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Dehydration of Fruits and Vegetables in Tunisia. _______________________ Dr. Mohsen ACHOUR Higher Institute of Food Industries of Tunis (ESIAT, Tunisia) Tunis,Tunisia April 25-28, 2003 ________________________________________

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Dehydration of fruits and vegetables in tunisia
Dehydration of Fruits and Vegetables in Tunisia

_______________________

Dr. Mohsen ACHOUR

Higher Institute of Food Industries of Tunis

(ESIAT, Tunisia)

Tunis,Tunisia

April 25-28, 2003

________________________________________

Thematic network: Improved Quality Management in the Euro-Mediterranean Fruits and Vegetables Processing Industry


Current state
Current State

  • Very limited production activities of dried

    fruits and vegetables

  • Intensive imports, in particular dried raisins

    and certain nut based dried fruits

  • Production dominated by dried nut based

    fruits, figs, tomatoes and dates

  • Export of value added dried products



Related National and EU Regulations

  • Local standards for F&V dehydration: several

    specifications and standards for certain dried f&v

  • Use of EU and FDA regulations for

    exported products

  • Full respect of clients needs


Technical problems of the industrial companies and their needs of assistance

  • Quality of raw material :

- Volume

- Consistency

- Quality level

  • Marketing strategy

  • No great experience with drying technology

  • Absence of local legislation in the subjet

  • No obvious added value vs. Product marketability


Quality and customer acceptability needs of assistance

  • Negative response towards dried fruits and

    vegetables … low quality fresh produce and

    transformation of surplus produce … second

    priority

  • Need of dried products in particular industrial activities,

    such as traditional pasteries ans sweets …

    some acceptance of dried products during off season


Imports of dried fruits vegetables tons
IMPORTS needs of assistanceOF DRIED FRUITS & VEGETABLES (Tons)





Industrial profile
INDUSTRIAL PROFILE needs of assistance

  • Conditioning Companies:

    • Totally exporting: 21 units, 5780 jobs

    • Non totally exporting: 31 units, 4382 jobs

      ... Lack of data on companies practicing drying of F&V

  • National consumption:

    • Fresh Vegetables: avg. 80 kg/person/year

    • Processed Vegetables: avg. 60 kg/person/year

    • Fresh Fruits: avg. 50 kg/person/year

      ... No particular data on dried F&V

  • Strategic products

    - Tomatoes, figs, dates, almonds


Conclusions
CONCLUSIONS needs of assistance

  • Tunisia is of a great need for technology transfer in the domain of dehydration of F&V

  • Need for incitations to grow F&V destined for dehydrated end products.

  • Opportunities for added value dried or semi dried F&Vment

  • Establishment of local legislation in the subject.


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