Gerund or infinitive
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GERUND or INFINITIVE. 2nd of BACHILLERATO. GERUND. DEFINITION: THE GERUND IS THE ENGLISH FORM USED AS A NOUN USES: AS A SUBJECT TO TALK ABOUT GENERAL FACTS Riding is a enjoyable form of exercise Fishing and hunting are two stong traditions among rural people

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GERUND or INFINITIVE

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Gerund or infinitive

GERUND or INFINITIVE

2nd of BACHILLERATO


Gerund

GERUND

DEFINITION: THE GERUND IS THE ENGLISH FORM USED AS A NOUN

USES:

  • AS A SUBJECT TO TALK ABOUT GENERAL FACTS

    Riding is a enjoyable form of exercise

    Fishing and hunting are two stong traditions among rural people

  • AS A DIRECT OBJECT OF SOME VERBS (continue, enjoy, finish, like/dislike, love/hate, miss, prefer, recommend, suggest)

    Ann hates flying

    Doctors recommend eating five pieces of vegetables each day


Gerund1

GERUND

USES:

  • AFTER PREPOSITIONS

    Are you interested in working for us?

    The children are excited about going on holiday.

    This knife is only for cutting bread.

  • AFTER THE FOLLOWING VERBAL FORMS: can’t help, can’t stand, feel like, it’s no use / it’s no good, be/get used to, look forward to, spend / waste (time), don’t mind / would mind, it’s (not) worth, (have) difficulty

    It’s no used worrying about it.

    I had difficulty finding a place to live.

    She can’t help smoking.


Infinitive

INFINITIVE

DEFINITION: IT IS THE BASIC FORM OF THE VERB (PRECEDED BY TO)

USES:

  • AS A SUBJECT TALKING ABOUT A SPECIFIC FACT

    To explain the situation to him is the best way to be friends again.

    2.AFTER CERTAIN VERBS (agree, appear/seem, choose, decide, expect, hope, learn, manage, plan, promise, refuse, want/wish, offer, pretend)

    As I was late, I decided to take a taxi home.

    They decided not to go out because of the weather.


Infinitive1

INFINITIVE

USES:

3. AFTER SOME ADJECTIVES (busy, happy, ready, tired, etc.) OR ADVERBS (slowly, fast, low, high, etc.)

She was really busy to attend my call.

The music at the pub was too high to have a conversation.

4.AFTER THE INDIRECT OBJECT OF CERTAIN VERBS (advise, invite, tell, warn, teach, persuade, allow, order, encourage, force)

Who taught you to drive?

He warned me not to touch anything.

He doesn’t allow anyone to smoke in this house.

  • *SOME VERBS OF PERCEPTION (hear, see, feel), let AND make ARE FOLLOWED BY INFINITIVE WITHOUTTO

    They made me do it.

    We have heard him arrive home at four o’clock in the morning.


Verbs followed by gerund or infinitive

VERBS FOLLOWED BY GERUND OR INFINITIVE

  • SOME VERBS SUCH AS begin, propose, forbid, intend, start CAN BE FOLLOWED BY GERUND OR INFINITIVE WITHOUT A CHANGE OF MEANING

    The baby began crying or The baby began to cry

    John intends buying a house or John intends to buy a house

  • SOME VERBS SUCH AS stop, remember, regret, forget, try DO NOT HAVE THE SAME MEANING IF THEY ARE FOLLOWED BY GERUND OR INFINITIVE

    stop + gerund means ‘to leave an habit’

    Sarah stop biting her nails.

    stop + infinitive means ‘to interrupt an action to do another one’

    My mum stopped to look at the shop window.

    remember + gerund refers to a past action

    I clearly remember locking the door before I left.

    remember + infinitive refers to the future and it’s used to say something important to somebody

    Please remember to post the letter.


Verbs followed by gerund or infinitive1

VERBS FOLLOWED BY GERUND OR INFINITIVE

  • regret + gerund means ‘to regret a past action’

    We regret going to Egypt without sun cream.

    regret + infinitive foresees bad news

    I regret to tell you that it will rain tomorrow.

    forget + gerund indicates that we have forgotten something we did in the past

    He forgot having that CD.

    forget + infinitive indicates that we forget to do something

    I forgot to wash the dishes

    try + gerund means ‘do something as an experiment or test’

    I’ve got a terrible headache. I’ve tried taking an aspirin but it doesn’t help.

    try + infinitive means ‘to attempt to do something, to make an effort’

    I was very tired. I tried to keep my eyes open but I couldn’t


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