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Thailand Science, Technology and Innovation Policy & ASEAN Krabi Initiative. By Dr. Yada Mukdapitak [email protected] Deputy Secretary General National Science Technology and Innovation Policy Office, Thailand.

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Thailand science technology and innovation policy asean krabi initiative

Thailand Science, Technology and Innovation Policy & ASEAN Krabi Initiative

By Dr. Yada Mukdapitak

[email protected]

Deputy Secretary General

National Science Technology and Innovation Policy Office, Thailand


Direction of the 11th national economic and social development plan 2012 2016

Direction of the 11th National Economic and Social Development Plan 2012-2016

Thailand has been governed by the constitutional monarchy.

Agriculture is the main source of income and food security.

The development is based on knowledge and advanced technology.

Thai society maintains good values and culture.

The community is a key effective mechanism in development.

Thailand is a sovereign state and cooperates with other countries in the international community.

2

Source: Adapted from Summary of the Direction of the 11th National Economic and Social Development Plan 2012-2016, the Office of National Economic and Social Development Board, 2011


Competitiveness ranking of thailand 2004 2011 by factor

Economic Performance

Government Efficiency

*

Overall

Business Efficiency

Infrastructure

Competitiveness Ranking of Thailand 2004-2011(By Factor)

Source: International Institute for Management Development (2004-2011). World Competitiveness Yearbook 2004-2011.


Thailand s competitiveness 2011 sub factors

Thailand’s Competitiveness (2011): Sub-Factors

Economic Performance

Government Efficiency

Business Efficiency

Infrastructure

Source: International Institute for Management Development (2011). World Competitiveness Yearbook 2011.


Scientific infrastructure ranking

Scientific Infrastructure Ranking

Source: International Institute for Management Development (2007-2011). World Competitiveness Yearbook 2007-2011.


Technological infrastructure ranking

Technological Infrastructure Ranking

Source: International Institute for Management Development (2007-2011). World Competitiveness Yearbook 2007-2011.


Thailand science technology and innovation policy asean krabi initiative

Key S&T Indicators (International Comparison)

Remark: 1) Granted patent is the average number between year 2007 and year 2009. 2) Data as of May 2011.

Source: Institute for Management Development (2011). IMD World Competitiveness Online 1995-2011.


Thailand science technology and innovation policy asean krabi initiative

Drafting Process of The 1st National STI Master Plan

Analysis

Synthesis

Information

Gathering

Conclusion

Output

Expert interviews and focus group meetings

Expert panel consulting

  • Public Hearing in the 9th National Congress of STI for Development (January 2011)

  • The 14 Feb. 2011 Draft

  • Circulation to agencies for review

  • The 8 Apr. 2011 Draft

Meetings with government, industry, university, and civic sector organizations

Desk research and field surveys

Top down

Regional joint-studies of STI demand with partner universities

  • Chiang Mai Univ. (Upper North)

  • Naresuan Univ. (Lower North)

  • Khon Kaen Univ. (UpperNorthEast)

  • Suranaree Univ. of Tech. (Lower NE)

  • Burapha Univ. (East)

  • Kasetsart Univ.(Central & West)

  • Prince of Songkla Univ. (South)

Integrated national STI database development

Nationwide Public Hearings

  • Bangkok (STI Policy Office)

  • Upper North (Chiang Mai Univ.)

  • Lower North (Naresuan Univ.)

  • Upper Northeast (Khon Kaen Univ.)

  • Lower Northeast (Suranaree U. of Tech.)

  • South (Prince of Songkla Univ.)

  • Central & West (Kasetsart Univ.)

  • East (Burapha Univ.)

(Draft) National

STI

Policy & Plan

2012-2021

Important current issues

  • social and lifestyle change

  • economy and trade

  • geopolitical change

  • powerdecentralization

  • health and emerging diseases

  • climate change

  • food safety and security

  • energy security

  • scientific and technological change

Bottom up


Thailand science technology and innovation policy asean krabi initiative

Key Recommendations in the STI Master Plan

Core Issues

Courses

Core Issues

Courses

  • Core Policy

  • to be Imple-

  • mented

Driving Green Innovation policy to practical implementation

  • Output and Outcome

Quantitative and Qualitative – identified by Strategies

  • Mechanism and tools for driving

  • Linkage with the 11th Nat’l Development Plan and the 8th Nat’l Research Policy & Strategies

