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Mary Shelley. Frankenstein, or The Modern Prometheus. by Mary Shelley. Prometheus. Greek mythology a Titan who championed mankind stole fire from Zeus and gave it to mortals

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Frankenstein or the modern prometheus

Frankenstein, or The Modern Prometheus

by

Mary Shelley


Prometheus
Prometheus

  • Greek mythology

  • a Titan who championed mankind

  • stole fire from Zeus and gave it to mortals

  • Zeus punished him by having him bound to a rock while an eagle ate his liver every day only to have it grow back to be eaten again the next day


Genre gothic literature characteristics
GENRE: Gothic LiteratureCHARACTERISTICS:


Gothic lit characteristics
Gothic Lit: CHARACTERISTICS:

  • popular 1760’s – 1820’s

  • wild, remote, dreary settings; lots of castles, moors and rain

  • contains a hero/villain

  • strives to incite terror

  • contains evidence of the supernatural

  • mixes romance and horror

  • evokes a sense of mystery and dread


Gothic lit characteristics1
Gothic Lit: CHARACTERISTICS:

  • a distressed heroine

  • moral conflicts abound

  • questions where does man’s power begins and ends

  • explores the macabre (muh-cahb) nature of mankind

  • macabre: suggesting the horror of death and decay; gruesome. Macabre tales of war and plague in the Middle Ages.


Mary shelley s style
Mary Shelley’s STYLE:

  • rich vocabulary (a plethora of SAT words to enjoy!)

  • elaborate sentence structure

  • allusions aplenty

  • jumbled chronology

  • shifting narrators


The frame story

“The

FRAME

Story”


The sympathetic listener

“The

SYMPATHETIC

LISTENER”


A cautionary tale
a “CAUTIONARY TALE”

there’s a warning of a taboo…

someone disregards it…

an unpleasant fate awaits…


Major themes
Major Themes:

  • the importance of intellectual curiosity and achievement AND the responsibilities that accompany them; knowledge can be dangerous

  • the importance of familial relationships AND the pain that comes when ties are severed

  • loneliness; alienation from society

  • the natural world as a catalyst for and reflection of human emotion

  • nature vs. nurture


M eaning of the work theme
meaning of the work (theme)

  • Nature (the physical world)

  • Alienation

  • Birth / Death

  • Judgment

  • Self-worth

  • Egocentricism

  • Ambition

  • Lollipops

  • Judgment

  • Acceptance

  • Rationality

  • Shame

  • Secrets

  • Enlightenment

  • The Unknown

  • Irresponsibility

  • Science

  • Revenge

  • Abandonment

  • Isolation

  • Change

  • Passion

  • Creation

  • Destruction

  • Consequence

  • Fear

  • Trust

  • Persecution

  • Duality

  • Fitting in

  • Family

  • God

  • Nature vs. Nurture

  • Knowledge

  • Curiosity

  • Relationships

  • Cowardice

  • Neglect

  • Mental health

  • Redemption

  • Compassion

  • Responsibility

  • Obligation

  • Prejudice

  • Power

  • Self-preservation


Moral ambiguity

MORAL AMBIGUITY

AMBIGUOUS:

VAGUE, UNCERTAIN,

UNCLEAR, INDEFINITE


Romanticism
Romanticism

  • an artistic, literary, and intellectual movement

  • originated in the late 18th century in western Europe

  • a movement against norms of the Age of Enlightenment

  • a philosophical revolt against rationalism

  • the exaltation of the senses and emotions over reason and intellect

  • the rediscovery of the artist as a supremely individual creator

  • emphasis on individual expression and imagination


A word or two about

A word (or two) about

SPARKNOTES :-o


Wanderer above the sea of fog by caspar david friedrich 1818
Wanderer Above the Sea of Fog by Caspar David Friedrich1818


Eug ne delacroix la libert guidant le peuple
Eugène Delacroix La Liberté Guidant le Peuple


In nature s wonderland thomas doughty 1835
In Nature’s Wonderland Thomas Doughty (1835)



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