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06. Passato prossimo. P. Oorts 2009. passato prossimo = the “near” past (proximity). ieri , stamattina , la settimana scorsa , due ore fa …… sono andato al cinema, ho fatto colazione NB there’s another tense called the passato remoto (far past), which is more literary

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06 passato prossimo

06. Passatoprossimo

P. Oorts 2009


Passato prossimo the near past proximity
passatoprossimo = the “near” past (proximity)

  • ieri, stamattina, la settimanascorsa, due ore fa …… sonoandato al cinema, ho fattocolazione

  • NB there’s another tense called the passatoremoto (far past), which is more literary

    • Cristoforo Colombo andò in America nel 1492.


Passato prossimo is a compound tense consists of two words components
Passatoprossimo is a “compound tense” (consists of two words, components)

the auxiliary verb

the past participle

GENERAL RULE

-are -> -ato

-ere -> -uto

-ire -> -ito

IRREGULARS

  • avere (most cases, all transitive verbs)

  • essere (mostly movement)


Transitive verbs
transitive verbs

  • (can) have a direct object

  • can have a passive form

    • I see John

    • I have seen John (active)

    • John is seen by me (passive)

      NB intransitive verbs are e.g. to stay, to die (you cannot die something)

      sonorimasto a casa

      sonomorto



Pratica
Pratica

  • 134 A e B insieme

  • 135 D in coppia

    mai = never

    haimai … = have you ever …

    Answer WHEN you did it: 2 annifa, l’annoscorsoecc


Passato prossimo con essere
passatoprossimo con essere

  • intransitive verbs (they have no direct object, can’t have one)

    • morire, nascere, , essere, rimanere, restare, diventare

  • they usually express movement of some sort

    • andarearrivareentrarepartiretornareuscire


With essere the past participle has to agree with the subject in gender an number
with essere the past participle has to agree with the subject in gender an number

  • Giulioèandato in chiesa

  • Rebecca èandata in sinagoga.

  • Noisiamorestati a casa.

  • Pratica: 137 G (insieme)

  • pratica: 137 H: per iscritto


  • 138 j cenerentola al ballo
    138 J Cenerentolaal ballo



    Pratica1
    pratica

    • 140 L insieme

    • 140 M in coppia (yeas, already VS no, not yet)

    • 140 N:

    • each person gets assigned one question and has to ask all the others, using their italian name (ask if you don’t know it). Report to class: 5 studentihannodettounabugiaecc


    141 0 cosa ha fatto
    141 0. Cosaha fatto?



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