Learners first explicit language instruction in eap writing courses
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Learners First: Explicit Language Instruction in EAP Writing Courses. Gena Bennett http://genabennett.googlepages.com. Learners First. In making decisions about grammar in the L2 writing classroom, Byrd and Reid (1998) advocate beginning with learners rather than structures .

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Learners First: Explicit Language Instruction in EAP Writing Courses

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Learners first explicit language instruction in eap writing courses

Learners First:Explicit Language Instruction in EAP Writing Courses

Gena Bennett

http://genabennett.googlepages.com


Learners first

Learners First

  • In making decisions about grammar in the L2 writing classroom, Byrd and Reid (1998) advocate beginning with learners rather than structures.

  • Ferris (2008) cautions against expecting error free writing.

  • Error analysis helps to prioritize language instruction.


Computer aided error analysis cea

Computer-Aided Error Analysis(CEA)

  • CEA is the use of computers to analyse learner errors in a learner corpus.

  • Areas for CEA in L2 Writing Instruction

    • Grammar, Lexis, Pragmatics, Discourse


Tools

Tools

  • Error tagging code

  • Learner essays

  • Collaborators for reliability (ideally!)

  • Concordancing program

  • Classroom Materials


Error tagging code

Error Tagging Code


Error tagging code1

Error Tagging Code

  • General Codes

    • Verbs

    • Noun endings

    • Articles

    • Word Choice

    • Sentence Structure

    • Mechanics


Learner essays collaborators

Learner Essays (& Collaborators)

What was_vt amazing about her is her perseverance. One day her mum told her to not attend Central High because it was a harsh_nonid decision they will_vt all regret, but she_pa said she had to go. Many teenage girls should_wc have given up at that time_c but Melba was more perseverant than ever when she said that.


Concordancing program

Concordancing Program

  • MonoConc, WordSmith Tools, TEXTStat

  • Search for error codes

  • Compile concordance lines


Classroom materials

Classroom Materials

  • Consciousness Raising/Noticing activities

  • Traditional grammar activities

  • Communicative activities


Concordance lines

Concordance Lines

  • Melba suffered for all black people and people who sacrifice their life for others are great warriors.

  • Melba was determined to fight for integration and determination is one of the characteristics of a warrior.

  • She had to give up almost all her hobbies for her new life and she was not supported by her circle.

  • Melba reacted with non violence and this is an unbelievable thing.

  • Melba suffered not only for her benefit but also for the rights of all black people.

  • She did not like to let the segregationist do their thing but she knew not responding to them was the best thing.

  • Melba fought not only so she could attend a good school but also so all black people could attend a good school.


Learners first explicit language instruction in eap writing courses

PPP

Authentic Practice


Conclusion

Conclusion

  • “…Learner corpora give us access not only to errors but to learners’ total interlanguage” (Granger, 1998, p. 6).

  • Instructors may be aware of their students’ difficulties, but the only way to uncover error in context and become more aware of general performance is through CEA.

  • CEA discloses pedagogical need and can lead to increased autonomy.


References

References

  • Dagneaux, E., et al (1998). “Computer-aided error analysis”. System 26, p. 163-174.

  • Byrd, P., & Reid, J. (1998). Grammar in the composition classroom: Essays on teaching ESL for college-bound students. Boston: Heinle & Heinle.

  • Granger, S. (1998). Learner English on computer. London: Longman Publishers.

  • Granger, S. (1999). “Use of tenses by advanced EFL learners: evidence from an error-tagged computer corpus.” In Out of corpora: Studies in honour of Stig Johannson. Eds. H. Hasselgard & S. Oksefjell. Amsterdam: Rodopi, p. 191-202.


References1

References

  • Granger, S. (2002). “A bird’s-eye view of learner corpus research.” In Computer learner corpora, second language acquisition, and foreign language teaching. Eds. S. Granger, J. Hung, & S. Petch-Tyson. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing, p. 3-33.

  • Granger, S. (2003a). “The international corpus of learner English: a new resource for foreign language learning and teaching and second language acquisition research”. TESOL Quarterly 37(3), p. 538-546.

  • Granger, S. (2003b). “Error tagged learner corpora and CALL: a promising synergy.” CALICO Journal 20(3), p. 465-480.

  • Granger, S. (2004). “Computer learner corpus research: Current status and future prospects.” In Applied corpus linguistics: A multidimensional perspective. Eds. U. Connor & T.A. Upton. Amsterdam: Rodopi, p. 123-145.


References2

References

  • Hinkel, E. (2002). Second language writer's text: Linguistic and rhetorical features. Mahwah, NJ, US: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Publishers.


Learners first explicit language instruction in eap writing courses1

Learners First:Explicit Language Instruction in EAP Writing Courses

Gena Bennett

http://genabennett.googlepages.com


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