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Urban Freight Transport, Logistics and ITS. Dr Russell G. Thompson Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering rgthom@unimelb.edu.au. Outline. Sustainability Intelligent Freight Systems City Logistics Urban consolidation centres e-Commerce (B2C) Product Swaps Container Management

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Urban Freight Transport, Logistics and ITS

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Urban Freight Transport, Logistics and ITS

Dr Russell G. Thompson

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

rgthom@unimelb.edu.au


Outline

Sustainability

Intelligent Freight Systems

City Logistics

Urban consolidation centres

e-Commerce (B2C)

Product Swaps

Container Management

Co-opetition

Next Generation Urban Freight Infrastructure


“We do not inherit the earth from our ancestors; we borrow it from our children”

from a Mexican Poster

(M.R. Reuter, 2003)


Sustainable Cities

Freight systems affect the economic prosperity & liveability of cities

Prosperity and liveability are related

Both are vital for sustainability


Urban Freight Problems

  • Noise

  • Emissions (Particulates & GHG)

  • Congestion

  • Crashes

  • Vibration

  • Energy consumption

  • Visual intrusion

    ITS can reduce these problems by reducing the amount of truck travel in cities…


Intelligence

  • Analysing

    - sensing & analysing environment

    - detecting changes, perceiving problems

  • Making decisions

    - acting rationally, choosing options to solve

    problems

  • Learning

    - using experience to make improvements:

    identifying new problems & decision making


Intelligent Freight Systems

Those that are:

Clever

- successful in copy with new situations & solving problems

Alert

- fast in perceiving & understanding problems & finding answers to challenges


ITS key elements

  • Intelligence

    • gaining knowledge (data collection & information processing)

  • Integration

    • connecting & co-ordinating key elements


Urban Freight

Is a derived demand

Primary drivers are from processes associated with management of inventory such as manufacturing & retailing


City Logistics

City Logistics is an integrated approach for urban goods distribution based on the systems approach. It promotes innovative schemes that reduce the total cost (including economic, social and environmental) of goods movement within cities

OECD, (2003)Delivering the Goods,

Challenges for the 21st Century, Paris.


City Logistics

City Logistics is an integrated approach for urban goods distribution based on the systems approach. It promotes innovative schemes that reduce the total cost (including economic, social and environmental) of goods movement within cities

OECD, (2003)Delivering the Goods,

Challenges for the 21st Century, Paris.


City Logistics is the process for totally optimising the logistics and transport activities by private companies with the support of advanced information systems in urban areas considering the traffic environment, its congestion, safety and energy savings within the framework of a market economy

Taniguchi, Thompson & Yamada, 2001


City Logistics Schemes

Public Logistics Terminals

Co-operative Freight Systems

Access Regulations

Advanced Vehicle Routing & Scheduling Systems (CVRSS)

Intelligent Transport Systems are crucial for these schemes to be successfully implemented…


Structure of visions for city logistics


Institute for City Logistics

Est. 1999

Aim: to promote City Logistics

esp. modelling, evaluation & data collection

Activities

  • International Conferences

    6th Int. Conf. June 2008 in Puerto Vallarta

  • Workshops

  • Newsletters

  • Collaborative Research

    www.citylogistics.org


Multiple UCC

Kolher & Groke, 2004


1 UCC with Pick-up Points (Kassel)

Kolher & Groke, 2004


ITS to support Urban Consolidation Centres & Co-operative Freight Systems

Dynamic & integrated

Order Processing

Vehicle Routing & Scheduling

Load Planning

Transhipment

Track & Trace

Eg. Centre for Eco-Friendly Distribution, Lucca, Italy

(Di Bugno et al, 5th Int. City Logistics Conference, Crete, 2007)


B2C Food Items


Single Urban DC


Regional DC’s


VKT with 1 distribution centre


VKT with regional distribution centres


Product Swaps

Distribute 500kg between each site

Vehicle capacity = 2000kg

Each site ≥ 1 vehicle

Transhipment possible at each site

Based on distributing electrical goods between retail shops in Melbourne

Concept could be applied to multiple carriers, horizontal collaboration (Fischer et al, 1995)


4 5vehicles no transhipment


4 4vehicles pickups at store w/o vehicle


4 4vehicles with transhipment at stores


4 4vehicles with transhipment at common location


ITS for Product Swaps

  • Determining nodes for swaps

  • Coordinating arrivals and departures of vehicles

  • Load planning

  • Determining nodes that vehicles need to visit


Loaded Container (Import)

Empty pick-up

Marine

Terminal

&

Container Park

Local Importer

Local

Exporter

Loaded Container (Export)

Empty return

Cycle of Container Handling

Empty Running


Current Container Movements


Movements with Triangulation


Co-opetition

Sharing vehicles, warehouses & distribution centres

Increase load factors & decrease dead running

All schemes require ITS for successful implementation


Collaborative Distribution

  • Shared storage location(s)

  • Networks restructured using advanced vehicle routing & scheduling systems

  • Distribution to outlets by areas & priority

  • Substantial savings in transport costs (20-30%)

  • Significant reduction in environmental & social costs


Next GenerationUrban Freight Infrastructure

Intelligent Freight Systems using ITS

  • Vehicle routing & scheduling systems

  • Auction systems (portals)

  • Information Systems (eg. travel time & reliability)

  • Track &Trace Systems

  • Monitoring (eg. AVL)

    Necessary to support Public Logistics Terminals & Intermodal Freight Terminals


Common information platform in Public-Private Partnerships


Other Initiatives

  • In-vehicle systems

  • Advanced vehicle routing & scheduling

  • e-Commerce

  • Auction and matching systems

  • Compliance monitoring systems


Urban Freight Transport, Logistics and ITS

Dr Russell G. Thompson

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

rgthom@unimelb.edu.au


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