The Byzantine Empire
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The Byzantine Empire. AD330-1453. Byzantium: The "New Rome". The Roman Empire Divided in 294. Barbarian Invasions of the Roman Empire. Constantine’s City-- Constantinopolis. Cityscape of Istanbul (formerly Constantinople). 1st Class City. Constantinople: A Greek City (Istanbul Today).

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The Byzantine Empire

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The byzantine empire

The Byzantine Empire

AD330-1453


The byzantine empire

Byzantium:

The

"New Rome"


The byzantine empire

The Roman Empire Divided in 294


The byzantine empire

Barbarian Invasions of the Roman Empire


The byzantine empire

Constantine’s City--Constantinopolis


Cityscape of istanbul formerly constantinople

Cityscape of Istanbul (formerly Constantinople)

1st Class City


The byzantine empire

Constantinople: A Greek City(Istanbul Today)


Constantinople

Constantinople

  • Capital city of Byzantine Empire (AD 330-1453)

  • Founded by Constantine - to consolidate his rule.

  • Position - Confluence of Bosporus,the Golden Horn, and Sea of Marmara. Excellent for trade and defense.

  • City became a self contained fortress, 13 miles of walls, watchtowers and 50 fortified gates.

  • The Inlet of the Golden Horn was surrounded by hills - safe harbor in bad weather.


Chain golden horn

Chain – Golden Horn


Position continued

Position Continued

  • Bosporus - gateway from Black Sea to Sea of Marmara. Constatinople was at a shipping and trading crossroads Europe & Asia

  • From Sea of Marmara - strait of Dardanelles led to Agean Sea then Mediterranean Sea.

  • Whoever ruled Constantinople was in a position to control all trade Asia - Europe and Russia- Mediterranean


Byzantine culture

Byzantine Culture

  • Since started out as Eastern end of Roman Empire - strong Roman influences.

  • Modeled after Rome, built on 7 hills and divided into 14 districts.

  • Buildings reflected Roman influence - the hippodrome, forum and aqueducts.

  • Kept but relaxed many Roman rules and customs-circus, chariot races, emperor’s bread distribution.


Bridge between ancient and modern europe

Bridge between ancient and modern Europe

  • Christianity, Roman customs, and Greek classical culture all survived, blended and flourished in the Empire.

  • The empire saw 88 emperors come and go, survived centuries of public riots, religious differences, and foreign threats - ended in 1453 when Constantinople fell to the OttomanTurks.

  • Istanbul today is the only major city that straddles 2 continents.


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