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Legislative Branch - Congress Chapter 9 Academic Civics – Mr. Blough. Difference between the House and Senate. Recall from Chapter 3 that we have a bicameral system (two houses) The House of Representatives Senate In order for laws to get passed, BOTH must approve them.

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Legislative branch congress chapter 9 academic civics mr blough

Legislative Branch - Congress

Chapter 9

Academic Civics – Mr. Blough


Difference between the house and senate
Difference between the House and Senate

  • Recall from Chapter 3 that we have a bicameral system (two houses)

    • The House of Representatives

    • Senate

  • In order for laws to get passed, BOTH must approve them


House vs senate
HOUSE vs. SENATE

  • 435 members (depends on state’s population)

  • 2 year terms

  • Only the House can:

    • originate bills that deal with money ($$$

    • Bring impeachment charges against the president

  • 100 members (2 from each state)

  • 6 year terms

  • Only the Senate can

    • ratify treaties with other nations

    • approve appointments of govt. officials by the president


So you want to be in congress
So you want to be in Congress?

  • To run for the House of Representatives, you must be:

    • 25 years of age

    • Be a US citizen for at least 7 years

    • Live in the state you represent

  • To run for the Senate:

    • 30 years of age

    • Be a US citizen for at least 9 years

    • Live in the state you represent


Congressional benefits
Congressional Benefits

  • Salary =

  • Franking Privilege =

  • Immunity =


Limits to congressional benefits
Limits to Congressional Benefits

  • Censure – formal disapproval of a congressperson’s actions (think of it as shunning)

  • Expulsion - for very serious offenses; to be kicked out of Congres


Party membership
Party Membership

  • House of Representatives

    • Republican = 242

    • Democrat = 193

  • Senate

    • Democrat = 51

    • Republican = 47

    • Independent = 2


Make up of congress
Make-up of Congress

  • Men = 83%

  • Women = 17%

  • African American = 8%

  • Latino = 5%

  • Asian American = 3%

  • White or other = 84%

  • Military veterans = 22%

  • Education

    • Master’s Degree = 18%

    • Law Degree = 43%

    • Ph.D or Medical Degree = 8%

  • Occupations:

    • http://www.senate.gov/CRSReports/crs-publish.cfm?pid=%260BL%29PL%3B%3D%0A


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