06 passato prossimo
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06. Passato prossimo. P. Oorts 2009. passato prossimo = the “near” past (proximity). ieri , stamattina , la settimana scorsa , due ore fa …… sono andato al cinema, ho fatto colazione NB there’s another tense called the passato remoto (far past), which is more literary

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06. Passato prossimo

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06. Passatoprossimo

P. Oorts 2009


passatoprossimo = the “near” past (proximity)

  • ieri, stamattina, la settimanascorsa, due ore fa …… sonoandato al cinema, ho fattocolazione

  • NB there’s another tense called the passatoremoto (far past), which is more literary

    • Cristoforo Colombo andò in America nel 1492.


Passatoprossimo is a “compound tense” (consists of two words, components)

the auxiliary verb

the past participle

GENERAL RULE

-are -> -ato

-ere -> -uto

-ire -> -ito

IRREGULARS

  • avere (most cases, all transitive verbs)

  • essere (mostly movement)


transitive verbs

  • (can) have a direct object

  • can have a passive form

    • I see John

    • I have seen John (active)

    • John is seen by me (passive)

      NB intransitive verbs are e.g. to stay, to die (you cannot die something)

      sonorimasto a casa

      sonomorto


Passato prossimo con avere


Pratica

  • 134 A e B insieme

  • 135 D in coppia

    mai = never

    haimai … = have you ever …

    Answer WHEN you did it: 2 annifa, l’annoscorsoecc


passatoprossimo con essere

  • intransitive verbs (they have no direct object, can’t have one)

    • morire, nascere, , essere, rimanere, restare, diventare

  • they usually express movement of some sort

    • andarearrivareentrarepartiretornareuscire


with essere the past participle has to agree with the subject in gender an number

  • Giulioèandato in chiesa

  • Rebecca èandata in sinagoga.

  • Noisiamorestati a casa.

  • Pratica: 137 G (insieme)

  • pratica: 137 H: per iscritto


  • 138 J Cenerentolaal ballo


    Participi passati irregolari


    pratica

    • 140 L insieme

    • 140 M in coppia (yeas, already VS no, not yet)

    • 140 N:

    • each person gets assigned one question and has to ask all the others, using their italian name (ask if you don’t know it). Report to class: 5 studentihannodettounabugiaecc


    141 0. Cosaha fatto?


    Le vacanze a Cocoruba


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