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“Admission, Review and Dismissal /Individual Education Plan MEETING”. An Overview of the ARD/IEP. David Keithley, Director of Special Education Stephanie Gain, Educ. Diagnostician T RINITY ISD SPECIAL EDUCATION DEPT.
An Overview of the ARD/IEP
David Keithley, Director of Special Education
Stephanie Gain, Educ. Diagnostician
TRINITY ISD SPECIAL EDUCATION DEPT.
TO BEGIN: RESOURCES TO ASSIST FAMILIES BETTER UNDERSTAND THE ARD/IEP PROCESS AND THEIR RIGHTS UNDER IDEA HAVE BEEN DEVELOPED BY THE TEXAS EDUCATION AGENCY (TEA).
The Procedural Safeguardsdocument addresses the specific rights and responsibilities of the parent in the special education process under the IDEA. The document, written in English and Spanish, defines common terms and explains specific rights related to activities and areas that impact a student’s educational program and services.
ARD: The letters stand for Admission, Review, & Dismissal committee. This is the name of the committee responsible for making the educational decisions for a student. The parents, or adult students, are members of the ARD committee.
IEP: The letters stand for Individual Education Plan.This is the plan written by the ARD Committee and describes the services that a student will receive from special education.
An ARD is needed for initial placement or any time the school staff or parents feel a change is needed in a student’s special education program. The IEP must be reviewed at least once a year, but an ARD meeting may be held at other times. For example, an ARD will need to be held to review additional assessment.
When is written notice required for an ARD meeting?
Parents are entitled to receive their written notice at least five school days before the meeting is scheduled to take place.
Sometimes it might be necessary to have an ARD meeting without waiting for the written notice but such situations should not happen very often. This usually happens if there is an emergency but parents can refuse to waive the notice requirement.
Can an ARD meeting be held without the parent?
Parents are strongly encouraged to attend and be involved in their child’s ARD meeting. Great efforts are made to schedule the ARDs during times that are convenient to both the parents and the school. In cases where the parents can not attend, they usually have given permission for the school to proceed without them.
A representative from the local school district administration, someone designated and authorized to commit the district’s resources to implement the IEP. Often, the building principal or assistant principal serve in this role.
A teacher from general instruction
A teacher from special education
The student’s parents, guardian, or designated representative
The student, when appropriate
The special education assessment reports are the basis for making all decisions in the ARD committee meeting. The reports describe the individual student’s educational competencies and needs as well as recommendations. A comprehensive individual assessment must be done at least every three years.
If the parents have testing from other professionals, it is a good practice to share the information with school personnel prior to an ARD in order for them to understand the information and consider it at the ARD.
The IEP must address all of his/her educational needs. This may include academic subjects (i.e., reading, writing, and math), as well as extracurricular activities, related services (like physical therapy or special transportation), and others. If the student needs special help in order to participate in the regular education classes, those special help needs (often called modifications) must be included in an IEP.
The IEP is a one-year plan and is written to cover one year. The goals in the IEP should be based on student achievement data and what the student is expected to achieve in each area of need at the end of the school year.
The IEP must begin by stating how the student is currently doing in each area. This must be based on testing or other assessment information.
The IEP must set out the amount of time that the student will spend getting each service in special education, including related services. This should be specific information such as "45 minutes twice a week,” AND NEVER "as needed." The IEP must state the position of the person who will provide each service, such as the special education teacher or physical therapist (specify location frequency and duration)
The IEP must set out a schedule for how and when the school district will measure the student’s progress and how the student’s parents will be regularly informed of progress. Goals and objectives must be reviewed every year, but they can be reviewed more often.
Requests for services or other changes in the IEP which the parents bring to the discussion
Any proposals , offers of services or other changes to the IEP proposed by the school
Any statement of denial or refusal by the school or parents
Any relevant information or comments about the discussion and whether a decision was made or not
Recommendations for accommodations and state assessments
An ARD meeting may be taped by the school district, the parents, or the student, as long as the participants are aware and/or agree the meeting is being recorded.
The ARD forms include a signature page where the participants sign that they participated in the meeting. They also indicate whether they agree or disagree with the decisions. When the parents disagree with the IEP, they will be offered the chance for a recess of the meeting for not more than 10 days, during which all members will have the opportunity to get additional information they might need in order to reach an agreement. Before the ARD ends, members should agree on a time to reconvene.
Best Practice is for our Parents and Teachers in our district receive a copy of the ARD document/IEPs within the week.