Section vii concept 20 the use and abuse of other drugs
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Section VII: Concept 20 The Use and Abuse of Other Drugs. Presentation Package for Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 7e. Drug abuse has serious health consequences and enormous personal, social, and economic costs. Definition of Drug.

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Section vii concept 20 the use and abuse of other drugs

Section VII: Concept 20

The Use and Abuse of Other Drugs

Presentation Package for Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 7e

Drug abuse has serious health consequences and enormous personal, social, and economic costs.

Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 7e


Definition of drug

Definition of Drug

  • Any substance (other than food) that alters structure or function in living organisms.

Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 7e


Definitions of drug abuse

Definitions of Drug Abuse

  • Using a drug as a habit

  • Use of a drug to an extent that it produces impairment of social, psychological or physiological functioning.

Click for informationfrom the National Institute on Drug Abuse

Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 7e


Classification of illicit prescription drugs

Classification of Illicit & Prescription Drugs

  • Psychoactive (mood-altering) Drugs

    • 5 major groups

      • Depressants

      • Opiate narcotics

      • Stimulants

      • Hallucinogens

      • Designer drugs

Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 7e


Depressants

Depressants

  • Alcohol

  • Tranquilizers

  • Barbiturates

  • Small doses slow HR & respiration

  • Large doses dramatically depress HR & respiration enough to cause death

Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 7e


Opiate narcotics

Opiate Narcotics

  • Heroin

  • Codeine

  • Morphine

  • Methadone

  • Smoked, injected, sniffed, or swallowed

Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 7e


Stimulants

Stimulants

  • Nicotine

  • Caffeine

  • Cocaine

    • Coke: powder form

    • Crack: rocklike form

  • Amphetamines (speed)

  • Crystal Methamphetamine (ICE)

Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 7e


Designer drugs

Designer Drugs

  • Made in laboratories

  • Have many of the same properties as the drugs they simulate

    • Pain relievers

    • Anesthetics

    • Amphetamines

Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 7e


Hallucinogens psychedelics

Hallucinogens(Psychedelics)

  • LSD

  • PCP (angel dust)

  • Marijuana (see next slide)

  • Inhalants (see future slide)

  • Less-known drugs

    • “Shrooms”

    • Peyote cactus buttons

Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 7e


Marijuana

Marijuana

  • Classified as a mild hallucinogenic but generally considered as a separate drug category

  • Most widely used illicit drug in the U.S.

See Web20-2 for more information on marijuana use and issues

Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 7e


Inhalants

Inhalants

3 types

  • Chemical solvents

    • Glue, gasoline, paints, paint thinner typewriter correction fluid, lighter fluid, shoe polish, & liquid wax

  • Aerosols

    • Hair spray, air fresheners, insect spray, & spray paint

  • Nitrites

    • Amyl nitrite, nitrous oxide (laughing gas), & butyl nitrite (a room odorizer or liquid incense)

Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 7e


Consequences of drug use

Consequences of Drug Use

  • Increased morbidity/mortality

  • Reduced productivity

  • Economic costs (see next slide)

  • Significant legal problems

  • Variety of negative health effects (see future slide)

Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 7e


Economic cost of drug abuse on society

Economic Cost of Drug Abuse on Society

Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 7e


Examples of serious health effects from drug use

Examples of Serious Health Effects from Drug Use

  • Brain damage: ice, heroin, PCP, inhalants, MDMA

  • Convulsions/strokes: ice, cocaine, uppers

  • Paranoia, psychosis: designer drugs, hallucinogens

  • Heart and/or lung damage: PCP, marijuana

  • Memory impairment: marijuana

  • Liver and/or kidney damage:inhalants, alcohol

  • Miscarriage, birth defects: cocaine, heroin, LSD

  • Impaired immune system: narcotics, PCP

Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 7e


Why people use drugs similar to alcohol tobacco

Lab 20a information

Why People Use Drugs(similar to alcohol & tobacco)

  • Peer pressure

  • Feel more “adult”

  • To experiment

  • To have fun

  • Makes one "feel good“

  • Rebellion against parents/authority

  • Cope with pressure/stress

  • Thrill seeking behavior

See Web20-4 for information on the concept of “gateway” drugs.

Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 7e


Addiction

Addiction

  • Drug-induced condition in which a person requires frequent administration of a drug in order to avoid withdrawal: also referred to as physical dependence.

  • 50% genetics; 50% your control

  • Stages of Addiction

    • Exposure

    • Compulsion

    • Loss of control

Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 7e


Drug dependency

Drug Dependency

  • Tolerance

  • Psychological dependency

  • Physical dependency

Click for informationfrom the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Assoc.

Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 7e


Rates of drug use on college campuses data from 59 539 students

Rates of Drug Use on College Campuses (Data from 59,539 students)

Sometime Past 30 days

Marijuana58%32%

Cocaine12% 2%

Amphetamines14% 3%

Sedatives 6% 1%

Hallucinogens10% 4%

Narcotics 2%<1%

Inhalants 6% 1%

"Designer drugs" 4%<1%

Steroids 1% 1%

Web20-03

Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 7e


Attitudes and perceptions toward drugs on campus

Attitudes and Perceptions toward Drugs on Campus

  • 61% of students believe that the average student uses illegal drugs weekly.

  • 84% of students indicated they would prefer NOT to have drugs at parties.

Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 7e


Presentation package for concepts of fitness and wellness 7e

Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 7e


Trends in drug use over time

Trends in Drug Use Over Time

Trend for increasing drug use during the 1990’s with some evidence of stability near the end of the decade.

See Web20-3 for more information on drug trends

Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 7e


Trends in marijuana use among high school students

Trends in Marijuana UseAmong High School Students

Consistent pattern of declining use of drugs in HS youth in past

8-10 years

Youth Risk Behavior Survey – Youth Online Database

Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 7e


Trends in cocaine use among high school students

Trends in Cocaine UseAmong High School Students

Some pattern of declining cocaine use in the in HS youth since 1999

Youth Risk Behavior Survey – Youth Online Database

Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 7e


What factors are contributing to the decline in drug use and abuse among youth

What factors are contributing to the decline in drug use and abuse among youth?

Will it continue?

What else needs to be done?


Drug issues in society

Drug Issues in Society

  • Increased crime from drug use

  • Increased violence from drug use

  • What is the best solution?

  • more education to not start?

  • better treatment for addicted users?

  • stricter enforcement?

  • harder punishments for offenders?

  • more efforts to reduce flow of illegal drugs?

See Web20-07 for detailed information on treatment options

Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 7e


Policies under consideration to reduce drug use in in society

Policies under Consideration to Reduce Drug Use in in Society

  • Zero tolerance laws?

  • Drug testing in the workplace?

Click for information from the Organization for a Drug Free America

Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 7e


Web resources

Web Resources

Online Learning Center

“On the Web” pages for Concept

Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 7e


Supplemental graphics

Supplemental Graphics

Lab Information


Lab 20a information use and abuse of other drugs

Lab 20a InformationUse and Abuse of Other Drugs

Return to presentation

  • Complete an assessment on self or a friend regarding risks for abusing drugs.(note: includes prescription and other drugs)

  • Based on the results, describe what you would recommend for this person.

Concepts of Fitness and Wellness 7e


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