Background to workshop
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Background to Workshop. Ann Gardiner. EUROPEAN TOPIC CENTRE ON AIR AND CLIMATE CHANGE. Why do we need it?. To understand what action is needed in the EU to meet the Kyoto Commitment What will happen if No new action is taken by Member States (MS) MS and EC implement planned measures

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Background to Workshop

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Background to workshop

Background to Workshop

Ann Gardiner

EUROPEAN TOPIC CENTRE ON AIR AND CLIMATE CHANGE


Why do we need it

Why do we need it?

  • To understand what action is needed in the EU to meet the Kyoto Commitment

  • What will happen if

    • No new action is taken by Member States (MS)

    • MS and EC implement planned measures

    • MS and EC implement new measures

EUROPEAN TOPIC CENTRE ON AIR AND CLIMATE CHANGE


What do we want to do

What do we want to do?

  • Basic comparisons - do MS and EU projections match?

  • Do we understand differences?

  • Do we understand uncertainty?

  • Can we reduce uncertainty?

  • Can we quantify proposed policies and measures?

EUROPEAN TOPIC CENTRE ON AIR AND CLIMATE CHANGE


Background to workshop

How?

  • First step - improve reporting on transparency, completeness and comparability?

  • Spread Best Practice?

EUROPEAN TOPIC CENTRE ON AIR AND CLIMATE CHANGE


Reporting requirements

Reporting requirements

  • Annual report to Monitoring Mechanism - can be the National Climate Change Programmes or National Communications to UNFCCC

  • Reporting requirements given in Guidelines agreed by Working Groups I and II and the Committee

  • Largely based on UNFCCC guidelines

EUROPEAN TOPIC CENTRE ON AIR AND CLIMATE CHANGE


Projections reporting 2000

Projections reporting 2000

  • Reasonable response from MS (extended deadline) but transparency and completeness of information variable

  • Most useful information from National Climate Change Programmes (Austria, Denmark, France, Germany, Luxembourg, Netherlands, UK)

  • Description and analysis of projections limited

EUROPEAN TOPIC CENTRE ON AIR AND CLIMATE CHANGE


Projections reporting 2001

Projections reporting 2001

  • Reporting by deadline not improved

  • Transparency, completeness and comparability not improved except where National Climate Change Programmes provided (Finland and Ireland in 2001)

  • Questionnaire to MS to obtain underlying information to improve Commission’s analysis of the projections

  • EC report timing out of sequence with 3rd NC to UNFCCC

EUROPEAN TOPIC CENTRE ON AIR AND CLIMATE CHANGE


Questionnaire 2001

Questionnaire 2001

  • Aim to improve transparency of MS reporting

  • Tried to define important elements of the reporting

  • AEAT and FhG-ISI used available information under the Monitoring Mechanism to fill in as much as possible

  • Sent to MS to fill in the rest

EUROPEAN TOPIC CENTRE ON AIR AND CLIMATE CHANGE


Problems in 2001

Problems in 2001

  • Five MS did not reply to questionnaire (Spain, Ireland, Greece, Luxembourg, Austria) - limited extra information in most replies

  • Some questions not well enough specified

  • Comparability can not be solved through questionnaires (e.g. sector definitions for projections), other solutions needed (e.g. Good Practice Guidance)

EUROPEAN TOPIC CENTRE ON AIR AND CLIMATE CHANGE


Outcome in 2001

Outcome in 2001

  • Projections from Member States were only comparable for a few sectors and even then not all Member States were covered (see draft EEA report)

  • Key assumptions: GDP was available for 12 MS, international oil prices for 10 and population for 9

EUROPEAN TOPIC CENTRE ON AIR AND CLIMATE CHANGE


Discussion

Discussion

  • Can we agree sector definitions for reporting of projections - IPCC?

  • Can we improve reporting requirements - transparency and comparability (i.e. more prescriptive)?

  • How do we spread best practice?

EUROPEAN TOPIC CENTRE ON AIR AND CLIMATE CHANGE


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