Dehydration of fruits and vegetables in tunisia
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Dehydration of Fruits and Vegetables in Tunisia. _______________________ Dr. Mohsen ACHOUR Higher Institute of Food Industries of Tunis (ESIAT, Tunisia) Tunis,Tunisia April 25-28, 2003 ________________________________________

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Dehydration of Fruits and Vegetables in Tunisia

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Dehydration of fruits and vegetables in tunisia

Dehydration of Fruits and Vegetables in Tunisia

_______________________

Dr. Mohsen ACHOUR

Higher Institute of Food Industries of Tunis

(ESIAT, Tunisia)

Tunis,Tunisia

April 25-28, 2003

________________________________________

Thematic network: Improved Quality Management in the Euro-Mediterranean Fruits and Vegetables Processing Industry


Current state

Current State

  • Very limited production activities of dried

    fruits and vegetables

  • Intensive imports, in particular dried raisins

    and certain nut based dried fruits

  • Production dominated by dried nut based

    fruits, figs, tomatoes and dates

  • Export of value added dried products


Dehydration of fruits and vegetables in tunisia

Spectrum of dried Products


Dehydration of fruits and vegetables in tunisia

Related National and EU Regulations

  • Local standards for F&V dehydration: several

    specifications and standards for certain dried f&v

  • Use of EU and FDA regulations for

    exported products

  • Full respect of clients needs


Dehydration of fruits and vegetables in tunisia

Technical problems of the industrial companies and their needs of assistance

  • Quality of raw material :

- Volume

- Consistency

- Quality level

  • Marketing strategy

  • No great experience with drying technology

  • Absence of local legislation in the subjet

  • No obvious added value vs. Product marketability


Dehydration of fruits and vegetables in tunisia

Quality and customer acceptability

  • Negative response towards dried fruits and

    vegetables … low quality fresh produce and

    transformation of surplus produce … second

    priority

  • Need of dried products in particular industrial activities,

    such as traditional pasteries ans sweets …

    some acceptance of dried products during off season


Imports of dried fruits vegetables tons

IMPORTSOF DRIED FRUITS & VEGETABLES (Tons)


Exports of dried fruits vegetables tons

EXPORTS OF DRIED FRUITS & VEGETABLES (Tons)


Imports of dried raisins in kg ins 2002

IMPORTS OF DRIED RAISINS in kg (INS, 2002)


Imports of dried raisins in dinars ins 2002

IMPORTS OF DRIED RAISINS in Dinars (INS, 2002)


Industrial profile

INDUSTRIAL PROFILE

  • Conditioning Companies:

    • Totally exporting: 21 units, 5780 jobs

    • Non totally exporting: 31 units, 4382 jobs

      ... Lack of data on companies practicing drying of F&V

  • National consumption:

    • Fresh Vegetables: avg. 80 kg/person/year

    • Processed Vegetables: avg. 60 kg/person/year

    • Fresh Fruits: avg. 50 kg/person/year

      ... No particular data on dried F&V

  • Strategic products

    - Tomatoes, figs, dates, almonds


Conclusions

CONCLUSIONS

  • Tunisia is of a great need for technology transfer in the domain of dehydration of F&V

  • Need for incitations to grow F&V destined for dehydrated end products.

  • Opportunities for added value dried or semi dried F&Vment

  • Establishment of local legislation in the subject.


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