adaptations by sids and sustainable land management the case of mauritius
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Adaptations by SIDS and Sustainable Land Management The case of Mauritius. Presented by Mr. S.A. Paupiah Project Manager UNDP/GEF/FAO/GoM funded Project on Capacity Building for Sustainable Land Management in Mauritius. Geography and location. Population : 1.2 million Population density :

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adaptations by sids and sustainable land management the case of mauritius

Adaptations by SIDS and Sustainable Land Management The case of Mauritius

Presented by Mr. S.A. Paupiah

Project Manager

UNDP/GEF/FAO/GoM funded Project on Capacity Building for Sustainable Land Management in Mauritius

slide2

Geography and location

Population:

1.2 million

Population density:

600/KM2(Approx)

Climate:

Tropical

Winter (May- Nov)

Summer (Nov- May)

Mean Annual temperature:

Avg maximum 31ºc

Avg minimum 14ºc

Rainfall:

Average annual rainfall

2100mm/year

slide3

Land Use in Mauritius

Land Area:

2040 km2 (incl. Rodrigues, offshore islets & the Outer Islands

Land Use:

Agriculture (Mainly Sugar Cane, Fruits, Vegetables and Flowers):46%

Forests –Native and Planted (31%);

Built upon or unusable (23%)

types of disasters hydro meteorological in character
Types of Disasters (Hydro-meteorological in Character)
  • Drought Already occur to some
  • Torrential rains extent
  • Floods
  • Landslides Further exacerbation by climate change
  • Cyclones
sectors at risk
Sectors at risk
  • Coastal Human Settlements
  • Natural Ecosystems (mangroves, reefs and wetlands)
  • Water (availability and quality)
  • Health
  • Agriculture
  • Tourism
  • Fisheries (livelihood of coastal communities at risk e.g. Fisherman folk)
impact on land resources
Impact on Land Resources

Droughts

  • More bush fire incidents during dry spells
  • Loss of vegetal cover
  • Exposed friable soil
  • Heavy sheet erosion during torrential rains
slide10
Torrential Rains

( heavy rainfall over a few days- equivalent to a whole season precipitation)

  • Sheet and gully erosion
  • Loss of fertile topsoil
  • Heavy leaching of nutrients
  • Siltation of dams and lagoons
  • Damage to drainage systems
  • Landslides in mountainous zones
  • Damage to road infrastructure
cyclones floods landslides
Cyclones/floods/Landslides
  • Longer periods of water stagnation
  • Damage to property in low lying areas
  • Risk of disease (Mosquito – Chikungunya)
  • Failure of sewerage systems and waste water disposal
  • Contamination of drinking water
  • Loss of cash crops (vegetables/flowers)
  • Storm surges exacerbate beach erosion and damage protective structures
  • Loss of coastal infrastructure, fishermen folk livelihood
adaptation in coastal zones
Adaptation in Coastal Zones
  • Design guidance for coastal development

(residential, Commercial, Industrial and Resorts)

  • Set-back policy ( no development within 30 metres from the HWM
  • Studies on design of buildings to cope with flooding and sea level rise
  • Relocation of Mooring sites for fishermen’s boats and pleasure crafts
  • Plantation of mangroves
  • reafforestation of beaches
  • Sand dune binders
  • Monitoring of coral bleaching
  • Banning of sand mining in lagoons
in forest lands
In Forest Lands
  • Re-afforestation of bare hill slopes
  • Re-afforestation of catchment areas with fire and drought resistant endemic /Indigenous sp.
  • Promoting tree planting on private lands through incentives to private sector
  • Capacity building in fire control and fire fighting (GEF funded MSP)
  • Fire-fighting equipments and infrastructutre
  • Controlled burning in grass lands
agricultural sector
Agricultural Sector
  • Promote early warning system for extreme weather events
  • Research on drought resistant cultivars
  • Cyclone-proof livestock sheds
  • Breeding livestock adapted to higher temperature
  • Trash blanketing
  • Growing vegetables & flowers in cyclone-proof greenhouses
built up areas
Built-up Areas

Mainstreaming SLM guidelines in urban planning and regulations

Developing guidelines for residential development in mountainous areas

Master-plan for drainage systems and sewerage systems

other measures
Other measures
  • Setting up of land information systems
  • Mapping of degraded land and vulnerable sites
  • Development of monitoring and evaluation systems
  • Planning of alternate land uses on vulnarable sites e.g abandoned sugar cane lands on steep hill slopes
  • Mainstreaming SLM concerns into national and sectoral policies,legislations,strategiesand plans
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