Push for implementation plans of individual agencies

Aligning the 1st STI Action Plan with both National Plans

Phase 1 implementation plan with an emphasis on ASEAN integration

  • Work plans to address ASEAN Community

  • Budgeting

Programmes/Projects with specific budget identified in the 1st STI Action Plan


Thailand science technology and innovation policy asean krabi initiative

From National STI Master Plan to Action Plans

STI Policy Office

STI Policy

Committee

Cabinet

STI Policy Office

Executive Board

Suggests

Approves

Recommends the National STI Policy and Plan

2012-2021

Approves

STI Policy Office

Action Plan

  • Supervises and Follows up

  • Evaluates

  • Revises the Action Plan

Develops Action Plans

Develops Area-Based/

Sector-Specific Action Plans

STI Policy Office

Executive Board

STI Policy Office

and Related Agencies

Ministry of Science

and Technology

STI Policy

Committee

Announces in the Government Gazette and Media

Implements the STI Policy and Plan

Approves


Thailand science technology and innovation policy asean krabi initiative

  • Conceptual Framework of the National Science

  • Technology and Innovation Master Plan 2012-2021

Ageing Society

Decentralization

Demographic &

Social Changes

STI

Competition &

Economic Integration

Energy Security

Sustainable Economy

Regionalization

(ASEAN+)

Energy & Environment

Climate Change

Quality

Society

Social & Cultural

Mobilization

Natural Resource

Management

Green

Innovation

Technological

Changes

Eco Production

& Services

Creativity Platform

11


Thailand science technology and innovation policy asean krabi initiative

  • 12 Strategic Sectors

Sustainable Economy

12


Thailand science technology and innovation policy asean krabi initiative

  • Strategic Social Issues to be Addressed

Quality Society

13


Thailand science technology and innovation policy asean krabi initiative

  • Science Technology and Innovation Strategies for “Green Innovation”

Climate Change

Geopolitical Change

Green Innovation

for Quality Society and Sustainable Economic Growth

Empowering Society and Local Communities

Enhancing Economic Competitiveness and Flexibility

Ensuring Energy, Resource and Environment Security

Developing and Enhancing STI Human Capital

Promoting and Supporting the Development of STI Infrastructure

and Enabling Factors

14


Thailand science technology and innovation policy asean krabi initiative

  • 3 “Pillar” Strategies and Key Actions

Moderation

Reasonableness

Self-Immunity

The Philosophy of “Sufficiency Economy”

15


Thailand science technology and innovation policy asean krabi initiative

  • 2 “Foundation” Strategies and Key Actions

16


Thailand science technology and innovation policy asean krabi initiative

  • “Green Innovation” in Action

Flood Management

ASEAN+6

Green Innovation

for Quality Society and Sustainable Economic Growth

  • Inclusive Innovation

  • Innovative

  • Community

  • Low Carbon Economy

  • Rail System

  • Bio-based Industry

  • Alternative Energy Tech

  • Technology Needs

  • for Climate Change

  • Talent Mobility

  • Science-based Technology Vocational Education

  • Regional Science Parks

  • Tax & Financial Incentives

17


Government policy on science technology research and innovation

Government Policy on Science, Technology, Research and Innovation

Expedite the development of a knowledge-based society by developing the population’s general scientific knowledge to match international standards; provide more public knowledge resources through physical means such as science museums and publications and virtual means through the information technology network; and, raise standards on science and technology educational at all levels.

Expedite the production of scientists, researchers and science teachers to match the demands of the country in order to support national development and pave the way for Thailand’s transformation into an innovative knowledge based economy; support professional advancement of researchers and make available opportunities for researchers both in the public and private sectors.

Promote investment and cooperation between the public and private sectors, as well as higher education institutions to foster researchand development and technology transfer in support of economic and social development which encompasses the development of local wisdom, agriculture, industrial and service sectors, especially in areas that are vital to national development, such as biodiversity, and in which Thailand possesses high potential.

Increase efficiency of the research management system through forming a cooperative network of relevant agencies, research institutes and higher education institutions to reduce duplication and enhance capacity; formulating a Master Plan with the objective of clarifying research objectives and placing emphasis on creating a comprehensive research plan, from basic research to its application to a finished product, thus maximizing the value chain; and, promoting investment in research with a view to reaching a level equivalent to 2% of the Gross Domestic Product.

Promote the use of space technology and geo-informatics to support natural resources management, agricultural production planning, disaster prevention and relief, raising the standard of living and enhancing national competitiveness

18


R d gdp projection 2012 2021

R&D/GDP Projection (2012 – 2021)

% R&D/GDP

Source: Values from 1999 – 2010 are from the National Survey on R&D Expenditure.

Values from 2011 – 2021 are projected by STI Office.

