Native americans of sc
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Native Americans of SC. Table of Contents America’s Earliest Settlers Questions………………….. Eastern Woodland Native American Notes & chart …………… Eastern Woodland Tribes……………………………. Eastern Woodland Tribes. Many Eastern Woodland tribes in SC Each had Specific lifestyle Different languages

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Native Americans of SC

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Native americans of sc

Native Americans of SC

Table of Contents

America’s Earliest Settlers Questions…………………..

Eastern Woodland Native American Notes & chart……………

Eastern Woodland Tribes……………………………


Native americans of sc

Eastern Woodland Tribes


Native americans of sc

  • Many Eastern Woodland tribes in SC

  • Each had

    • Specific lifestyle

    • Different languages

  • All preserved their history through oral storytelling

  • Three most important tribes

    • Cherokee (mountains)

    • Catawba (Piedmont)

    • Yemassee (along the coast)


The cherokee

The Cherokee

  • “the real people”

  • Lived in the foothills and mountains

  • Very powerful

  • Lived in villages surrounded by a palisade for protection


Native americans of sc

  • Leaders (including women) met as a council to make rules for the nation

    • White Leader times of peace

    • Red Leader in times of war

  • Each village had a holy man or woman


The catawba

The Catawba

  • “the river people”

  • Lived along the rivers of the Piedmont region surrounded by a palisade

  • Homes were wigwams made of sapling frames covered with bark or mats

  • Had council houses in their villages where leaders made rules for the people

  • Were great potters

    • Created clay pots


The yemassee

The Yemassee

  • Originally from Spanish Florida (present day Georgia)

  • Moved to the coast of SC near the Savannah River to escape the Spanish governor


Native americans of sc

  • During the summer the people lived on the beach in wigwams

  • During other seasons they lived farther inland in wattle and daub homes

  • Council sometimes included women

  • Fled back to Florida after the Yemassee War with the settlers


Arrival of europeans

Arrival of Europeans

  • Eastern Woodland Indians traded furs and deerskins for iron tools, weapons and guns with Europeans

  • As more and more settlers came the native peoples were treated badly

    • Took their land

    • Cheated them in trade

    • Forced some of the natives into slavery

  • Led to hostilities between the settlers and the Eastern Woodlands people


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