Cognitive linguistics croft cruse 10
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Cognitive Linguistics Croft & Cruse 10 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Cognitive Linguistics Croft & Cruse 10. An overview of construction grammars (part 1, through 10.2.1). 10.1.1 Grammatical representation: the anatomy of a construction. Constructions are pairings of form and meaning – symbolic units

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Cognitive Linguistics Croft & Cruse 10

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Cognitive linguistics croft cruse 10

Cognitive LinguisticsCroft & Cruse 10

An overview of construction grammars

(part 1, through 10.2.1)


10 1 1 grammatical representation the anatomy of a construction

10.1.1 Grammatical representation: the anatomy of a construction

  • Constructions are pairings of form and meaning – symbolic units

  • Even the most general syntactic constructions have general rules of semantic interpretation.

  • Meaning (= semantic structure) includes all conventionalized aspects of a construction’s function, including discourse and pragmatic functions

  • The link to meaning is internal to a construction, syntactic structures are NOT independent of semantic structures, these are symbolic links


10 1 1 grammatical representation the anatomy of a construction cont d

10.1.1 Grammatical representation: the anatomy of a construction, cont’d.

  • Elements: parts of syntactic structure

  • Components: parts of semantic structure

  • Unit: a symbolic part (element + component) of a construction

  • Semantic relations: between components

  • Syntactic relations: between elements


10 1 1 grammatical representation the anatomy of a construction cont d1

10.1.1 Grammatical representation: the anatomy of a construction, cont’d.

  • Two questions arise from construction grammar:

    • 1) What is the status of the categories of the syntactic elements in construction grammar?

    • 2) What sorts of syntactic relations are posited?


10 1 2 the organization of constructional knowledge

10.1.2 The organization of constructional knowledge

  • Each construction is a node in a taxonomic network of constructions (remember radial categories? This is similar, except that it accommodates various levels of abstraction.)

  • A given construction may have multiple parents. I didn’t sleep instantiates both Intransitive Verb and Negative constructions


10 1 2 the organization of constructional knowledge cont d

10.1.2 The organization of constructional knowledge, cont’d.

  • A construction typically provides only partial specification of the structure of an utterance

  • Two more questions arise:

    • 3) What sorts of relations are found between constructions?

    • 4) How is information stored in the construction taxonomy?


10 2 some current theories of construction grammar

10.2 Some current theories of construction grammar

  • Different versions of the theory focus on different issues:

    • Construction Grammar (Fillmore/Kay) – syntactic relations and inheritance

    • Lakoff/Goldberg – categorization relations between constructions

    • Cognitive Grammar (Langacker) – semantic categories and relations

    • Radical Construction Grammar (Croft) – syntactic categories and universals

  • We will ask questions 1)-4) concerning each version of the theory


10 2 1 construction grammar

10.2.1 Construction Grammar

  • Similar to formalism of HPSG

  • Uniform representation of all grammatical properties, formal and functional, as features with values, gathered in sets called feature structures

Charles Fillmore

Paul Kay


10 2 1 construction grammar cont d

10.2.1 Construction Grammar, cont’d.

  • Q&A:

    • 1) What is the status of the categories of the syntactic elements in construction grammar?

      • Reductionist model of syntactic structure made up of primitive atomic units

    • 2) What sorts of syntactic relations are posited?

      • Roles and relations (all are predicate-argument relations)


10 2 1 construction grammar cont d1

10.2.1 Construction Grammar, cont’d.

  • Q&A:

    • 3) What sorts of relations are found between constructions?

    • 4) How is information stored in the construction taxonomy?

      • (Answer to both:) Construction grammar is a complete inheritance model, in which information is represented only once, at the most schematic level, and a construction inherits the feature structures of its parent constructions


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