19


Sti investment targets

STI Investment Targets

2564: 2%

2559: 1%

(2564) 25:10,000

(2559) 15:10,000

2559-2564

70:30

  • 2009 National Survey on R&D Expenditure and Personnel of Thailand

  • R&D Exp = 21,493 MB

  • R&D Exp : Gov : Private = 13,318:8,175 MB

  • R&D Personnel = 57,220 (man-year)

Source: National Science Technology and Innovation Policy Office (January 2012)

20


Thailand science technology and innovation policy asean krabi initiative

Private R&D/GDP VS.Public R&D/GDP

%Private R&D / GDP

Israel

Private 50: Public 50

Private 70: Public 30

Japan

Sweden

Korea

Finland

USA

Taiwan

Germany

Denmark

Singapore

Luxembourg

Belgium

France

Australia

Netherlands

China

Canada

Average

Norway

Russia

Portugal

Malaysia

Brazil

Lithuania

Romania

Thailand

Philippines

%Public R&D / GDP

Thailand in 2011

Target 1%

Sources : IMD

21


Thailand science technology and innovation policy asean krabi initiative

Strategic Sectors

Hi-Value-

Added Industries

Rail

System

Health & Wellbeing

Food

Agriculture

Energy

ระบบวิทยาศาสตร์ เทคโนโลยีและนวัตกรรม

Gov’t

Procurement

/Mega-

Projects

Fiscal/

Financial

System

Infra-

structure

System

Technology

Transfer

System

Manpower

System

Research

System

Systems

Matching

Grants/

Equity

Financing/

VC

Promotion of HR Mobility

Mechanisms/Schemes

Researcher

Income Tax

Exemption

Innovation Clustering

Mgnt.

R&D

Tax

Deduction

Strategic Student

Financing

Industrial

M.Sc./Ph.D.

Physical/

Institutional

Infrastructures

Private

R&D Centers

Private

Innovation Districts

Public Regional/ Community Science Parks

Demand-based Priority Measures for Human Resources, Infrastructure

and Enabling Factors Development

22


Thailand science technology and innovation policy asean krabi initiative

Science, Technology and Innovation System

  • Research & Development

  • Innovation

  • Technology Transfer

  • Utilization/Commercialization

  • Human Resource Development

  • STI Infrastructure

  • Enabling Environment


Thailand science technology and innovation policy asean krabi initiative

A Snapshot of Government Spending on STI System

(Fiscal Year 2012 – 852 Projects 43,575.52 million Baht)

Source: Data from 14 ministries, analyzed by STI Office

24


Thailand science technology and innovation policy asean krabi initiative

Krabi Initiative:Science Technology and Innovation (STI) for a Competitive , Sustainable and Inclusive ASEAN

Endorsed by ASEAN S&T Ministers at the 6th IAMMST as a policy framework for STI cooperation in ASEAN

ASEAN 2015 – Vision of ASEAN Leaders

Rationale

Roles of STI – A Balance between Competitiveness and Human Development (People-oriented STI)

Reinventing ASEAN Scientific Community for a Meaningful Delivery of STI Agenda in ASEAN

ASEAN Innovation for Global Market

Digital Economy, New Media & Social Network

Green Technology

Food Security

Thematic Tracks

Water Management

Biodiversity for Health & Wealth

Science and Innovation for Life

Energy Security

STI for Green Society

Public-Private Partnership Platform

Bottom-of-the -Pyramid (BOP) Focus

Youth-focused Innovation

STI Enculturation

Paradigm Shift

Organisational restructure for a meaningful delivery of STI agenda in ASEAN

Develop mechanisms to pursue partnerships and cooperation with other stakeholders in STI

Courses of Action

Enhance ASEAN Plan of Action on S&T for 2012-2015 and leverage the recommendations of the Krabi Retreat for development of future APAST beyond 2015

Implement monitoring and evaluation mechanism for the implementation of STI thematic tracks

25

Source: National Science Technology and Innovation Policy Office - Thailand, December 2010


Ki 8 thematic tracks

KI 8 Thematic Tracks

  • 1. ASEAN Innovation for Global Market

    • ASEAN innovation through science and technology can benefit both ASEAN and global markets. Locally, ASEAN indigenous capabilities in products and services can benefit common people, raising quality of life both in the form of appropriate and emerging technologies. Utilizing our locally available resources and innovation can also extend to the global markets and contribute to ASEAN competitiveness.

  • 2. Digital Economy, New Media and Social Networking

    • The revolution of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) paves the way for a more pervasive and knowledge-based society. In this regard, ASEAN in the digital age must make sure the accessibility and affordability of ICT and useful applications covering social networking, mobile communication, disaster management, healthcare improvement and gender equality to name a few.

