Wwii the battles begin
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WWII – The Battles Begin. Between 1939 and 1941, Germany is able to take over many European countries using a military tactic called Blitzkrieg. Blitzkrieg: “Lightning War” Tanks, bomber planes, troops & artillery. Tanks would “punch holes” in the lines of the defences

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WWII – The Battles Begin

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Wwii the battles begin

WWII – The Battles Begin


Wwii the battles begin

  • Between 1939 and 1941, Germany is able to take over many European countries using a military tactic called Blitzkrieg.

  • Blitzkrieg: “Lightning War”

    • Tanks, bomber planes, troops & artillery.

    • Tanks would “punch holes” in the lines of the defences

    • Bomber planes would fight from above

    • Troops and artilleries would follow quickly behind the tanks

    • Aerial bombardment and ground troops prevented Allies from re-supplying their own forces and would close in to seal the holes in the front line.

  • Animation


  • Miracle at dunkirk

    Miracle at Dunkirk

    • After taking over many countries in Europe, Germany invades France

    • Britain sent in troops to help defend France

    • Both France and Britain were not prepared for the speed of the Blitzkrieg

    • The German army forced the allies back to the French city of Dunkirk where they remained trapped.

    • During the delay of Germany planning their final attack, the British set out a call for help

    • Nearly 900 ships came across the English Channel

    • Between May 27 and June 4 over 300,000 soldiers were evacuated to England from Dunkirk. It was expected that only 10,000 would have survived.


    Wwii the battles begin

    The Miracle at Dunkirk


    The battle of britain

    The Battle of Britain

    • July 1940 – October 1940

    • Luftwaffe: German Air Force

    • RAF – British Royal Air Force

    • Hitler ordered an air attack on British ships in the English Channel signaling the start of the Battle of Britain.

    • Hitler’s plan was to destroy Britain’s fighter planes, factories and the morale of the people


    Wwii the battles begin

    • At first Luftwaffe was extremely successful by knocking out airfields and supply factories

    • (RAF) despite being badly outnumbered held it’s ground.

    • After thousands of British civilians and fighter pilots were killed the Luftwaffe backs down and the battle is considered an Allied victory.

    • Canadian fighter planes helped the RAF

    • Note: Review your notes from the Battle of Britain video!


    Wwii the battles begin

    Lost Evidence: Battle of Britain


    Canadians at hong kong 1941

    Canadians at Hong Kong, 1941


    Wwii the battles begin

    • Japan – Part of the Axis Powers

    • Leader: Emperor Hirohito

    • Japan wants to take over Asia for power and natural resources

    • December 7, 1941 Japan launches surprise attack on Pearl Harbor (American naval base in Hawaii).

    • Japanese had to eliminate the American Pacific fleet to continue its own expansion without any extra obstacles


    Wwii the battles begin

    • U.S used the attack to declare war against the Axis Powers

    • A few hours after the attack of Pearl Harbor, Japanese invade Hong Kong (a colony of Britain).

    • Britain and Canada had troops set up in Hong Kong for defence.

    • Compared to Japan’s huge artillery and airplanes, the British and Canadian defenders was made up of a small number of troops, nurses and civilians had little chance of victory.

    • Just over 2 weeks of ferocious fighting, the defenders surrendered on Christmas day.

    • 290 Canadians killed. Survivors were sent to prison camps and used for slave labour in coal and iron mines.

    • Ate only rice, were beaten, tortured and killed.


    The battle of dieppe

    The Battle of Dieppe

    August 19, 1942


    Wwii the battles begin

    • Canadian and British troops were sent to the French coast at Dieppe to test the German forces.

    • They wanted to establish whether an attack from the sea was possible.

    • Objective of attack: hold the town long enough to destroy its harbour installations, gather crucial information and then withdraw safely to Britain. This raid was to test new techniques and equipment in preparation for the eventual invasion of Europe

      • Maneuver was called “Operation Jubilee”

    • Over 6000 soldiers were set out towards Dieppe (5000 Canadian)


    Wwii the battles begin

    The Plan:

    • Surprise the Germans in the middle of the dark night

      A Series of Unfortunate Events:

    • A chance encounter with a small German convoy warned the Germans of a pending raid (the surprise element was gone)

    • The Canadians and British were able to fight off the convoy, but this delayed their timing and they arrived at the beach at dawn

  • At Dieppe the Germans were ready with artillery on the cliffs. They mowed down soldiers as they left the landing crafts

  • Tanks that were supposed to lead the way for the Canadians stalled on the beach


  • Wwii the battles begin

    Canadian Troops Training Exercise for Disembarking at Dieppe


    Wwii the battles begin

    Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps Rehearse for Raid on Dieppe


    Wwii the battles begin

    Troops Prepare to Go Ashore at the Battle of Dieppe


    Wwii the battles begin

    Damaged Tanks on the Beach at the Battle of Dieppe


    Wwii the battles begin

    Beach and cliffs at Dieppe


    Wwii the battles begin

    Dieppe's pebble beach and cliff immediately following the raid on August 19th, 1942. A scout car has been abandoned.


    Wwii the battles begin

    Corpses on the beach next to two Churchill tanks of the 14th Armoured Regiment (Calgary) stuck in pebbles.


    Wwii the battles begin

    • By afternoon, 900 Canadian troops were dead, over 1000 wounded and 1900 were taken by the Germans

    • Acceptable losses: a certain number of lives may reasonably be lost in pursuit of long-term objectives. Therefore, Dieppe was not a complete failure

    • Lessons learned at Dieppe proved to be very valuable at the invasion of Normandy in 1944. Mistakes such as the ones in Dieppe didn’t happen again.


    Wwii the battles begin

    Canadian prisoners escorted by German guards marching through Dieppe, August 19th, 1942.


    Wwii the battles begin

    German Prisoner of War From Dieppe


    Wwii the battles begin

    What do you think about the notion of “acceptable losses” ?


    Canadian s in the air

    Canadian’s in the Air


    Wwii the battles begin

    • Canada’s air force was small at the beginning of the war, but by the end it was the fourth largest in the world

    • Pilots were young – average age 23

    • Sent on missions to bomb industrial sites, railways, highways and bridges of Axis Powers - mostly at night.

    • However, many bombs went astray killing civilians – mostly women and children

      • Question: Why were most civilians women and children?


    Wwii the battles begin

    • In 1942 the Allies begin to bomb German cities to destroy German spirits.

    • Over 100 000 German civilians died and cities were almost totally destroyed.

    • However, the bombing did not destroy the German will to fight

      • (much like the British will did not break during the Battle of Britain)


    Wwii the battles begin

    Canadian Forces PL 907


    Bridge destroyed by bombing in cologne germany

    Bridge destroyed by bombing in Cologne, Germany


    Wwii the battles begin

    Bombed Buildings, Germany


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