M. Reigeluth Co-Director, AECT FutureMinds Initiative Professor, Instructional Systems Technology Indiana University. Overview. What is paradigm change, and what might the new paradigm be like? Why do we need paradigm change in education?

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From the Factory Model to FutureMinds

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From the factory model to futureminds

From the Factory Model to FutureMinds

Charles M. Reigeluth

Co-Director, AECT FutureMinds Initiative

Professor, Instructional Systems Technology

Indiana University


Overview

Overview

  • What is paradigm change, and what might the new paradigm be like?

  • Why do we need paradigm change in education?

  • What can be done to help schools change their paradigm?


1 what is paradigm change and what might the new paradigm be like

1. What is paradigm change, and what might the new paradigm be like?

People learnatdifferent rates . . . .


1 what is paradigm change and what might the new paradigm be like1

1. What is paradigm change, and what might the new paradigm be like?

People learn at different rates . . . .

Sortingvs. Learning


1 what is paradigm change and what might the new paradigm be like2

1. What is paradigm change, and what might the new paradigm be like?

People learn at different rates . . . .

Sortingvs. Learning

Time-based Attainment-based


1 what is paradigm change and what might the new paradigm be like3

1. What is paradigm change, and what might the new paradigm be like?

People learn at different rates . . . .

Sortingvs. Learning

Time-based Attainment-based

Group-basedPerson-based


1 what is paradigm change and what might the new paradigm be like4

1. What is paradigm change, and what might the new paradigm be like?

People learn at different rates . . . .

Sortingvs. Learning

Time-based Attainment-based

Group-basedPerson-based

Teacher-basedResource-based


1 what is paradigm change and what might the new paradigm be like5

1. What is paradigm change, and what might the new paradigm be like?

People learn at different rates . . . .

Sortingvs. Learning

Time-based Attainment-based

Group-basedPerson-based

Teacher-basedResource-based

A key: The report card


1 what is paradigm change and what might the new paradigm be like6

1. What is paradigm change, and what might the new paradigm be like?

People learn at different rates . . . .

Sortingvs. Learning

Time-based Attainment-based

Group-basedPerson-based

Teacher-basedResource-based

A key: The report card

Does this make sense so far? Comments?


2 why do we need paradigm change

2. Why do we need paradigm change?

Society has changed in ways that make our sorting-focused paradigm obsolete.

Knowledge work has replaced manual labor as the predominant form of work.


2 why do we need paradigm change1

2. Why do we need paradigm change?

History of major paradigm shifts in society.


2 why do we need paradigm change2

2. Why do we need paradigm change?

History of major paradigm shifts in society.

Toffler’s three great waves of change.

•Development of agriculture

•Industrialrevolution (physical capabilities)

•Information revolution (mental capabilities)


2 why do we need paradigm change3

2. Why do we need paradigm change?

History of major paradigm shifts in society.

Toffler’s three great waves of change.

•Development of agriculture

•Industrial revolution(physical capabilities)

•Information revolution (mental capabilities)

Each wave of change brought paradigm shifts in all of society’s systems.


2 why do we need paradigm change4

2. Why do we need paradigm change?

Waves of change: AgrarianIndustrialInformation

Paradigm Shifts


2 why do we need paradigm change5

2. Why do we need paradigm change?

Waves of change: AgrarianIndustrialInformation

Family: ?

Paradigm Shifts


2 why do we need paradigm change6

2. Why do we need paradigm change?

Waves of change: AgrarianIndustrialInformation

Family:Extended ?

family

Paradigm Shifts


2 why do we need paradigm change7

2. Why do we need paradigm change?

Waves of change: AgrarianIndustrialInformation

Family:ExtendedNuclear?

familyfamily

Paradigm Shifts


2 why do we need paradigm change8

2. Why do we need paradigm change?

Waves of change: AgrarianIndustrialInformation

Family:ExtendedNuclearWorking-parent

familyfamilyfamily

Paradigm Shifts


2 why do we need paradigm change9

2. Why do we need paradigm change?

Waves of change: AgrarianIndustrialInformation

Family:ExtendedNuclearWorking-parent

familyfamilyfamily

Business: ?

Paradigm Shifts


2 why do we need paradigm change10

2. Why do we need paradigm change?

Waves of change: AgrarianIndustrialInformation

Family:ExtendedNuclearWorking-parent

familyfamilyfamily

Business:Family?

Paradigm Shifts


2 why do we need paradigm change11

2. Why do we need paradigm change?

Waves of change: AgrarianIndustrialInformation

Family:ExtendedNuclearWorking-parent

familyfamilyfamily

Business:FamilyBureaucracy?

Paradigm Shifts


2 why do we need paradigm change12

2. Why do we need paradigm change?

Waves of change: AgrarianIndustrialInformation

Family:ExtendedNuclearWorking-parent

familyfamilyfamily

Business:FamilyBureaucracyTeam

Paradigm Shifts


2 why do we need paradigm change13

2. Why do we need paradigm change?

Waves of change: AgrarianIndustrialInformation

Family:ExtendedNuclearWorking-parent

familyfamilyfamily

Business:FamilyBureaucracyTeam

Transportation: ?

Paradigm Shifts


2 why do we need paradigm change14

2. Why do we need paradigm change?

Waves of change: AgrarianIndustrialInformation

Family:ExtendedNuclearWorking-parent

familyfamilyfamily

Business:FamilyBureaucracyTeam

Transportation: Horse?

