Migrant-Host Relationships. Migrant-Host Relationships. The relationships between immigrants and their hosts are very complex, and understanding these relationships requires dialectical approach.
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The relationships between immigrants and their hosts are very complex, and understanding these relationships requires dialectical approach.
The two major reasons for migration involve economic and/or noneconomic reasons and complex push-pull (dialectical)factors.
The host may cause the immigrants to feel simultaneously accepted and rejected, privileged and disadvantaged, and relationships may be both active and motionless.
There are five types of relationships that structures relationship of migrants and host and their attitude toward each other’s cultures, assimilation, separation, integration, marginalization, and culture hybridity.
Assimilation is a type of cultural adaptation in which an individual gives up his or her own cultural heritage and adopts the mainstream culture identity.
Melting pot archetypal.
Central focus is not on retaining one’s cultural heritage.
Assimilation can be caused by ethnic and/or racial discrimination, society’s pressure, maintaining relationships with other groups in the new culture.
“…assimilation and melting-pot ideologies: we permit members of other cultures to immigrate, but require they adopt some (melting pot) or all (strict assimilation) features of our cultural template, in any event the central ones of individual autonomy and freedom” (Bennett, 2011).