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Legislative Branch - Congress Chapter 9 Academic Civics – Mr. Blough. Difference between the House and Senate. Recall from Chapter 3 that we have a bicameral system (two houses) The House of Representatives Senate In order for laws to get passed, BOTH must approve them.

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legislative branch congress chapter 9 academic civics mr blough
Legislative Branch - Congress

Chapter 9

Academic Civics – Mr. Blough

difference between the house and senate
Difference between the House and Senate
  • Recall from Chapter 3 that we have a bicameral system (two houses)
    • The House of Representatives
    • Senate
  • In order for laws to get passed, BOTH must approve them
house vs senate
HOUSE vs. SENATE
  • 435 members (depends on state’s population)
  • 2 year terms
  • Only the House can:
    • originate bills that deal with money ($$$
    • Bring impeachment charges against the president
  • 100 members (2 from each state)
  • 6 year terms
  • Only the Senate can
    • ratify treaties with other nations
    • approve appointments of govt. officials by the president
so you want to be in congress
So you want to be in Congress?
  • To run for the House of Representatives, you must be:
    • 25 years of age
    • Be a US citizen for at least 7 years
    • Live in the state you represent
  • To run for the Senate:
    • 30 years of age
    • Be a US citizen for at least 9 years
    • Live in the state you represent
congressional benefits
Congressional Benefits
  • Salary =
  • Franking Privilege =
  • Immunity =
limits to congressional benefits
Limits to Congressional Benefits
  • Censure – formal disapproval of a congressperson’s actions (think of it as shunning)
  • Expulsion - for very serious offenses; to be kicked out of Congres
party membership
Party Membership
  • House of Representatives
    • Republican = 242
    • Democrat = 193
  • Senate
    • Democrat = 51
    • Republican = 47
    • Independent = 2
make up of congress
Make-up of Congress
  • Men = 83%
  • Women = 17%
  • African American = 8%
  • Latino = 5%
  • Asian American = 3%
  • White or other = 84%
  • Military veterans = 22%
  • Education
    • Master’s Degree = 18%
    • Law Degree = 43%
    • Ph.D or Medical Degree = 8%
  • Occupations:
    • http://www.senate.gov/CRSReports/crs-publish.cfm?pid=%260BL%29PL%3B%3D%0A
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