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Urban Freight Transport, Logistics and ITS. Dr Russell G. Thompson Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering [email protected] Outline. Sustainability Intelligent Freight Systems City Logistics Urban consolidation centres e-Commerce (B2C) Product Swaps Container Management

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Urban freight transport logistics and its l.jpg
Urban Freight Transport, Logistics and ITS

Dr Russell G. Thompson

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

[email protected]


Outline l.jpg
Outline

Sustainability

Intelligent Freight Systems

City Logistics

Urban consolidation centres

e-Commerce (B2C)

Product Swaps

Container Management

Co-opetition

Next Generation Urban Freight Infrastructure


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“We do not inherit the earth from our ancestors; we borrow it from our children”

from a Mexican Poster

(M.R. Reuter, 2003)


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Sustainable Cities it from our children”

Freight systems affect the economic prosperity & liveability of cities

Prosperity and liveability are related

Both are vital for sustainability


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Urban Freight Problems it from our children”

  • Noise

  • Emissions (Particulates & GHG)

  • Congestion

  • Crashes

  • Vibration

  • Energy consumption

  • Visual intrusion

    ITS can reduce these problems by reducing the amount of truck travel in cities…


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Intelligence it from our children”

  • Analysing

    - sensing & analysing environment

    - detecting changes, perceiving problems

  • Making decisions

    - acting rationally, choosing options to solve

    problems

  • Learning

    - using experience to make improvements:

    identifying new problems & decision making


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Intelligent Freight Systems it from our children”

Those that are:

Clever

- successful in copy with new situations & solving problems

Alert

- fast in perceiving & understanding problems & finding answers to challenges


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ITS key elements it from our children”

  • Intelligence

    • gaining knowledge (data collection & information processing)

  • Integration

    • connecting & co-ordinating key elements


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Urban Freight it from our children”

Is a derived demand

Primary drivers are from processes associated with management of inventory such as manufacturing & retailing


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City Logistics it from our children”

City Logistics is an integrated approach for urban goods distribution based on the systems approach. It promotes innovative schemes that reduce the total cost (including economic, social and environmental) of goods movement within cities

OECD, (2003)Delivering the Goods,

Challenges for the 21st Century, Paris.


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City Logistics it from our children”

City Logistics is an integrated approach for urban goods distribution based on the systems approach. It promotes innovative schemes that reduce the total cost (including economic, social and environmental) of goods movement within cities

OECD, (2003)Delivering the Goods,

Challenges for the 21st Century, Paris.


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City Logistics is the process for totally optimising the logistics and transport activities by private companies with the support of advanced information systems in urban areas considering the traffic environment, its congestion, safety and energy savings within the framework of a market economy

Taniguchi, Thompson & Yamada, 2001


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City Logistics Schemes logistics and transport activities by private companies with the support of

Public Logistics Terminals

Co-operative Freight Systems

Access Regulations

Advanced Vehicle Routing & Scheduling Systems (CVRSS)

Intelligent Transport Systems are crucial for these schemes to be successfully implemented…


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Structure of visions for city logistics logistics and transport activities by private companies with the support of


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Institute for City Logistics logistics and transport activities by private companies with the support of

Est. 1999

Aim: to promote City Logistics

esp. modelling, evaluation & data collection

Activities

  • International Conferences

    6th Int. Conf. June 2008 in Puerto Vallarta

  • Workshops

  • Newsletters

  • Collaborative Research

    www.citylogistics.org


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Multiple UCC logistics and transport activities by private companies with the support of

Kolher & Groke, 2004


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1 UCC with Pick-up Points (Kassel) logistics and transport activities by private companies with the support of

Kolher & Groke, 2004


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ITS to support Urban Consolidation Centres & Co-operative Freight Systems

Dynamic & integrated

Order Processing

Vehicle Routing & Scheduling

Load Planning

Transhipment

Track & Trace

Eg. Centre for Eco-Friendly Distribution, Lucca, Italy

(Di Bugno et al, 5th Int. City Logistics Conference, Crete, 2007)


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B2C Food Items Freight Systems


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Single Urban DC Freight Systems


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Regional DC’s Freight Systems




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Product Swaps Freight Systems

Distribute 500kg between each site

Vehicle capacity = 2000kg

Each site ≥ 1 vehicle

Transhipment possible at each site

Based on distributing electrical goods between retail shops in Melbourne

Concept could be applied to multiple carriers, horizontal collaboration (Fischer et al, 1995)


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4 Freight Systems5vehicles no transhipment


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4 Freight Systems4vehicles pickups at store w/o vehicle


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4 Freight Systems4vehicles with transhipment at stores


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4 Freight Systems4vehicles with transhipment at common location


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ITS for Product Swaps Freight Systems

  • Determining nodes for swaps

  • Coordinating arrivals and departures of vehicles

  • Load planning

  • Determining nodes that vehicles need to visit


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Loaded Container (Import) Freight Systems

Empty pick-up

Marine

Terminal

&

Container Park

Local Importer

Local

Exporter

Loaded Container (Export)

Empty return

Cycle of Container Handling

Empty Running




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Co-opetition Freight Systems

Sharing vehicles, warehouses & distribution centres

Increase load factors & decrease dead running

All schemes require ITS for successful implementation


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Collaborative Distribution Freight Systems

  • Shared storage location(s)

  • Networks restructured using advanced vehicle routing & scheduling systems

  • Distribution to outlets by areas & priority

  • Substantial savings in transport costs (20-30%)

  • Significant reduction in environmental & social costs


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Next Generation Freight SystemsUrban Freight Infrastructure

Intelligent Freight Systems using ITS

  • Vehicle routing & scheduling systems

  • Auction systems (portals)

  • Information Systems (eg. travel time & reliability)

  • Track &Trace Systems

  • Monitoring (eg. AVL)

    Necessary to support Public Logistics Terminals & Intermodal Freight Terminals



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Other Initiatives Freight Systems

  • In-vehicle systems

  • Advanced vehicle routing & scheduling

  • e-Commerce

  • Auction and matching systems

  • Compliance monitoring systems


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Urban Freight Transport, Logistics and ITS Freight Systems

Dr Russell G. Thompson

Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

[email protected]


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