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Theory Summary H. Stöcker, FIAS. Astrophysics Lattice Colored Glass Fluctuations & DCCs J/Psi & EM Probes Strangeness Transport Theory Hydro & Jets Apologies. Astrophysics. Ellis Antimatter- Matter asymmetry: BB Bombaci Strange Quarkstars & GRB

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Theory summary h st cker fias
Theory Summary H. Stöcker, FIAS

  • Astrophysics

  • Lattice

  • Colored Glass

  • Fluctuations & DCCs

  • J/Psi & EM Probes

  • Strangeness

  • Transport Theory

  • Hydro & Jets

  • Apologies


  • Ellis Antimatter- Matter asymmetry: BB

  • Bombaci Strange Quarkstars & GRB

  • Banyopadhyay Massive SQS possible

  • Bhattacharyya Transition NS- SQS

  • Mishra CSC-> SQS-Cooling curves!

Hot and dense hadronic matter in big bang j ellis


Hot and Dense Hadronic Matter in Big Bang J.Ellis

Recreate the first 10-6 seconds …

… and probe the quark-hadron

phase transition




“Neutron Stars”


“traditional” Neutron Stars

Hadronic Stars

Hyperon Stars

Hybrid Stars

Quark Stars

Strange Stars

Supernova-GRB connection: the Quark-Deconfinement Nova model

Progenitor star

Supernova explosion

Quark Star

Mass accretion on metastable NS

Gamma Ray Burst

Bombaci Quark-Deconfinement Nova model

Double delight in psr j0737 3039
Double Delight in PSR J0737-3039 Quark-Deconfinement Nova model

  • First ever observed Double Pulsar System, Burgay et al., Nature 426 (2003) 531

  • Keplerian parameters Porb=2.45 h, ap , e = 0.088,and To measured from the pulsar timing data.

  • Pulsar A has a spin period 22.7 ms and M=1.337 M; those of Pulsar B are 2.8 s and M= 1.25 M ,

  • Accurate measurements of relativistic corrections to the Keplerian description,

  • Enormous bursts of gravitational waves.

Bandyopadhyay: will allow to pin down R: spin-orbit cp

D bandyo padhyay
D.Bandyo-padhyay Quark-Deconfinement Nova model

Best EXO- fit values: R =11.5 km, but M=1.8M = SQS!?

  • Allowed EOS : M max theo> M highest obs

    Hulse-Taylor pulsar , Mobs= 1.44 M

    Radio Binary pulsar systems , M obs= 1.56 M

  • Softer EOS ruled out by EXO 0748-676!

Lattice qcd
Lattice QCD Quark-Deconfinement Nova model

  • Gavai

  • Laermann

  • Order of Phasetransition?

  • Speed of sound?

Qcd phase diagram
QCD phase diagram Quark-Deconfinement Nova model

Taylor series: order 8

Large lattices required:

L > 6/m_pi, to avoid large finite size effects

Small quark masses:


Critical endpoint!

Gavai, Gupta hep-lat/0412035

Cv and cs 2
Cv and Quark-Deconfinement Nova modelCs^2


Continuum limit taken

New method for E, P, S

Use anomaly measure for Cv and Cs

Gavai, Gupta, Mukherjee, hep-lat/0412036 and in preparation

Laermann‘s Talk Quark-Deconfinement Nova model

Colored glass
Colored Glass Quark-Deconfinement Nova model

  • Venugopalan

  • Kovchegov

  • McLerran

The demise of the Structure function: R. Venugopalan Quark-Deconfinement Nova model

  • Dipoles (and multipole) operators may be more

    relevant observables at high energies

  • Are universal-process independent.

  • RG running of these operators - detailed tests of

    high energy QCD.

Jalilian-Marian, Gelis;

Kovner, Wiedemann

Blaizot, Gelis, Venugopalan

Our model
Our Model Quark-Deconfinement Nova model





from D. Kharzeev, Yu. Kovchegov., K. Tuchin, hep-ph/0405045, where we construct a

model based on above physics + add valence quark contribution

Peeking through the Colored Looking Glass Quark-Deconfinement Nova model

A perspective on Future Directions?

Color Glass Condensate as Medium:

Pomerons, Odderons, Reggeons as Quasiparticle excitations of the CGC

-> ODD Couplerons develop: Larry, marrying with Klaus Werner??

Ploops: (Pomeron loops) How a little fluctuation becomes a big problem

The CGC and the QGP: Is the sQGP really the CGC? Is rapid “thermalization” due to the CGC? Does flow arise largely from the CGC?

