Plains indians
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Plains Indians. Indians of the Plains. American Indians moved onto the plains in order to follow the buffalo Would hunt the buffalo on foot With the arrival of horses their hunting grounds or areas where they traditionally hunted

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Plains Indians

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Plains indians

Plains Indians


Indians of the plains

Indians of the Plains

  • American Indians moved onto the plains in order to follow the buffalo

  • Would hunt the buffalo on foot

  • With the arrival of horses their hunting grounds or areas where they traditionally hunted

  • Many lived in tepees, movable homes made from animal hides stretched over long poles

  • Lived in bands, or small groups made up of a few families, to meet for celebrations.


Tonkawa

Tonkawa

  • Lived in the north central plains of Texas

  • Hunted buffalo and other small animals

  • Would use the buffalo hides for clothing and for their tepees

  • In the 1700s they were driven from their hunting grounds by the Apache

  • They had to resort to farming and had little success

  • By the 1900s they no longer existed and joined other Native American groups


The apache

The Apache

  • Orginally came from Canada

  • The Lipan and the Mescalero were the Apache groups in Texas

  • Were organized into bands and traveled, hunted, and fought together

  • Very skilled at riding horses

  • Used every part of the buffalo to make supplies, shelter, and food

  • Some Lipan Apache farmed and grew corn, pumpkins, and watermelons


Apache appearance

Apache Appearance

  • Lipan Apache men cut their hair very short on the left side and let the right grow long

  • Wore feathers and other decorations

  • Plucked out all their beard and eyebrows


Apache cont

Apache cont.

  • The Apache often raided their neighbors and were feared throughout Texas

  • The arrival of the Comanche and the Spanish led to their decline

  • By the early 1800s many were driven from Texas into New Mexico


Comanche

Comanche

  • Skilled fighters, the Comanche came to control much of northern and western Texas

  • They wanted greater access to buffalo and wild horses.

  • Their bands were headed by a chief, who made most of the important decisions

  • They were skilled buffalo hunters and became very wealthy

  • The Comanche skilled fighters and controlled much of the plains in which the Spanish called Comancheria


Kiowa

Kiowa

  • Last plains group to arrive in Texas

  • Hunted buffalo and traded with other nearby groups

  • The Kiowa became allies of the Comanche and both groups resisted from being moved from their way of life


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