  • 3. Green Technology

    • Climate change is starting to show visible impact globally. In response to the increasing demand for industrial production to be more environmental friendly, STI should play a pivotal role in upgrading the industry by making use of low-carbon and cleaner technology. STI for mitigation and adaptation to climate change will be crucial for ASEAN sustainable development.

  • 4. Food Security

  • STI plays a vital role in ensuring food security for ASEAN 600 million population. From productivity improvement and optimization, appropriate mechanization of farms, appropriate food safety standards and access to adequate nutritional requirement to modern biotechnology that cater for both food and energy security. ASEAN should also extend our capacity in food production to dialogue partners including China and India.


Ki 8 thematic tracks cont

KI 8 Thematic Tracks (Cont.)

  • 5. Energy Security

  • The fluctuation of oil price and the increasing global demand of energy for economic development make it necessary for ASEAN to ensure energy security in the region. STI is vital in increasing energy efficiency and developing next-generation alternative energy sources.

  • 6. Water Resource Management

  • Realizing that water is critical to both living and production, ASEAN should utilize STI in effective water management. In order to ensure stable access to clean water, innovations should be extensively promoted to facilitate water utilization and waste water treatment, mitigate disaster from flood and prevent water scarcity.

  • 7. Biodiversity for Health and Wealth

  • ASEAN is one of the most biodiversity-rich region in the world. Efforts should be made in preservation and appropriate use of this resource for the improvement of health and value creation. In this regard, STI is instrumental in collective discovery of new species, developing effective preservation methods and create values from biodiversity and its applications in food, health and energy areas.

  • 8. Science and Innovation for Life

  • The future of ASEAN is in the hands of our youth today. ASEAN youth who are well-equipped with science literacy and technology competency are the hope for ASEAN prosperity. Creativity and passion in STI instilled in our youth will pave the way for the capacity building and life-long learning of future ASEAN population. This entails innovative ecosystem in schools, vocational and higher education institutions as well as bridging learning system to professions and career path.


Ki 5 paradigm shifts

KI 5 Paradigm Shifts

Mainstream science, technology and innovation (STI) into ASEAN citizens’ ways of lives. Innovation eco-systems are to be created in ASEAN community at all levels. Due recognitions are given to citizens with outstanding STI achievements as the role models.

Public-Private Partnership should be strengthened through proactive dialogs and establishments of engaging platforms such as government-linked-companies and corporate social responsibility activities.

  • Public-Private Partnership Platform

  • STI Enculturation

  • STI for Green Society

  • Bottom-of-the-Pyramid Focus

  • Youth-Focused Innovation

Green STI integration platform in its transformation towards low-carbon society. Science-based public awareness on environmental-friendly life style is to be instilled. Appropriate technologies and green innovations are to be promoted among ASEAN member countries in order to become competitive and yet remain sustainable.

Special attention should be given to the majority of the ASEAN population_ the bottom-of-the-pyramid. In this regard, consideration must be accorded to the outcomes of STI addressing on human basic needs such as foods, habitat, health, and access to information and knowledge.

Opportunities for young people to enhance their STI potentials and entrepreneurship are to be enlarged. Examples of measures to be taken include Young ASEAN STI Awards, cross-country attachment program and seed funding to support youth-focused innovations.


What s next

What’s Next

  • Output of Thai-Lao STI Cooperat-ion

  • Inputs from ASEAN Dialogue Partners

AMMST

ASEAN Ministerial Meeting

on Science and Technology

  • Krabi Initiative

Advisory Bodies

COST

ASEAN Committee on

Science and Technology

  • 6 Flagship Programs

ABASF

Advisory Body on t

he ASEAN Science Fund

SCB

  • APAST 2007-2011

SCFST

ABAPAST

Advisory Body on the ASEAN Plan of Action on Science and Technology

SCIRD

Sub-Committees

SCMG

TTF-TW

SCMIT

Technical Task Force

on Tsunami Warning

SCMSAT

SCMST

  • Next ASEAN Plan of Action on ST (I)

TWG-NPP

SCNCER

Technical Working Group

on Nuclear Power Plant

SCOSA

Cooperation with DialoguePartners


Thailand science technology and innovation policy asean krabi initiative

National Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Office319 Chamchuri Square Building, 14th Floor

Phaya Thai Road, Pathumwan

Bangkok, 10330 Thailand

Tel: + 66 2160 5432-39

Fax: +66 2160 5438E-mail: [email protected]://www.sti.or.th


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