Comments about the LHC: The CGC Machine


Fluctuations and dccs
Fluctuations and DCCs Quark-Deconfinement Nova model

  • Koch

  • Csörgö

  • Chandrasekar

  • Randrup

Fluctuation studies Quark-Deconfinement Nova model


  • K/p fluctuations increase towards lower beam energy

    • Significant enhancement over hadronic cascade model

  • p/p fluctuations are negative

    • indicates a strong contribution from resonance decays

Taken from Christoph Roland

NA49 Preliminary

NA49 Preliminary

Koch s dcc predict seen in ceres data
Koch‘s DCC predict. seen in CERES data? Quark-Deconfinement Nova model

Dileptons j psi photons
Dileptons, J/Psi, Photons Quark-Deconfinement Nova model

  • Lee

  • Mustafa

  • Koch

Summary of Lee’s Talk Quark-Deconfinement Nova model

  • Reported on the QCD NLO Quarkonium- Gluon/hadron dissociation cross section.

     Large correction even for upsilon system, especially near threshold

2. The corrections becomes smaller with thermal quark and gluon mass of larger than 200 MeV

 Thermal width of J/y : 1 GeV at T=600 MeV@ 1mb

3. The dissociation cross section due to quarks are less than 10 % of that due to the gluons.

 The quenched lattice calculation of the mass and width of J/y at finite temperature should be reliable.

Corrected na50 data 2002
Corrected NA50 data 2002 Quark-Deconfinement Nova model

UrQMD 1999



Strangeness Quark-Deconfinement Nova model

  • Rafelski

  • Cleymans

  • Braun Munzinger

  • Bleicher

Where do we expect interesting effects
Where do we expect Quark-Deconfinement Nova modelinteresting effects?

  • 1st Order phase transition at high mueB

  • No P.T. at low mueB: Xing

  • Search for irregularities around E beam = 10-40 GeV:

  • Flow, strangeness, E-by-E

Plot from L. Bravina and E. Bratkovskaya shown in Bleicher’s talk

Cleyman s pbm s talk
Cleyman‘s & PBM‘s Talk Quark-Deconfinement Nova model





Transport theory aa strangeness excitation functions bleicher s rafelski s talk
Transport theory: AA Strangeness Excitation functions Quark-Deconfinement Nova modelBleicher’s & Rafelski’s talk

  • 4 pi and mid-y abundancies: OK

    But not K+/pi!

  • Energy dependence: OK

  • Hadron-string models work well


    Alt: Four parameter T, Mue, Gamma-mue, Gamma-s model ok? Rafelski

3 4 gev heavy resonances vs colored cluster bs plasma talks by shuryak w greiner
3-4 GeV heavy resonances Quark-Deconfinement Nova model??vs. Colored Cluster BS-Plasma???->Talks by Shuryak & W. Greiner

Deeply bound p bar and k states gateway to cold and dense matter w greiner
Deeply bound P-bar and Quark-Deconfinement Nova modelK- states : Gateway to cold and dense matter: W. Greiner

  • Bound P and K - nuclear systems: strong interaction pbars suppress vector fields

  • Discrete bound states with binding energies ~ 100th MeV and 20 fm/c widths,

    Y. Akaishi and T. Yamazaki , Phys. Rev. C65 (2002) 044005

    I. Mishustin et al

  • Formation of cold and highly dense nuclear system ~ 3-5 n0,

  • ‘Study of dense p - nuclear systems’ at FAIR and K-Nucleus at J-PARC.

Hydro Quark-Deconfinement Nova model

  • Shuryak

  • Heinz

  • Chauduri

Hydro describes both radial and elliptic flows from jacak s talk

proton Quark-Deconfinement Nova model


hydro describes both radial and elliptic flows(from Jacak’s talk)


Hydro models:




(w/ & w/o




(w/& w/o


EOS of QCD is such that cs^2 is not constant Shuryak-talk Quark-Deconfinement Nova modelp/e (e) = EoS along fixed nB/s lines (Hung,ES,hep-ph/9709264).:

A gas of


pions =>

Relativisitc QGP


The softest point


QGP pressure is nearly balanced by the vacuum

pressure: p=p(QGP)-B

Viscosity: Aswindini, Quark-Deconfinement Nova modelChaudhuri

Na49 collapse of v2 protons at 40 agev 1 order pt
NA49: Collapse of V2(protons) at 40 AGeV: 1.Order PT? Quark-Deconfinement Nova model



Hydro heinz v2 vs eta corrected
Hydro-Heinz: v2 vs. Eta- corrected Quark-Deconfinement Nova model

P.K. Quark-Deconfinement Nova modelSahu et al, arXiv:nucl-th/0206010


V2 from urqmd
V2 from UrQMD Quark-Deconfinement Nova model

Brahms vs bleicher s talk
Brahms vs. Bleicher‘s talk Quark-Deconfinement Nova model

V2 of high pt particles factors 3 5 from plasma pressure
<v2> of high pt particles: Quark-Deconfinement Nova modelFactors 3-5 from plasma pressure!

Huge Plasma pressure!

