22 3 writing formulas and naming compounds
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22.3 – Writing formulas and Naming Compounds PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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22.3 – Writing formulas and Naming Compounds. Binary Ionic Compounds. A binary compound is a compound composed of two elements To write a chemical formula for a binary compound, you need to know: which elements are involved

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22.3 – Writing formulas and Naming Compounds

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22 3 writing formulas and naming compounds

22.3 – Writing formulas and Naming Compounds


Binary ionic compounds

Binary Ionic Compounds

  • A binary compound is a compound composed of two elements

  • To write a chemical formula for a binary compound, you need to know:

    • which elements are involved

    • how many electrons they lose, gain, or share in order to become stable


Oxidation number

Oxidation Number

  • An oxidation number tells you how many electrons an atom has gained, lost, or shared to become stable

    • For ionic compounds the oxidation number is the same as the charge on the ion

      • For example, a sodium ion has a charge of 1+ and an oxidation number of 1+.


Transition elements

Transition Elements

  • When naming these compounds, the oxidation number is expressed in the name with a Roman Numeral

  • For example, the oxidation number of iron in iron (III) oxide is 3+.


Ionic compounds are neutral

Ionic Compounds are NEUTRAL

  • Although the individual ions in a compound carry charges, the compound itself is neutral

  • A formula must have the right number of positive ions and the right number of negative ions so the charges balance


Example calcium fluoride

Example – Calcium Fluoride

  • A calcium ion has a charge of 2+ and a fluoride ion has a charge of 1-

  • You need two fluoride ions for every calcium ion in order for the charges to cancel and the compound to be neutral

  • The formula = CaF2


Step by step writing formulas

Step By Step – Writing Formulas

1. Write the symbol of the element (or polyatomic ion) with the positive oxidation number or charge

2. Write the symbol of the element (or polyatomic ion) with the negative oxidation number or charge

3. The charge (without the sign) of one ion becomes the subscript of the other ion.

  • Reduce the subscripts to the smallest whole numbers that retain the ratio of ions.


Criss cross method

Criss-Cross Method


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