Research Paradigms. Qualitative Research Concepts. Most quantitative research texts identify three primary types of research:. Exploratory – research on a concept, people, or situation that the researcher knows little about.
Qualitative Research Concepts
(Please note however, that Rossman & Rollis use the term descriptive to describe some types of qualitative research)
Involves unstructured interviews, observation, and content analysis.
Little manipulation of subjects
Takes a great deal of time to conduct
Little social distance between researcher and subject
Involves experiments, surveys, testing, and structured content analysis, interviews, and observation.
High degree of structure
Some manipulation of subjects
May take little time to conduct
Much social distance between researcher and subject
For example, do you think:
That the “truth” can be determined in every situation?
Can everyone agree on the truth?
What evidence do you need to determine what is the truth?
Critical Humanism is a subtype of the Interpretive paradigm. The critical humanism approach is one in which the researcher involves people studied in the research process. Data is used for social change.
***Researchers are most often outsiders trying to understand a community, group, or individuals. Emic refers to the view of people in the community or the individuals studied. However, there are different approaches to qualitative research that vary in the amount of “social distance” between the researcher and people studied. Next week we will listen to an interviewer who became a part of the community he studied!
In groups, choose an object with which you and your group members are familiar (for example, a can of Pepsi). Hand the object to one person and ask her to describe it in any way she chooses. Continue this process with four or five people until you run out of things to say. Having heard other’s descriptions, in what way do you see the object differently. How have individual descriptions changed.