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Education. Sociology 101. People 25 years of age and over with a high school diploma increased from 41 percent in 1960 to more than 84 percent in 2000 Those with a college degree rose from 8 percent in 1960 to about 27 percent in 1999. Functionalist View.

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Education

Education

Sociology 101



Functionalist view
Functionalist View increased from 41 percent in 1960 to more than 84 percent in 2000

Manifest function of education is the transmission of knowledge

Latent functions include transmitting culture, promoting social and political integration, maintaining social control, and serving as agents of change


Transmitting culture
Transmitting Culture increased from 41 percent in 1960 to more than 84 percent in 2000

  • Schooling exposes young people to existing beliefs, norms, and values.

  • Transforming diverse racial, ethnic, and religious groups into the sharing of a common identity


Conflict view
Conflict View increased from 41 percent in 1960 to more than 84 percent in 2000

  • Conflict perspective views education as an instrument of elite domination

  • Socializes students into values dictated by the powerful and stifles creativity and individualism

  • Schools reinforce existing social class inequality

    Credentialism

  • Term used to describe the increase in the lowest level of education needed to enter a field


  • Treatment of Women in Education increased from 41 percent in 1960 to more than 84 percent in 2000

    • In the United States, the educational system has long been characterized by discriminatory treatment of women.

    • Sexism in education shows up in many ways:

      • Stereotypes in textbooks

      • Pressure on women to study traditional women’s subjects

      • Unequal funding for men’s and women’s athletic programs

      • Employment bias for administrators and teachers.


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