HSD: pt>2 GeV/c

Cassing, Gallmeister, Carsten Greiner, HSD

Tomographic approach

SPS Quark-Deconfinement Nova model



Tomographic Approach

  • Consistent estimate with

  • hydrodynamic analysis

  • But:

  • assumes to much action in QGP

F.Karsch, Nucl.Phys.A698 (2002)

Ivan Vitev,LANL

Quark coalescence recombination bass charmonium follows flow

S.A. Voloshin, Nucl. Phys. A715, 379 (2003). Quark-Deconfinement Nova model

Z. Lin et al., Phys. Rev. Lett., 89, 202302 (2002).

R. Fries et al., nucl-th/0306027.

D. Molnar and S.A. Voloshin, PRL 91, 092301(2003).

*LEPS: Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 012002-1 (2003).

Quark Coalescence =Recombination -> BASS Charmonium follows flow!

STAR Preliminary

  • v2 of f and r0

J. Castillo, S. Salur , P. Sorensen

Urqmd also shows recombination no const qs
UrQMD also shows „Recombination“- no Const.Qs? Quark-Deconfinement Nova model

Xianglei Zhu FIAS/STAR from Bleicher‘s talk-spares

Flow v 1 v 2 of d dbar j y vs p t y
Flow (v Quark-Deconfinement Nova model1,v2) of D+Dbar & J/Y vs. pT , y

  • Flow of D+Dbar & J/Y followslight hadrons but v2 < 3%

Antiflow of pions kaons
Antiflow of pions & Kaons Quark-Deconfinement Nova model

Xianglei Zhu, M.Bleicher

Jetquenching in medium discovered@ rhic but open questions
Jetquenching in medium discovered@ RHIC Quark-Deconfinement Nova model but: Open Questions..

  • How much of jet quenching due to JET->Hadron coll?

  • Measure leading particle kind & p-tot -

  • Different X-sections – different quenching...

  • Jets thru equilibrized plasma-> Machshock in Plasma!

  • What is the sound velocity of the medium ?

  • Use jet-induced Mach-cones -> c_s of plasma !

expansion of small Quark-Deconfinement Nova modelcolor transparency configuration- 50% hadronic quenching !- 50% QGP needed Cassing,Gallmester Carsten Greiner

Rho + Proton suppression

50% of p_T - Suppression

due to hadron

Rescattering !

Plasma suppression

Correlated jets transport model prediction how much of jet quenching is due to pre hadronic fsi
Correlated Jets: Transport model prediction Quark-Deconfinement Nova modelHow much of Jet quenching is due to (pre-) hadronic FSI ?

  • p-p jet angular correlations o.k.

  • near-side jet angular correlation o.k. for central Au+Au

  • 50% too little suppression of away-side jet by hadrons !

  • 50% QGP needed !


(pre-)hadronic FSI

Plasma suppression


  • W. Cassing, K. Gallmeister,

  • Carsten Greiner,

  • hep-ph/0403208, QM’04 Proceedings

New hydro phenomenon conical mach shock flow

New hydro phenomenon: Quark-Deconfinement Nova model“conical” Mach Shock flow

H.Stöcker, W. Greiner Schopper 1975

Machshocks in Nuclei

H.Stöcker, nucl-th/04:

Jet in QG-Plasma=Machshock, Wakes


-> Cs -> Vflow compression of dense plasma

Phase transition

Casalderey-SolanaShuryak Teaney, hep-ph/04…..

Jets interact in the plasma causing wakes and shock waves relativ to jet axis
Jets interact in the plasma, causing Quark-Deconfinement Nova modelwakesand shock waves relativ to jet-axis

Hadronic rescattering responsible for energyloss?

Emission angle alpha relativ to jet axis:

Cos (alpha)

= Cs / V (jet)

Cs~ 0.3 in hadron matter

Cs = 0.57 for

m = 0

Thermalized QG plasma

Collapse of baryon flow 1 order phase trans h st cker hofmann scheid w greiner 1974 76
Collapse of Baryon Flow= 1.Order Phase Trans. H.Stöcker, Hofmann, Scheid, W.Greiner 1974/76

Bear Mountain 1974

2-4 AGeV/c Carbon on Silver

Nuclear EoS Lee-Wick (m=0) state

Distribution of radial velocity v_r (left) and modulus v (right).(note tsunami-like features, a positive and negative parts of the wave shuryak teany)

Phenix jet pair distribution from b jacak
PHENIX jet pair distribution (from B.Jacak) (right).

Away-side jet ~2sdip at p – 1.1:

60° Mach peak around Jetaxis, all bins

wrong projection, should be clear in principle axis system of the jet

Is such a sonic boom already observed
Is such a sonic boom already observed? (right).


flow of matter normal to the Mach cone seems to be observed! See data from STAR, Fuqiang Wang, JPhysG, QM04 nucl-ex/0404010, but stable?? J. Adams… 0501016