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Synonyms. Antonyms. Homonyms. Understand how texts are made cohesive through resources e.g. synonyms , and antonyms. Understand that words which sound the same may have different spellings and meanings which determine their usage.

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Antonyms

Synonyms

Antonyms

Homonyms


  • Understand that words which sound the same may have different spellings and meanings which determine their usage.

Building information through connecting similar and contrasting dissimilar things.


Antonyms words that are opposite to another word anti means against

Synonyms – words that are the same or nearly the same as another word (SYN means the SAME)

Antonyms – words that are opposite to another word(ANTI means AGAINST)

Homonyms – words that sound the same but have different meanings (HOMO means SAME)


Synonyms

Words (or phrases) which have the same or similar meaning to another word.

Synonyms

Babies

Synonyms can help us to understand what the text is about.

Synonyms are useful when we are summarising text.

S for synonymmakes it easy to remember….

S for Same!


Examples of how synonyms and antonyms can improve our writing
Examples of how to another word. Synonyms and Antonyms can improve our writing.

Elephants are bigger than mice!

Elephants are larger than mice!

Mice are smaller than elephants!

Can you think of any other variations of the first sentence?


Synonyms1

Words (or phrases) which have the same or similar meaning to another word.

Synonyms

Let’s suggest some synonyms here …

Big -

Fast -

S for synonymmakes it easy to remember….

S for Same!

Angry -

Said -


Antonyms1

Words which have the opposite meaning to another word. to another word.

Antonyms

Let’s suggest some antonyms here …

Fast -

Straight -

Happy -

Tiny -



Homonyms1

Words which are pronounced or spelt the same but have different meanings

Homonyms

Do you know the differences between these words? Can you think of other examples?

bow / bow

plane / plain

be / bee

hare / hair

tick/tick

you / ewe


Homonyms2

Words which are pronounced or spelt the same but have different meanings

Homonyms

What are some examples of homonyms which we come across in our reading and writing?

to / too / two

where / wear / we’re

here / hear

there / their / they’re

Do you notice something about where, here and there? Do you have some strategies to help you remember which word to use for each situation?


To too and two visual reminders
To, too and two – visual reminders different meanings

To: the monkey is going to the zoo with his torch lighting the way

Too: the kids are going somewhere and their friend wants to come too!

Two:two kids are working reading together


They re there and their visual reminders
They different meanings’re, there (and their) – visual reminders

They’re:

This is a contraction of two words – they + are…Could you use ‘they are’ in your sentence? Yes! Then use this one!

There:

This relates to a place…Where? Not here! Over there!Can you see that they all have “here”?

“Their” is a possessive. It means that something belongs to someone. Could you use ‘our’ in your sentence? Yes! Then use this one!


Activity time different meanings

  • Read the story

  • Make our own version of the story

  • Create and share our story


Aunt Skeeter and the _____________ Itch different meanings

It was a ________________________ hot day out on the Bluebell farm. _______________Skeeter had _________working in the garden since _______________. She looked up at the __________ ____ and wished she were swimming in the __________________ creek down the ________. All at once a _________________ idea came to her mind. She decided a swim was just what she needed, so she ___________________ down to the ______________ and _____________________ _________ in!


Aunt Skeeter and the _____________ Itch different meanings

A smile spread across Aunt Skeeter's face as she floated on the water. However, her _________________________ swim didn't last for long. All of a sudden, Aunt Skeeter let out a __________________ that could be heard in the next town. She jumped up out of the water like she'd been shot from a ______________.

!

!


Aunt Skeeter and the _____________ Itch different meanings

She wiggled and squirmed as she tried to ____________ the _____________ of her discomfort. After one _______________________ shake, a ________________ catfish came flopping out of Aunt Skeeter's overalls. Seeing the catfish ___________ Aunt Skeeter _____________________ so hard that she had the hiccups for _______ days!