Bet ha knesset
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House of Meeting Synagogue Bet T’filah or Bet Ha-Midrash. Bet Ha-Knesset. Desk or platform To read Torah scrolls No prescribed position. Bimah. Divides men and women in Orthodox worship places Erzat nashim or court of women in the Temple is the origin.

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Bet ha knesset

House of Meeting

Synagogue

Bet T’filah or Bet Ha-Midrash

Bet Ha-Knesset


Bimah

Desk or platform

To read Torah scrolls

No prescribed position

Bimah


Mechitzah

Divides men and women in Orthodox worship places

Erzat nashim or court of women in the Temple is the origin

Worshipping together was considered distracting

Mechitzah


Yizkor

Tables of remembrance

To recall the dead

Yizkor


Menorah

Isaiah 42:6

Chanukah

Menorah


Aron kodesh

Holy Ark

Houses Torah scrolls

Parochet or curtain

Usually tablets representing the commandments

Ner tamid or eternal flame

Congregation should face it and it should be east

Aron Kodesh


Star of david

Interlocking triangles

Magen David

Became a Zionist symbol

State of Israel

Star of David


Yarmulke or kippa

Skull cap

Not required by law

Respect for God

From Roman times

Yarmulke or Kippa


Shema

Shema

  • Hear, O Israel! The LORD is our God, the LORD alone!

  • Therefore, you shall love the LORD, your God, with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your strength. Take to heart these words which I enjoin on you today. Drill them into your children. Speak of them at home and abroad, whether you are busy or at rest. Bind them at your wrist as a sign and let them be as a pendant on your forehead. Write them on the doorposts of your houses and on your gates.


Tefillin

Leather pouches

Small Torah scrolls inside

Fulfill the commandment of the Shema

Tefillin


Mezuzah

Small Box

v is on the front for the Shema

Small torah scroll inside

Mezuzah


Numbers 15 38 41

Numbers 15:38-41

  • The LORD said to Moses, "Speak to the Israelites and tell them that they and their descendants must put tassels on the corners of their garments, fastening each corner tassel with a violet cord. When you use these tassels, let the sight of them remind you to keep all the commandments of the LORD, without going wantonly astray after the desires of your hearts and eyes. Thus you will remember to keep all my commandments and be holy to your God. I, the LORD, am your God who, as God, brought you out of Egypt that I, the LORD, may be your God."


Tallit and tallit katan

Tallit

Tallit Katan

Tallit and Tallit Katan

Tzittzit are the tassles or fringe


Jewish calendar

Combines solar and lunar features

Hodesh – that which is renewed

Lunar month is 29.5 days; 2 months = 59; 354 days or 11 short of solar calendar

Double the month of Adar in years 3, 6, 8, 11, 14, 17, and 19 to keep seasons right

Festivals on specific days on Jewish calendar (15-22 Nisan is Passover), but will vary on the solar calendar.

Jewish Calendar


What year

Anno Mundi or “from the creation of the world”

3760 BCE

7th month or Tishrei

3760 + 2005 = 5765 AM; at the New Year in October (often September) we go to 5766

What Year?


Rosh hashanah

Head of the Year or New Year’s Day

1st of Tishrei (Sept or Oct on our calendar)

Focus is on God as creator

Starts a 10 day period of penitence or yamim noraim (days of awe) or asseret y’mey t’shuvah (days of repentance)

Rosh Hashanah


Yom kippur

Day of Atonement

Holiest Day of the Year

Tashlich or casting away sins

Kittel or special robe

Yom Kippur


Pesach

Passover

Z’man cheiruteinu

Chag ha-matzot

Chag ha’aviv

Seder or “order” on the first night

Haggadah

Matzot

Karpas

Haroset

Maror

Beitzah

Zeroah

Pesach


Shavuot

Pentecost or Festival of Weeks

50 days (7x7+1)

Moses gets the Torah at Sinai

Shavuot


Sukkot

Sukkot

  • Feast of Booths or Tabernacles

  • Wandering in Wilderness

  • 3 walled structures

  • Z’man simchateinu or a time of rejoicing


Kosher

Kashrut – right, fit, suitable

Treyf or torn

Leviticus 11; Deut 14

Animals

Must chew cud

Must have cloven hooves

Fish

If they lack fins or scales, they are out

Scales must be easily removable

No scavengers

Kosher


More guidelines

Most birds are okay

No insects

Milk and eggs from unclean animals are also unclean

No animals killed by other animals

No animals with deflects or flaws

Certain parts are to be avoided: no suet, no blood

More Guidelines


Ritual slaughter

Shechitah

Ritual slaughter

shochet

Draining the blood

Ritual Slaughter


Meat and dairy

Exodus 23:19; 34:26 and Deut 14:21

Can’t boil meat and dairy together; can’t eat together

Chok – law with a reason beyond comprehension; just do it

Pareve or neutral

Meat and Dairy


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