Paradigm Shifts


2 why do we need paradigm change15

2. Why do we need paradigm change?

Waves of change: AgrarianIndustrialInformation

Family:ExtendedNuclearWorking-parent

familyfamilyfamily

Business:FamilyBureaucracyTeam

Transportation: HorseTrain?

Paradigm Shifts


2 why do we need paradigm change16

2. Why do we need paradigm change?

Waves of change: AgrarianIndustrialInformation

Family:ExtendedNuclearWorking-parent

familyfamilyfamily

Business:FamilyBureaucracyTeam

Transportation: HorseTrainPlane & car

Paradigm Shifts


2 why do we need paradigm change17

2. Why do we need paradigm change?

Waves of change: AgrarianIndustrialInformation

Family:ExtendedNuclearWorking-parent

familyfamilyfamily

Business:FamilyBureaucracyTeam

Transportation: HorseTrainPlane & car

Education:?

Paradigm Shifts


2 why do we need paradigm change18

2. Why do we need paradigm change?

Waves of change: AgrarianIndustrialInformation

Family:ExtendedNuclearWorking-parent

familyfamilyfamily

Business:FamilyBureaucracyTeam

Transportation: HorseTrainPlane & car

Education: One-room?

schoolhouse

Paradigm Shifts


2 why do we need paradigm change19

2. Why do we need paradigm change?

Waves of change: AgrarianIndustrialInformation

Family:ExtendedNuclearWorking-parent

familyfamilyfamily

Business:FamilyBureaucracyTeam

Transportation: HorseTrainPlane & car

Education:One-roomCurrentHow is the

schoolhousesystemdifference

similar?

Paradigm Shifts


2 why do we need paradigm change20

2. Why do we need paradigm change?

Waves of change: AgrarianIndustrialInformation

Family:ExtendedNuclearWorking-parent

familyfamilyfamily

Business:FamilyBureaucracyTeam

Transportation: HorseTrainPlane & car

Education:One-roomCurrent?

schoolhousesystem

Paradigm Shifts


2 why do we need paradigm change21

2. Why do we need paradigm change?

Industrial AgeInformation Age

Standardization, uniformityCustomization, diversity

Top-down controlAutonomy, accountability

ComplianceInitiative

Adversarial relationshipsCooperative relationships

CompartmentalizationHolism

(Division of Labor) (Integration of tasks)

Some Major Differences


2 why do we need paradigm change22

2. Why do we need paradigm change?

Big changes in society cause (require) systemic changes in all societal systems.

Main Points


2 why do we need paradigm change23

2. Why do we need paradigm change?

Big changes in society cause (require) systemic changes in all societal systems.

Systemic change is driven by pull (new needs) and push (new means).

Main Points


2 why do we need paradigm change24

2. Why do we need paradigm change?

Big changes in society cause (require) systemic changes in all societal systems.

Systemic change is driven by pull (new needs) and push (new means).

Does this make sense so far? Comments?

Main Points


1 what might the new paradigm be like

1. What might the new paradigm be like?

General Features for the New Paradigm

• Keep working on a standard until it is learned

• Move on as soon as it is learned

• Customized, personalized learning

• Intrinsic motivation, self-direction

• Performance-based assessment (PBA)

• Performance-based learning (PBL)

• Collaborative learning (teams)

• Teacher as coach or facilitator

• 21st Century Skills (John Box)

• Advanced technologies as tools


1 what might the new paradigm be like1

1. What might the new paradigm be like?

Four Major Functions for Technology

  • Record keeping for student learning

  • Planning for student learning

  • Instruction for student learning

  • Assessment for student learning

    Does this make sense? Comments?


3 what can be done to help schools change their paradigm

3. What can be done to help schools change their paradigm?

Paradigm change is very different from piecemeal reform.

  • The incompatibility problem

  • The mindset problem

  • The invention problem

  • The ownership problem

  • The leadership problem

  • The expertise problem

  • The resource problem


3 what can be done to help schools change their paradigm1

3. What can be done to help schools change their paradigm?

The AECT FutureMinds Initiative

Strategy

The school district must be the unit of change.

Districts need two things: Expertise & Money

State Education Agencies should meet these needs.

SEAs have to build their capacity.

The FutureMinds Initiative helps SEAs do this. (2)

The School System Transformation Protocol is used.


3 what can be done to help schools change their paradigm2

3. What can be done to help schools change their paradigm?

The AECT FutureMinds Initiative

Advisory Board

Gene Carter, Executive Director of ASCD

Linda Darling-Hammond, Stanford University

Chris Dede, Harvard University

Libia Gil, Senior Fellow AIR (Chief Academic Officer NAS)

Tom Houlihan, former Executive Director of NCCSO

Barbara McCombs, Univ. of Denver Research Institute

Phillip Schlechty, The Schlechty Center for Leadership

Don Stinson, Superintendent of MSD Decatur Township


3 what can be done to help schools change their paradigm3

3. What can be done to help schools change their paradigm?

The AECT FutureMinds Initiative

Fundamental Principles

Paradigm change

The district as the unit of change

Mindset change / Learning process

Invention process

Broad stakeholder ownership

Consensus-building approach to decision making

Participatory leadership

Experienced outside facilitator


3 what can be done to help schools change their paradigm4

3. What can be done to help schools change their paradigm?

The AECT FutureMinds Initiative

Comments or questions?

www.futureminds.us


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