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The Canadian Census of Population: a Review in Preparation for 2016. UNECE Group of Experts on Population and Housing Censuses May 23, 2012. Mandate and Scope of Review. Mandate

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The canadian census of population a review in preparation for 2016

The Canadian Census of Population: a Review in Preparation for 2016

UNECE Group of Experts on Population and Housing Censuses

May 23, 2012


Mandate and scope of review
Mandate and Scope of Review for 2016

  • Mandate

    • Study options on the methodology and ultimately deliver a recommendation to the federal government for the 2016 Census program

  • In scope : Four components assessed and integrated into an option analysis report

    • Legislative

    • Content determination framework

    • “Canadian context”

    • Methodology

  • Out of scope: detailed methods, content and costing

Statistics Canada • Statistique Canada


Legislative
Legislative for 2016

  • Decennial Census

    • A requirement under the Canadian Constitution Act

  • Quinquennial census

    • Constitution Act requires quinquennial census for the Prairie Provinces

    • Statistics Act requires Canadian quinquennial census since 1970

  • Definition of a census of population

Statistics Canada • Statistique Canada


Framework
Framework for 2016

  • Sequential approach to assess or build census/NHS methodology options incl. content

* External and internal needs

Statistics Canada • Statistique Canada


Consultation on uses
Consultation on uses for 2016

  • Feedback sought from

    • Federal, provincial, territorial and municipal governments

    • Aboriginal organizations

    • Selected direct end-users and secondary distributors and 'umbrella' org. in non-profit and business sectors

  • Uses/data requirements

    • Statutory, program and other requirements

    • Topics (by order of priority)

    • Level of geography / Sub-populations

    • Trends

    • Multivariate

Statistics Canada • Statistique Canada


Methodology
Methodology for 2016

  • Approach 1 – traditional census

  • A collection of data from all households on individuals, at a specific point-in-time, constitutes the spine

  • May involve some sampling for characteristics

  • The collection modes may vary; some data may be replaced by administrative data

Statistics Canada • Statistique Canada


Methodology1
Methodology for 2016

  • Approach 2 – census employing existing administrative registers

  • A set of data first collected for administrative purposes and linked together constitutes the spine

  • Can be supplemented by surveys (census or sample)

Statistics Canada • Statistique Canada


Methodology2
Methodology for 2016

  • Approach 3 – census employing continuous measurements

  • A collection of data from the individuals, where all or a part of it is collected on a continuous basis

  • May involve some sampling

  • The collection modes may vary; some data may be replaced by administrative data

Statistics Canada • Statistique Canada


Conclusion
Conclusion for 2016

  • A traditional census is the only possible option for 2016

  • The presence or absence of a voluntary component remains an open question until the data qualities studies are completed for the National Household Survey.

Statistics Canada • Statistique Canada


Lessons learned
Lessons Learned for 2016

  • Such a review requires a dedicated team (separate from production teams)

  • Requires key knowledgeable resources

  • Organisational buy-in is important – senior management governance

  • External validation is desirable

  • Highlighted the importance of international networks

Statistics Canada • Statistique Canada


Project contacts
Project contacts for 2016

For more information, please contact:

Statistics Canada • Statistique Canada


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